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Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

(1744–1811), Spanish magistrate, minister, and writer on reform. Jovellanos, who was born into the lesser nobility of the principality of Asturias in northern Spain, was ...

Jovellanos, Gaspar Melchor de

Jovellanos, Gaspar Melchor de (1811)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
572 words

..., Gaspar Melchor de (1744– 1811 ), Spanish magistrate, minister, and writer on reform. Jovellanos, who was born into the lesser nobility of the principality of Asturias in northern Spain, was originally intended for an ecclesiastical career. However, influenced by family and friends who were part of Pedro Rodríguez Campomanes's circle in Madrid, he abandoned this and between 1767 and 1768 was appointed criminal magistrate in Spain's second city, Seville. There he joined the enlightened circle around the reformer Pablo de Olavide and took up...

Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos  

(1744–1811), Spanish magistrate, minister, and writer on reform. Jovellanos, who was born into the lesser nobility of the principality of Asturias in northern Spain, was originally intended for an ...
Campomanes, Pedro Rodriguez

Campomanes, Pedro Rodriguez (1802)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
567 words

...on both the grain trade within Spain, and on trade between Spain and its American colonies from 1765 . His Tratado de la Regalia de Amortización ( Treatise on the Royal Right of Amortization , 1765 ), an attack on church landholding, prompted great efforts in clerical circles to bring him down, but without success. He was also a patron of a younger generation of enlightened reformers, including for example, Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos . Like many other Spanish reformers of the Enlightenment, Campomanes was influenced by earlier Spanish writers, but he...

Liberalism

Liberalism   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
12,170 words

...special privileges and extensive landholdings. The military, another corporation, however, was simultaneously strengthened. There were also mixed results in the economic sphere, even if there were some prominent contemporary liberal thinkers, most notably the Spaniard Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, whose writings were influential for over a century. On the one hand, downplaying the significance of precious metals and emphasizing agriculture indicated a weakening of mercantilist perspective and a strengthening of liberal French Physiocratic ideals. On the other...

Digital Resources: Power of Attorney, A Digital Spatial History of Indigenous Legal Culture in Colonial Oaxaca, Mexico

Digital Resources: Power of Attorney, A Digital Spatial History of Indigenous Legal Culture in Colonial Oaxaca, Mexico   Reference library

Yanna Yannakakis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
9,523 words
Illustration(s):
2

...have when they designated don Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos as their legal representative? According to royal edict, the native cabildos who purchased shares in the Bank of San Carlos were required to grant Jovellanos the power of attorney. The native towns had to pay for the transport of their investment in specie to Spain, where Jovellanos invested it in the bank and nominally represented their interests. 38 That Jovellanos served as legal agent for New Spain’s indigenous investors followed an ironic logic. Jovellanos was an active participant in...

Spain, Poetry of

Spain, Poetry of   Reference library

M. M. Gaylord and J. Mayhew

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
10,335 words

...to the celebration of the pleasures of life. The animal fables in verse of Tomás de Iriarte ( 1750–91 ) and Félix María de Samaniego ( 1745–1801 ) are also worthy of note, although Iriarte is now better regarded than Samaniego. Neither is as significant as Jean de La Fontaine is for Fr. lit. Nicolás Fernández de Moratín ( 1737–80 ) practiced a Horatian aesthetic of instructing and delighting, devoting poems to bullfighting and prostitution. Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos ( 1744–1811 ), the most prominent thinker of his time, also left behind a significant...

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