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Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Anxiety

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Anxiety   Reference library

Steven J. Petruzzello

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...). Of all cases of anxiety disorder, roughly 22.8% were deemed severe, 33.7% were moderate, and 43.5% were mild ( Kessler et al., 2005 ). Although Kessler et al. ( 2005 ) caution against interpreting temporal trends, anxiety disorders continue to be the most prevalent of the mental disorders ( Bandelow & Michaelis, 2015 ; Steel et al., 2014 ). The cost of such prevalent anxiety disorders is quite significant, beyond the human suffering that cannot be measured. This includes both direct medical costs (e.g., counseling, hospitalization, emergency room...

Blood Pressure as a Biomarker in Gerontological Research

Blood Pressure as a Biomarker in Gerontological Research   Reference library

Thomas M. Hess, Erica L. O’Brien, and Claire M. Growney

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
13,685 words

...tissue, or brain atrophy (e.g., deCarli et al., 1999 ; Hofman, Grobbee, de Jong, & van den Ouweland, 1991 ; Swan et al., 1998 ). On the other hand, low levels of blood pressure, or declines in blood pressure with age, have been associated with brain atrophy (e.g., Swan et al., 2000 ), with the effects being stronger for DBP and in those older than 85 ( den Heijer et al., 2003 ; Skoog, Andreasson, Landahl, & Lernfelt, 1998 ). For example, older adults whose DBP declined more than 10 mmHg over the course of 20 years had more cortical atrophy...

Biodiversity Metrics in Lifespan Developmental Methodology

Biodiversity Metrics in Lifespan Developmental Methodology   Reference library

Lizbeth Benson and Nilam Ram

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
15,530 words
Illustration(s):
10

...developmental inquiry. Research in Human Development , 11 , 75–90. Gesell, A. , & Ames, L. B. (1940). The ontogenetic organization of prone behavior in human infancy. The Pedagogical Seminary and Journal of Genetic Psychology , 56 , 247–263. Gini, C. (1955). Variabilità e mutabilità. In E. Pizetti & T. Salvemini (Eds.), Memorie di metodologica statistica . Rome, Italy: Libreria Eredi Virgilio Veschi. Gottlieb, G. (2007). Probabilistic epigenesis. Developmental Science , 10 (1), 1–11. Gross, J. J. , & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences...

Psychological Considerations for Paralympic Athletes

Psychological Considerations for Paralympic Athletes   Reference library

Jeffrey Martin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
9,838 words
Illustration(s):
1

...players’ mental skills and sport engagement. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology , 7 , 253–263. Martin, J. J. , Malone, L. A. , & Hilyer, J. C. (2011). Personality and mood in women’s paralympic basketball champions. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology , 5 , 197–210. Martin, J. J. , & Wheeler, G. (2011). Psychology. In Y. Vanlandewijck & W. R. Thompson (Eds.). The Paralympic athlete (pp. 116–136). London, UK: Wiley–Blackwell. Martin, L. , & Ridler, G. (2014). The impact of retirement status on athletic identity and performance...

Motivation in Sport and Performance

Motivation in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Glyn C. Roberts, Christina G. L. Nerstad, and P. Nicolas Lemyre

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...L. , & Williams, G. C. (2008). Facilitating health behavior change and its maintenance: Interventions based on self-determination theory. European Health Psychologist , 10 , 2–5. Ryan, R. M. , Sheldon, K. M. , Kasser, T. , & Deci, E. L. (1996). All goals are not created equal: An organismic perspective on the nature of goals and their regulation. In P. M. Gollwitzer & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), The psychology of action: Linking cognition and motivation to behavior (pp. 7–26). New York, NY: Guilford Press. Ryan, R. M. , Williams, G. C. , Patrick, M....

Mixed Methods Research in Adult Development and Aging

Mixed Methods Research in Adult Development and Aging   Reference library

Joseph E. Gaugler, Colleen M. Peterson, Lauren L. Mitchell, Jessica Finlay, and Eric Jutkowitz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
30,059 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Nursing, 11, 107–120. To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and potential effectiveness of Dignity Therapy to improve quality of life and reduce psychological and spiritual distress in older people with early stage dementia 27 participants (7 people with dementia; 7 family members; 7 stakeholder participants; 6 focus group members) 8 months Herth Hope Index (HHI); Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI); perceived quality of life and satisfaction with life ratings QUAL + quan* Results Jones, V. C., Gielen, A. C., Bailey, M. M., Rebok, G. W.,...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe   Reference library

Stiliani “Ani” Chroni and Frank Abrahamsen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

... Athletic Insight , 7 (3). Retrieved from http://www.athleticinsight.com/Vol7Iss3/CulturalPraxis.htm . Ryba, T. V. , & Stambulova, N. B. (2016). Russia. In R. J. Schinke , K. R. McGannon , & B. Smith (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of sport psychology (pp. 9–19). New York, NY: Routledge. Ryba, T. V. , Stambulova, N. , Si, G. , & Schinke, R. J. (2013). ISSP position stand: Culturally competent research and practice in sport and exercise psychology . International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 11 , 123–142. Ryba, T. V...

