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Judaism

Judaism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
7,790 words

...Batra 2:4, 9). 5. Children deserve full educational opportunities; thus the educational system is the responsibility of the entire community (Babylonian Talmud, Bava Batra 21). 6. Communal responsibility to establish laws for the common good (e.g., fair business practices) and to punish those who would violate them falls upon all members (Babylonian Talmud, Bava Batra 8). 7. Laws and discussions govern the rights of laborers, who are to be paid appropriately for their work and treated with respect (Babylonian Talmud, Bava Metzia 77, 20a). 8. Communal...

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
6,636 words

...under the ICESCR and to reduce redundant reporting under the various treaty bodies. The guidelines require detailed factual data. Under the provisions regarding the right to work in Article 7, for example, the guidelines request a description of the machinery for setting and adjusting minimum wages, as well as a breakdown of the “average and minimum wages 10 years ago, 5 years ago and at present, set against the … cost of living.” In addition, the CESCR meets with representatives of the country after its review. During this meeting, which is open to the...

United Nations General Assembly

United Nations General Assembly   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
5,754 words

...50,000 1.3 0.1 1960 72,969,300 2,302,275 100,000 3.2 0.1 1966 130,314,320 3,233,000 220,000 2.5 0.2 1970 168,956,950 4,270,100 220,000 2.5 0.1 1975 372,907,900 7,972,700 3,211,000 2.1 0.9 1980 623,869,600 13,651,400 5,215,500 2.2 0.8 1985 855,900,600 18,350,700 7,039,050 2.1 0.8 1990 987,317,000 19,430,150 9,522,100 2.0 1.0 1995 1,304,137,000 25,069,550 24,000,000 1.9 1.8 2000 1,267,814,900 19,419,450 19,533,850 1.5 1.5 2005 1,589,598,050 17,320,500 32,285,650 1.1 2.0 S ource : UN budgets published in Yearbook of the United Nations . Assembly majorities have...

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
5,332 words

...$20.7 million total costs in 2007 . Among the various divisions and programs, the greatest funding that year went to Africa ($4 million), followed by Europe and Central Asia ($3.4 million), Asia ($2.9 million), Middle East and North Africa ($2.2 million), children's rights ($1.6 million), the Americas ($1.4 million), women's rights ($1.4 million), and international justice ($1.2 million). Other research undertakings combined totaled approximately $8 million. In terms of central administration, $1.9 million went to management and general services and $6.5...

Disability Rights

Disability Rights   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
13,025 words

...and humanity; (5) equality of opportunity; (6) accessibility; (7) equality between men and women; and (8) respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities (Article 3). The new Convention builds on previous international and regional human rights instruments in several significant ways. First, the Convention acknowledges the widespread discrimination and mistreatment that at least 650 million people with disabilities (or 10 percent of the world's...

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