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Gasparo Contarini

(1483–1542), cardinal. An adherent of the New Learning, he became famous as a theologian. Though only a layman, he was made a cardinal in 1535. In 1536 he was put on a ...

Contarini, Gasparo

Contarini, Gasparo (1483–1542)   Reference library

Spencer Weinreich

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
486 words

..., Kardinal Contarini als Kontroverstheologe (Münster, 1949). H. Jedin , ‘Ein “Turmerlebnis” des jungen Contarini’, Hist. J. 70 (1951), 115–30. O. Ferrara , El cardenal Contarini, un gran embajador veneciano (Madrid, 1956). H. Jedin , in DHGE 13 (1956), cols 771–84. H. Mackensen , ‘The Diplomatic Role of Gasparo Cardinal Contarini at the Colloquy of Ratisbon of 1541’, Church History 27 (1958), 312–37. F. Gilbert , Religion and Politics in the Thought of Gasparo Contarini (Princeton, 1969). J. B. Ross , ‘Gasparo Contarini and his...

Contarini, Gasparo

Contarini, Gasparo (1483–1542)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
91 words

..., Gasparo ( 1483–1542 ), cardinal . An adherent of the New Learning, he became famous as a theologian. Though only a layman, he was made a cardinal in 1535 . In 1536 he was put on a commission which was to prepare the way for the Council (of Trent ) and at the Conference of Ratisbon ( 1541 ) he took an active part in this last attempt to secure union with the Lutherans . His mystical experience of 1511 antedated M. Luther ’s famous Turmerlebnis by several...

Contarini, Gasparo

Contarini, Gasparo (1483–1542)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
86 words

..., Gasparo ( 1483–1542 ). Christian cardinal , who led those proposing reform of the Church to Pope Paul III . By 1511 , he had already come to the conclusion that humans are justified by faith, not works, and this conclusion enabled him to view Protestant claims with sympathy. He was papal legate to the Regensburg Colloquy ( 1541 ), where Protestants and Roman Catholics sought terms on which to reunify the Church. Both sides rejected his proposal of double justification . He died a year later as papal governor of...

Contarini, Gasparo

Contarini, Gasparo   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
392 words

..., Gasparo ( 1483–1542 ), Cardinal and political philosopher, born into a Venetian patrician family that provided the republic with eight doges. He was educated at the University of Padua and became a diplomat, representing Venice at the court of the Emperor Charles V and in this capacity attending the Diet of Worms in 1521 , and subsequently serving on missions to England, Spain, and the Vatican. These diplomatic activities on behalf of Venice ( 1520–34 ) came to an end in 1535 , when Pope Paul III created him a cardinal, despite the fact that he...

Contarini, Gasparo

Contarini, Gasparo (1483–1542)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,125 words

...championed by Contarini and his friends was abandoned in the sharpening confessional conflicts of the Counter-Reformation. Primary Source Dittrich, Franz , ed. Regesten und Briefe des Cardinals Gasparo Contarini, 1483–1542 . Braunsberg, 1881. Calendar of letters from and to Contarini. Despite inadequacies and omissions it remains indispensable. Secondary Sources Dittrich, Franz . Gasparo Contarini, 1483–1542: Eine Monographie (1885). Reprint, Nieuwkoop, 1972. Standard older biography. Fragnito, Gigliola . Gasparo Contarini: Un magistrato veneziano...

Gasparo Contarini

Gasparo Contarini  

(1483–1542), cardinal. An adherent of the New Learning, he became famous as a theologian. Though only a layman, he was made a cardinal in 1535. In 1536 he was put on a commission which was to prepare ...
Evangelism

Evangelism  

Is the name given to a distinctive religious movement among Italians of the sixteenth century, significant especially during the 1530s and 1540s. It is not easily defined since it has ...
Consilium De Emendanda Ecclesia

Consilium De Emendanda Ecclesia  

The report of 1537 bears the full title of “Proposal of a Select Commission of Cardinals and Other Prelates Concerning the Reform of the Church, Written and Presented by the ...
myth of Venice

myth of Venice  

A belief, widespread amongst European intellectuals, that fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Venice represented a republican ideal of stability and justice. The republican institutions of Venice were ...
Ludovico Beccadelli

Ludovico Beccadelli  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1501–72).Born in Bologna, he was a humanist and poet, and friend of Giovanni Della Casa. A secretary of cardinals Gasparo Contarini and Reginald Pole, in 1555 he became Archbishop ...
Conference of Regensburg

Conference of Regensburg  

Formerly known in English as the Conference of Ratisbon (from Latin Ratisbona). The city of Regensburg was an important imperial residence, and so was the setting of many imperial diets. ...
Conference of Ratisbon

Conference of Ratisbon  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1541). A conference of three Catholic and three Protestant theologians convened by Charles V at Ratisbon (Regensburg). Though doctrinal agreement was reached on some subjects, including a basis of ...
Julius von Pflug

Julius von Pflug  

(1499–1564), Bp. of Naumburg. His humanistic sympathies made him eager for peace with the Protestants, and to this end he took part in several conferences. He was ready to tolerate a married clergy ...
Bernardino Ochino

Bernardino Ochino  

(1487–1564),Italian Protestant reformer, born in Siena, where he entered the austere Order of Observantine Friars, a reformed Franciscan religious order. He became general of his Order, but in 1534 ...
Johann Gropper

Johann Gropper  

(1503–59), theologian. After attending a synod (1536) called by Hermann, Abp. of Cologne, to combat the teaching of the Reformers, Gropper drew up an Enchiridion in which he put forward an early form ...
double justice

double justice  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A distinction between two kinds of righteousness drawn by some 16th-cent. theologians in an attempt to explain the mystery of justification. The traditional distinction between the justice (or ...
Pietro Pomponazzi

Pietro Pomponazzi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1462–1525)Italian Aristotelian. Originally qualified in medicine, Pomponazzi taught philosophy in Padua and then Bologna, where in 1516 he published the Tractatus de immortalitate animae, a denial ...
Paul III

Paul III  

(1468–1549), Pope from 1534. In his personal life Alessandro Farnese was a typical Renaissance Pope, but he promoted the inner reform of the Church. He created as cardinals men of virtue and ...
Reginald Pole

Reginald Pole  

(1500–58)English cardinal and Archbishop of Canterbury. He held a Yorkist claim to the throne of England through his mother, the Countess of Salisbury. This high birth, combined with his devotion to ...
justification

justification  

In dogmatic theology, the event or process by which a person is made or declared to be righteous in the sight of God. The Latin justificare, from which the English word derives, etymologically ...

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