Psychological Considerations of Adolescents in Sport and Performance

Psychological Considerations of Adolescents in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Katherine A. Tamminen and Courtney Braun

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
14,022 words
Illustration(s):
1

...E. , Stams, G. , Biesta, G. , & Hoeksma, J. B. (2011). Predictors of antisocial and prosocial behavior in an adolescent sports context . Social Development , 20 , 294–315. Ryan, R. M. , & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being . American Psychology , 55 , 68–78. Sagar, S. S. , & Lavallee, D. (2010). The developmental origins of fear of failure in adolescent athletes: Examining parental practices . Psychology of Sport and Exercise , 11 , 177–187. Scanlan...

Memory Rehabilitation in Healthy Aging

Memory Rehabilitation in Healthy Aging   Reference library

Nicole D. Anderson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
7,973 words

...and processes. Working Memory Training. Interest in working memory training in healthy older adults began with the study by Dahlin et al. ( 2008 ) , who examined working memory performance before and after 5 weeks of working memory training ( n = 11) involving six different updating tasks, compared to a no-contact control group ( n = 8). The behavioral outcome measures included one of the trained tasks, as well as an untrained N -back task. Compared to the control group, training induced performance gains for the trained task, but not for the N...

Psychological Assessment of Older Persons

Psychological Assessment of Older Persons   Reference library

Jarred Gallegos, Julie Lutz, Emma Katz, and Barry Edelstein

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
11,255 words

...can precede, present with, or be a reaction to a physical disease (e.g., arthritis, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; see Lutz, Gallegos, & Edelstein, 2018 ). Depressive Disorders. Approximately 7.5% of the world’s female population age 55 to 74 years and 5.5% of males in the same age group had major depressive disorder in 2015 (MDD; World Health Organization, 2017a ). Rates of MDD among medical populations range from 10% to 15% and from 5% to 25% in long-term care settings ( Seitz, Purandare, & Conn, 2010...

Arousal Control in Sport

Arousal Control in Sport   Reference library

Martin Turner and Marc Jones

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

... 39 , 1–11. Parfitt, C. G. , Jones, J. G. , & Hardy, L. (1990). Multidimensional anxiety and performance. In J. G. Jones & L. Hardy (Eds.), Stress and performance in sport (pp. 43–80). Chichester, UK: Wiley. Prapavessis, H. , Grove, J. R. , McNair, P. J. , & Cable, N. T. (1992). Self-regulation training, state anxiety, and sport performance: A psychophysiological case study. The Sport Psychologist , 6 , 213–229. Raglin, J. (1992) Anxiety and sport performance. In J. O. Holloszy (Ed.), Exercise & sport science reviews (Vol. 20, pp....

Evaluation of Psychological Interventions in Sport and Exercise Settings

Evaluation of Psychological Interventions in Sport and Exercise Settings   Reference library

Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Jedediah E. Blanton

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...and Comar ( 1994 ) identified 10 additional published PST intervention studies categorized into two areas: cognitive and cognitive-behavioral. Of these 45 studies, 38 (85%) concluded that PST interventions were effective in enhancing performance in competitive situations, and causality (i.e., the intervention caused improvement in performance) could be inferred in 20 (45%) of the studies. Greenspan and Feltz ( 1989 ) noted that positive results were reported in all 11 cognitive-restructuring interventions and in 7 of the 9 relaxation-based...

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Depression

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Depression   Reference library

Felipe B. Schuch and Brendon Stubbs

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

..., 128 (6), 1340–1351. Ferrari, A. J. , Charlson, F. J. , Norman, R. E. , Patten, S. B. , Freedman, G. , Murray, C. J. L. , et al. (2013). Burden of depressive disorders by country, sex, age, and year: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 . PLoS Medicine , 10 (11), 1–12. Fuqua, J. S. , & Rogol, A. D. (2013). Neuroendocrine alterations in the exercising human: Implications for energy homeostasis . Metabolism , 62 (7), 911–921. Gleeson, M. , Bishop, N. C. , Stensel, D. J. , Lindley, M. R. , Mastana, S. S. , & Nimmo, M....

Anxiety and Fear in Sport and Performance

Anxiety and Fear in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Shuge Zhang, Tim Woodman, and Ross Roberts

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...K. J. (2015). Reinvestment, task complexity and decision making under pressure in basketball . Psychology of Sport and Exercise , 20 , 11–19. Krane, V. (1994). The mental readiness form as a measure of competitive state anxiety. The Sport Psychologist , 8 , 189–202. Laërtius, D. (1925). Epicurus ( R. D. Hicks , Trans.). In R. D. Hicks (Ed.), Lives and opinions of eminent philosophers , volume II: Book 6–10 (pp. 528–678). Loeb Classical Library 185. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Lam, W. K. , Maxwell, J. P. , & Masters, R. (2009)...

