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blood chemistry tests

blood chemistry tests  

Blood tests that measure the levels of chemicals in the blood (e.g. glucose, lactate, or performance-enhancing drugs).
coactive sports

coactive sports  

Sports in which athletes perform side by side with little interaction (e.g. archery and sprinting). Compare interactive sports.
shoulder-girdle depression

shoulder-girdle depression  

Movement of the shoulder girdle from an elevated position (e.g. when shrugging shoulders) back to the anatomical position.
percentage change in maximal aerobic power

percentage change in maximal aerobic power  

A measure of the effect of ageing on aerobic fitness. The percentage change in maximal aerobic power: (VO2max) = VO2max at age x years—VO2max at age x + y years/VO2max at x years × 100. Maximal ...
morbidity rate

morbidity rate  

The incidence of a particular disease or disorder in a population, usually expressed as cases per 100 000 or per million in one year.
menstrual adjustment

menstrual adjustment  

The use of hormones (e.g. oestrogen and progesterone found in contraceptive pills) or their synthetic analogues, to adjust the time of menstruation in a female athlete so that important competition ...
fibre

fibre  

1 The indigestible part of plants consisting of non-starch, structural polysaccharides including cellulose, hemicellulose, gums, pectin, and lignin. Nutritionists divide fibre into two main types: ...
clavicle fracture

clavicle fracture  

A fracture that commonly occurs when a person falls onto an outstretched arm, for example, when falling off a horse. It may also occur from a direct impact with another athlete or obstacle. Fractures ...
hyphaema

hyphaema  

Bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye. In sport, it is usually caused by trauma with a blunt object (e.g. elbow). See also eye injuries.
LSD training

LSD training  

Long-slow duration training performed at 60–80% of maximal heart rate (seldom above 160 beats min−1 for a young athlete and 140 beats min−1 for an older athlete). This form of continuous training is ...
lamotrigine

lamotrigine  

An anticonvulsant phenyltriazine drug, used to treat partial epileptic seizures. Thought to stabilize neuronal membranes by acting on voltage-sensitive sodium channels and thereby inhibiting the ...
apophysis

apophysis  

A prominent bony outgrowth projecting from the surface of a bone upon which it has never been able to move, and from which it has never been separated, e.g. a process, tubercle or tuberosity. ...
abduction

abduction  

Movement of a body segment (e.g. arm or leg) away from the midline of the body. The term also refers to the movement of fingers or toes when they are spread apart. Compare adduction.
flexor tendinitis I

flexor tendinitis I  

1 Inflammation of the tendons of the flexor muscles that run along the top of the foot. Flexor tendinitis is characterized by pain and a puffy swelling on top of the foot: the pain intensifies during ...
lactate threshold

lactate threshold  

The point during exercise of increasing intensity at which blood lactate begins to accumulate significantly above resting levels. There are several different methods of estimating the threshold. They ...
fibula

fibula  

(fib-yoo-lă)the long thin outer bone of the lower leg. The head of the fibula articulates with the tibia just below the knee; the lower end projects laterally and articulates with one side of the ...
carbohydrate loading

carbohydrate loading  

A procedure followed by some athletes to raise the glycogen content of skeletal muscle artificially by following a special diet, usually combined with a special exercise regime. One carbohydrate ...
ageism

ageism  

Discrimination or prejudice against persons on the basis of their age.
sports medicine

sports medicine  

A specialty concerned with the treatment of sports injuries and measures designed to prevent or minimize them (e.g. in the design of sports equipment).
scruple

scruple n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
21 words

... n. a unit of weight used in pharmacy. 1 scruple = 1.295 g (20 grains). 3 scruples = 1...

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