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Garden of Eden

Subject: Religion

The original home of Adam and Eve (Gen. 2: 8–3: 24).

Eden, Garden of

Eden, Garden of   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16 words

..., Garden of . The original home of Adam and Eve (Gen. 2: 8–3:...

Eden, Garden of

Eden, Garden of   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

..., Garden of In Genesis 2, garden created by God as the home of Adam and Eve . They lived in the garden and enjoyed its fruits without toil, until they were banished for eating the forbidden fruit from the tree of knowledge. The Garden of Eden is mentioned in the Koran and is equated with...

Garden of Eden

Garden of Eden   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
101 words

... of Eden Heb. Gan Eden (Eden is a place-name but the word means ‘fruitful’), the abode of Adam and Eve before they were driven out as a result of their sin (Genesis 2, 3). The prophet Ezekiel refers to Eden as the Garden of God (Ezekiel 28: 13). From the description in Genesis it is obvious that the Garden of Eden is situated on earth. But during the Rabbinic period, Gan Eden and its opposite Gehinnom were names given to the places, respectively, of reward and punishment of the soul after the death of the body ( see HEAVEN AND HELL...

Garden of Eden

Garden of Eden   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... of Eden The garden paradise home of Adam and Eve in the biblical creation story of Genesis , Eden has become a word associated with innocence and pleasure, as in an “edenic” vision. Thus, the “post- edenic” state is the state of humanity after the “original sin,” the “fall” from grace represented by the disobedience of the first man and woman , or perhaps any state of...

Eden, Garden of

Eden, Garden of   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

..., Garden of . The creation of the Garden of Eden is described in the second chapter of the Book of Genesis of the Authorized Version of the Holy Bible: ‘And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food … And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became four heads.’ Attempts to locate the historic site of Eden, and to determine the date of its making, have not been...

Eden, garden of

Eden, garden of   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
149 words

..., garden of The mythical garden planted by God, as described in Genesis chs 2–3, containing the tree of life and the tree of knowledge of good and evil, and watered by four rivers. God puts Adam in the garden to keep it, and creates Eve from Adam's rib. In the story of the Fall, one of the most powerful myths of Western culture, God forbids them to eat of the tree of knowledge on pain of death; Eve, tempted by the serpent, eats the fruit, followed by Adam, so God expels them from the garden to endure labour and mortality. The yearning for the return to a...

Eden, garden of

Eden, garden of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
150 words

..., garden of The mythical garden planted by God, as described in Genesis chs 2–3, containing the tree of life and the tree of knowledge of good and evil, and watered by four rivers. God puts Adam in the garden to keep it, and creates Eve from Adam's rib. In the story of the Fall, one of the most powerful myths of Western culture, God forbids them to eat of the tree of knowledge on pain of death; Eve, tempted by the serpent, eats the fruit, followed by Adam, so God expels them from the garden to endure labour and mortality. The yearning for the return to a...

Eden, Garden of

Eden, Garden of   Reference library

Gordon Campbell

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
187 words

...to search for the site of the garden. Gordon Campbell P. Morris and D. Sawyer (eds), A Walk in the Garden: Biblical, Iconographical and Literary Images of Eden (Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Supplement Series, 136; Sheffield, 1992). J. Barr , The Garden of Eden and the Hope of Immortality (London, 1992). E. Lipinski , ‘The Bilingual Inscription from Tell Fekherye’, in Studies in Aramaic Inscriptions and Onomastics 2 (Leuven, 1994). B. Wilensky-Laford , Paradise Lust: Searching for the Garden of Eden (New York,...

EDEN, GARDEN OF

EDEN, GARDEN OF   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
601 words

..., GARDEN OF . Occasionally called “the garden of YHVH” ( Gn. 13.10; Is. 51.3) and “the garden of Elohim” ( Ez. 28.13, 31.8–9). According to the biblical tale, God planted a garden in Eden ( Gn. 2.8–3.24) and charged Adam with tending it. It was watered by a river that parted into four streams: Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, and Euphrates. Here Eve induced Adam to eat with her the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil , though this was forbidden by God. Thus they gained a new insight into life but at the same time forfeited God’s trust. Humans were...

Eden, Garden of

Eden, Garden of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
275 words

..., Garden of In the OT, after God had created the world and man, He ‘planted a garden in Eden, in the east; and there he put the man whom he had formed. Out of the ground the Lord God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food, the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil’ (NRSV Gen. 2: 8–9; AV is virtually identical; Vg. has ‘And the Lord God had planted a paradise of pleasure from the beginning: wherein he placed man whom he had formed’). In art, the Garden of Eden is virtually...

Eden, The Garden of

Eden, The Garden of   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Religion
Length:
322 words

...of the unbroken relationships between God and humans, and between humans and nature, which no longer obtained after the first couple's disobedience. The image of the garden of Eden reappears in somewhat altered form in the later prophets. The expulsion from Eden functions as a metaphor for the coming judgment against the nations (Tyre and Egypt), and for the coming judgment of the day of the Lord. The garden of Eden is also an image of promise: in parallel with “the garden of the Lord,” Eden appears in Isaiah 51.3 as a metaphor for the renewal of the land of...