Working Memory and Cognitive Aging

Working Memory and Cognitive Aging   Reference library

Paul Verhaeghen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
7,144 words

...storage of information: Older adults’ capacity in such tasks is on average 92% that of the capacity of younger adults (e.g., while younger adults had an average digit span score of 7.6, older adults’ average digit span score was 7.1). These differences are magnified in true working memory tasks, where performance of older adults on average reaches only 74% that of younger adults (e.g., younger adults had average reading span scores of 3.5 compared to 3.0 for older adults). In a meta-analysis focusing on studies that used the full adult age range (with mostly,...

Exercise and Mental Health Benefits

Exercise and Mental Health Benefits   Reference library

Aaron L. Slusher and Edmund O. Acevedo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

..., 4 , 71–77. Hollon, S. D. , DeRubeis, R. J. , Shelton, R. C. , Amsterdam, J. D. , Salomon, R. M. , O’Reardon, J. P. , … Freeman, B. B. (2005). Prevention of relapse following cognitive therapy vs. medications in moderate to severe depression. Archives of General Psychiatry , 62 , 417–422. Heggelund, J. , Kleppe, K. D. , Morken, G. , & Vedul-Kjelsås, E. (2014). High aerobic intensity training and psychological states in patients with depression or schizophrenia. Frontiers in Psychiatry , 5 , 1–8. Heggelund, J. , Nilsberg, G. E. , Hoff,...

Life Space in Older Adults

Life Space in Older Adults   Reference library

Markus Wettstein, Hans-Werner Wahl, and Michael Schwenk

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
10,879 words
Illustration(s):
1

...age . Psychology and Aging , 15 , 417–436. Lövdén, M. , Ghisletta, P. , & Lindenberger, U. (2004). Cognition in the Berlin Aging Study (BASE): The first 10 years . Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition , 11 , 104–133. Lövdén, M. , Ghisletta, P. , & Lindenberger, U. (2005). Social participation attenuates decline in perceptual speed in old and very old age. Psychology and Aging , 20 , 423–434. Lynch, S. M. (2003). Cohort and life-course patterns in the relationship between education and health: A hierarchical approach . Demography , 40 , 309–331...

Neurocognitive Aging and Functional Connectivity Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Neurocognitive Aging and Functional Connectivity Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging   Reference library

Hana Burianová

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
8,204 words

...N. , Ersner-Hershfield, H. , Samanez-Larkin, G. R. , …  Nesselroade, J. R. (2011). Emotional experience improves with age: Evidence based on over 10 years of experience sampling. Psychology and Aging , 26 , 21–33. Chadick, J. Z. , Zanto, T. P. , & Gazzaley, A. (2014). Structural and functional differences in medial prefrontal cortex underlie distractibility and suppression deficits in ageing. Nature Communications , 5 , 4223. Chan, M. Y. , Park, D. C. , Savalia, N. K. , Petersen, S. E. , & Wig, G. S. (2014). Decreased segregation of brain...

The Roles of Psychological Stress, Physical Activity, and Dietary Modifications on Cardiovascular Health Implications

The Roles of Psychological Stress, Physical Activity, and Dietary Modifications on Cardiovascular Health Implications   Reference library

Chun-Jung Huang, Matthew J. McAllister, and Aaron L. Slusher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
12,608 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Sciences and Medical Sciences , 58 (3), B212–B219. Bolner, A. , Micciolo, R. , Bosello, O. , & Nordera, G. P. (2015). A panel of oxidative stress markers in Parkinson’s disease. Clinical Laboratory , 62 (1–2), 105–112. Bonnefont-Rousselot, D. (2016). Resveratrol and cardiovascular diseases. Nutrients , 8 (5), 250. Bories, G. , Caiazzo, R. , Derudas, B. , Copin, C. , Raverdy, V. , Pigeyre, M. , … Chinetti-Gbaguidi, G. (2012). Impaired alternative macrophage differentiation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from obese subjects. ...

Subjective Aging and Health

Subjective Aging and Health   Reference library

Gerben J. Westerhof and Susanne Wurm

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
8,631 words

... 660 63 Survival 23 + Levy et al. ( 2002 ) OLSAR US 433 62 Functional health 20 + Maier and Smith ( 1999 ) BASE FRG 513 85 Survival 4.5 + Moser et al. ( 2011 ) LC65+ CHE 883–1,053 69 Basic and instrumental ADL, falls, hospitalizations 1 + Sargent-Cox et al. ( 2012 ) ALSA AUS 1,212 77 Physical functioning 16 + Sargent-Cox et al. ( 2013 ) ALSA AUS 1,507 77 Survival 15 + Siebert et al. ( 2018 ) ILSE FRG 352 63 Fluid and crystallized cognitive...

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