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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,317 words
Illustration(s):
2

...than achieving increases in productivity. The main commercial crop is cotton. Burkina Faso is one of the region’s leading producers, and cotton brings in around 15 per cent of export income. Other cash crops include shea nuts, sesame seeds, and sugar cane. Even so, only around 20 per cent of the land is under cultivation: much of the rest of the territory, particularly in the north, is given over to livestock, largely for export to neighbouring countries such as Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire. The economy of Burkina Faso is being transformed by the exploitation of...

Cuba

Cuba   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,453 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and by 2015 production was up to 1.6 million tonnes. Tobacco was the other main source of income but in this case production has increased. Other crops, including rice, fruit, and vegetables, have also done better. Cuba’s land reform created state farms, but also left around 20 per cent of the land with smallholders and cooperatives. Since then most state farms have been dissolved and transformed into ‘Unidades Básicas de Producción Cooperativa’ ( UBPCs ). This involves the government leasing land rent-free to former workers running financially...

Gabon

Gabon   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,266 words
Illustration(s):
2

...In the rural areas services for health and education are in a poor state. Although water supplies have improved and the infant mortality rate has started to fall, less than half of children are vaccinated. Life expectancy is lower than would be expected. Even in the urban areas 20 per cent of the population live below the poverty line. There are also many foreign workers—around one-fifth of the workforce—who come from neighbouring countries to perform the more menial tasks. The economy Agriculture is largely for subsistence, but only around 2 per cent of...

Niger

Niger   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,328 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Niger Basic information Land area: 1,267,000 sq. km People: Hausa 53%, Djerma 21%, Tuareg 11%, Fulani 7%, other 8% Language: French, Hausa, Djerma Religion: Muslim 80%, indigenous beliefs and Christian 20% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 21.28 million Percentage urban: 18.7% Population estimate for 2035: 41.87 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 62.9 (F), 61.1 (M) Capital city: Niamey, 1.1 million Currency: CFA franc Major exports: uranium, refined petroleum, gold, livestock, vegetables ...

Serbia

Serbia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,415 words
Illustration(s):
2

...wine industry. With further investment, yields could be improved. The agreement to give Serbia free access to the EU is helping its economy recover, but it still faces many problems including high government expenditure, a growing national debt, high unemployment of around 20 per cent, and a large black economy. Expenditure cuts and austerity measures will be needed to secure full IMF support to improve Serbia’s fiscal position. Contemporary politics The country’s political history from the mid-1980s to 2000 was dominated by Slobodan Milošević —a former...

North America

North America: c. 30,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...arts Film United States 1930 1930 Edward G. Robinson gives a chilling portrayal of a gangster loosely based on Al Capone in the film Little Caesar Robinson, Edward G. New Oxford American Dictionary 3 1930s 20th century Performing arts Film United States 1930 1930 Garbo talks' and breaks box office records in her first sound film, Anna Christie , directed by Clarence Brown Garbo, Greta (1905–1990) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1930s 20th century Performing arts Film United States 1930 1930 In his novel As I Lay Dying William Faulkner follows the...

South Africa (republic)

South Africa (republic): c. 600 BCE - 2008  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Africa on the death of J.G. Strijdom Verwoerd, Hendrik Frensch (b. 8 Sept. 1901) A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1950s 20th century Politics Africa South Africa 1959 1959 The Transkei becomes the first African homeland, or Bantustan, within South Africa Bantustan A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1950s 20th century Politics Africa South Africa 1960 1960 UK prime minister Harold Macmillan, in Cape Town, warns the white settlers of Africa that 'the wind of change' is blowing through their continent 1960s 20th century Politics Protest...

United States

United States: c. 30,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Companion to the American Musical 1 1930s 20th century Performing arts Film North America 1930 1930 Edward G. Robinson gives a chilling portrayal of a gangster loosely based on Al Capone in the film Little Caesar Robinson, Edward G. New Oxford American Dictionary 3 1930s 20th century Performing arts Film North America 1930 1930 Garbo talks' and breaks box office records in her first sound film, Anna Christie , directed by Clarence Brown Garbo, Greta (1905–1990) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1930s 20th century Performing arts Film North America...

South Africa

South Africa: c. 15 million years ago - 2010  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...20th century Politics War Portuguese empire Africa Empires 1957 1957 The FNLA is established, with US support, as a guerrilla group to fight for a non-communist independent Angola Angola A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1950s 20th century Politics War European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Cold war Africa Europe Empires Wars since 1900 1958 1958 Hendrik Verwoerd becomes prime minister of South Africa on the death of J.G. Strijdom Verwoerd, Hendrik Frensch (b. 8 Sept. 1901) A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1950s 20th...

Britain

Britain: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...3 Edwardian era 1900s 20th century Literature English literature Literature in English Fiction War Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe 1903 1903 Ernest Rutherford and Frederick Soddy identify the phenomenon of radioactive half-life half-life World Encyclopedia 1 Edwardian era 1900s 20th century Science Physics War Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe 1903 1903 British philosopher G.E. Moore publishes Principia Ethica , an attempt to apply logic to ethics Moore, G. E. (1873–1958) The...

British Isles

British Isles: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...and Frederick Soddy identify the phenomenon of radioactive half-life half-life World Encyclopedia 1 Edwardian era 1900s 20th century Science Physics War Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 Europe Britain 1903 1903 British philosopher G.E. Moore publishes Principia Ethica , an attempt to apply logic to ethics Moore, G. E. (1873–1958) The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English 1 Edwardian era 1900s 20th century Literature English literature Literature in English Philosophy War Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom -...

Europe

Europe: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Modern and Contemporary Art 2 1910s 20th century Arts Painting French painting French art France 1910 1910 A republican revolution in Portugal deposes Manuel II, bringing to an end the Braganza dynasty and the Portuguese monarchy Portugal A Dictionary of World History 2 1910s 20th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Portugal 1910 1910 H.G. Wells publishes The History of Mr Polly , a novel about an escape from drab everyday existence Wells, H. G. (1866–1946) The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature 3 1910s 20th century Literature English...

Africa

Africa: c. 15 million years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...of Contemporary World History 3 1950s 20th century Politics Conquest and colonization European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa French empire West Africa Europe Empires 1958 1958 Sekou Touré, the first president of Guinea, settles in for twenty-six years of dictatorial rule Touré, Ahmed Sékou (9 Jan. 1922) A Dictionary of Political Biography 1 rev 1950s 20th century Politics Conquest and colonization West Africa 1958 1958 Hendrik Verwoerd becomes prime minister of South Africa on the death of J.G. Strijdom Verwoerd, Hendrik Frensch (b. 8...

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