Eden, The Garden of

Eden, The Garden of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
346 words

..., The Garden of . A garden of trees and lush vegetation planted by God and occupied by Adam and Eve ( Gen. 2–3 ). The meaning of the word “Eden” in Hebrew is uncertain. Some scholars connect it with a Sumerian word meaning “wilderness” or “plain,” while others have proposed a derivation from the Hebrew word for “delight” or “pleasure.” Thus, Eden came to be identified as an ideal garden of delight, or paradise . The location of the garden of Eden that the author of Genesis had in mind is difficult to determine. Genesis 2.8 places the garden “in the...

Garden of Eden

Garden of Eden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The original home of Adam and Eve (Gen. 2: 8–3: 24).
Text in Context

Text in Context   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,078 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...46: 4 , the probable association of Jerusalem (though the city is not named) with a river with streams, is more reminiscent of the picture of Ezekiel 47 (noted above) than of the actual situation. The small stream emerging from the Gihon spring hardly fits the description. But that the depiction may owe something to the tradition of the river which flowed out of the Garden of Eden and split into four branches, one of which is named as Gihon ( Gen. 2: 10–14 ) is certainly a possibility. Jerusalem is perhaps being likened to Eden. The oracle preserved in Isaiah...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,935 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Review , many of them on German literature. Although most of the notices of Kant's work were not particularly sophisticated, they nevertheless created the impression of a philosophy that claimed to transform metaphysics. Given this history of reception, it is hardly startling to find Kant firmly ensconced at the centre of De Quincey's version of the new German literature. What is surprising, however, is that De Quincey places him at the tree of knowledge, not at the tree of life. In a Romantic reworking of the story of the Garden of Eden, one would expect...

Additions to Daniel

Additions to Daniel   Reference library

George J. Brooke and George J. Brooke

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,923 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...author; Engel 1985 : 126 ) who have given in when a daughter of Judah would not; Susanna is also called a daughter of Israel in v. 48 . The second elder declares that Susanna and her supposed lover were under an oak ( prinos ). Daniel declares the sentence: he will be split in two ( priō ). Two trees also feature in the Garden of Eden story ( Gen 2:17; 3:22 ) as does the sword ( Gen 3:24; cf. Num 22:31 ). vv. 60–2 , postlude. v. 60 , the assembly ( sunagōgē ) blesses God for saving those who hope in him. v. 61 , the two elders receive the punishment they...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...numbers of women and men. The poor, whatever their employment, had no property other than their own physical strength, yet during most of the eighteenth century *philanthropists and projectors devised schemes in the belief that the poor literally created national wealth in the form of population and commerce, and were thus the benefactors of the rich. The history of Samuel Price , an ‘honest and industrious’ Monmouth labourer, as narrated by Frederick *Eden in his The State of the Poor ( 1797 ), illustrates the different meanings of being poor....

Setting of the Genesis Stories

Setting of the Genesis Stories   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,161 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

... Setting of the Genesis Stories The Book of Genesis is set against a wide geographical background. At first, the setting is Mesopotamia. The story of the Garden of Eden mentions a river flowing from the garden which divided into four rivers branches, two of which are the great rivers which gave Mesopotamia its name (‘between the rivers’), the Tigris and the Euphrates ( Gen. 2: 14 ). The other rivers mentioned there cannot be identified with certainty. The story of the Tower of Babel ( Gen. 11: 1–9...

In the Beginning: The Earliest History

In the Beginning: The Earliest History   Reference library

Michael D. Coogan

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,305 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...authors of Genesis 1–11 , then, the accounts of creation, of the Garden of Eden, of the Flood, were historical as well, connected by genealogy with their own more immediate past. The “generations of the heavens and the earth” ( Gen. 2.4 ), the creation of the world, became the first of a series of births, summarized periodically in the lists occurring throughout the book of Genesis of the descendants of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Esau, and finally Jacob, whose name is changed to Israel. These genealogies join as in a continuous history the birth of the...

The Winter’s Tale

The Winter’s Tale   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,428 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...use of close-up asides to camera. Anthony Davies Recent major editions Recent major editions Stephen Orgel (Oxford, 1996); J. H. P. Pafford (Arden, 1963); Ernest Schanzer (New Penguin, 1969) Some representative criticism Barber, C. L. , in Shakespeare’s Festive Comedy (1959) Bartholomeusz, Dennis , ‘ The Winter’s Tale’ on the Stage in England and America, 1611–1976 (1982) Belsey, Catherine , in Shakespeare and the Loss of Eden (1999) Bishop, T. G. , in Shakespeare and the Theatre of Wonder (1996) Bristol, Michael , ‘In Search of the...

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