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Gayatri Spivak

(1942–) Indian-born postcolonial, post-structuralist, Marxistliterary critic and theorist. The daughter of middle-class parents, she was born in Calcutta at a time when India was ...

Spivak, Gayatri

Spivak, Gayatri   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
577 words

...of those who support it. Gayatri Spivak , Three Women's Texts and a Critique of Imperialism, Critical Inquiry 12, no. 1 (1985), reprinted in The Feminist Reader: Essays in Gender and the Politics of Literary Criticism, eds. Catherine Belsey and Jane Moore (1989) and in Feminisms: Gender and Literary Studies, eds. Diane Price Herndl and Robyn Warhol (1991). Gayatri Spivak , Can the Subaltern Speak?, in Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture , eds. Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg (1988). Gayatri Spivak , In a Word, interview with Ellen...

Spivak, Gayatri

Spivak, Gayatri (1942)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
70 words

..., Gayatri ( 1942 – ) An Indian post-colonial literary theorist who has championed deconstruction, post-colonial feminism, and subaltern studies . After graduating from the Presidency College of the University of Calcutta, she moved the United States to undertake graduate work. She took a post at Columbia University, New York in 1992 . Her work on the subaltern, positionality and the ethnocentricity of Western knowledge production has been particularly...

Spivak, Gayatri

Spivak, Gayatri (1942– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Gayatri ( 1942–  ) Indian -born postcolonial , post-structuralist , Marxist literary critic and theorist . The daughter of middle-class parents, she was born in Calcutta at a time when India was still part of the British Empire. Borrowing money, she moved to the US to attend graduate school at Cornell, where she did comparative literature because that was the only school to offer her a scholarship. She wrote her PhD on William Butler Yeats , under the direction of Paul de Man . Her first job was at the University of Iowa, which she started a full...

Spivak, Gayatri

Spivak, Gayatri (1942–)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
272 words

..., Gayatri ( 1942– ), influential literary critic who has made a powerful impact on the field of postcolonial studies , especially with regard to feminist approaches and interpretations, economic oppression, and political marginalization. Spivak was born in Kolkata, India, and earned a B.A. from the University of Calcutta before coming to the United States to complete her M.A. and doctorate in English at Cornell University. After teaching at universities throughout the United States, including Columbia University and the University of Pittsburgh, ...

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Gayatri Chakravorty ( 1942–  ), Indian writer , critic , literary theorist , and academic , born in Calcutta, where she was educated. She later studied in America, where she has held several important academic posts. In 1976 she translated Derrida's Of Grammatology , which was instrumental in disseminating the theories of deconstruction in America and in Britain. In her own critical practice, Spivak expands the methodology of deconstruction to introduce Marxist and feminist perspectives. Her influential work of cultural theory, In Other...

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty (1942–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
150 words

...Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty ( 1942– ) Indian feminist theorist and comparative literature scholar who moved from Calcutta to the US to complete an MA and works there as an academic. Famous amongst feminists and postcolonial critics for the essay ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’ ( 1988 ), she draws on Marxist theory to explore the construction of the radical otherness of utterly materially-deprived women whose voices are not heard or attended to. Her writings are highly theoretical and difficult to read. Her other works include In Other Worlds: Essays in...

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak: Relevance for Communication Studies

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak: Relevance for Communication Studies   Reference library

Raka Shome

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
12,754 words

...and exchanges. Further Reading Morton, S. (2003). Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak . New York, NY: Routledge. Morton, S. (2007). Gayatri Spivak: Ethics, subalternity and the critique of postcolonial reason . Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. Sanders, M. (2006). Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak: Live theory . London, UK: Continuum. Spivak, G. (1983). Displacement and the discourse of woman. In M. Krupnick (Ed.), Displacement: Derrida and after (pp. 169–195). Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Spivak, G. (1989). Who claims alterity. In B. Kruger & P....

Gayatri Spivak

Gayatri Spivak  

(1942–)Indian-born postcolonial, post-structuralist, Marxistliterary critic and theorist. The daughter of middle-class parents, she was born in Calcutta at a time when India was still part of the ...
Derrida, Jacques

Derrida, Jacques   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
15,511 words

...The Texts of Jacques Derrida . Chicago, 1987. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty . Responsibility . boundary 2 21.3 (Fall 1994): 19–64. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty . Supplementing Marxism. In Whither Marxism? Global Crises in International Perspective , edited by Bernd Magnus and Stephen Cullenberg , pp. 118–119, New York and London, 1995. Weber, Samuel . Institution and Interpretation . Minneapolis, 1987. Wood, David , ed. Derrida: A Critical Reader . Oxford and Cambridge, Mass., 1992. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Derrida and Literature The topic of literature...

Derrida, Jacques

Derrida, Jacques   Reference library

Stephen Melville, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Peggy Kamuf, and D. N. Rodowick

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
16,311 words

...Press, 1987. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty . “Responsibility.” boundary 2 21, no. 3 (Fall 1994): 19–64. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty . “Supplementing Marxism.” In Whither Marxism? Global Crises in International Perspective , edited by Bernd Magnus and Stephen Cullenberg , pp. 118–119, New York: Routledge, 1995. Weber, Samuel . Institution and Interpretation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987. Wood, David , ed. Derrida: A Critical Reader . Oxford and Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1992. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Derrida and...

Marginality

Marginality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Over the past two decades, the term marginality has received much critical attention from feminist scholars in various disciplines. However, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word ...
subaltern

subaltern  

A term conceived by the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, who because he was in prison and his writings subject to censorship used it as a codeword for any class of people (but especially peasants and ...
strategic essentialism

strategic essentialism  

A political tactic employed by a minority group acting on the basis of a shared identity in the public arena in the interests of unity during a struggle for equal rights. The term was coined by ...
Homi Bhabha

Homi Bhabha  

(1949–)An Indian-born, but American-based literary critic and theorist, Bhabha is one of the three most prominent postcolonial theorists of recent times, along with Edward Said and Gayatri Spivak. Of ...
Marxist-Feminism

Marxist-Feminism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A theoretical and political stance within the contemporary feminist movement that integrates gender analysis in feminist theory with class analysis in the Marxist tradition. Marxist feminism has its ...
glocalization

glocalization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A portmanteau term (globalization + localization). See also re-embedding.1. A term that emphasizes that these two concepts do not exist in polar opposition, but rather that they operate in mutual ...
Edward Said

Edward Said  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1935–2004),Palestinian critic, born in Jerusalem. Since 1963 he has taught at Columbia University, New York. His works of general literary theory, Beginnings (1975) and The World, the Text and the ...
postcolonial literature

postcolonial literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A category devised to replace and expand upon what was once in Britain called Commonwealth Literature. As a label, it thus covers a very wide range of writings from countries that were once colonies ...
postcolonialism

postcolonialism  

(cultural theory)A field of study concerned with the critical analysis of the ideological impact of Western imperialism and its continuing influence (neocolonialism). ‘Post-’ does not signify that ...
essentialism

essentialism  

[Th]The idea that there are certain attitudes or emotions that are biologically inherent to human beings in general or to males or females differently. Essentialist claims are often backed up with ...

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