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Timon of Athens

Timon of Athens   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,245 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...major editions G. R. Hibbard (New Penguin, 1970); Karl Klein (New Cambridge, 2001); John Jowett (Oxford, 2004); John Jowett , in Thomas Middleton: The Collected Works (2007); Anthony Dawson and Gretchen Minton (Arden, 3rd series, 2008) Some representative criticism Empson, William , ‘Timon’s Dog’, in The Structure of Complex Words (1951) Goldberg, Jonathan , in Sodometries: Renaissance Texts, Modern Sexualities (1992) Jackson, MacDonald P. , Studies in Attribution: Middleton and Shakespeare (1979) Knight, G. Wilson , in The...

All’s Well That Ends Well

All’s Well That Ends Well   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,814 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Dillon (Penguin, 2005) Susan Snyder (Oxford, 1993) Some representative criticism Arthos, J. , ‘The Comedy of Generation’, Essays in Criticism , 5 (1955) Cole, H. G. , The ‘All’s Well’ Story from Boccaccio to Shakespeare (1981) Maguire, Laurie , and Smith, Emma , ‘Many hands. A new Shakespeare collaboration?’, Times Literary Supplement (20 April 2012) Price, J. G. , The Unfortunate Comedy (1968) Smallwood, R. L. , ‘The Design of All’s Well That Ends Well’, Shakespeare Survey 25 (1972) Styan, J. L. , Shakespeare in Performance: All’s...

The Taming of the Shrew

The Taming of the Shrew   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,052 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...his wedding to Bianca and Hortensio’s to the Widow; after the three brides leave the chamber, each husband bets 20 crowns that his wife will return most obediently when summoned. Bianca and the Widow refuse to come, but Katherine comes immediately, and at Petruccio’s bidding fetches the other two wives, throws off her hat, and preaches a long homily on wifely obedience, thereby winning him the wager. A delighted Baptista adds another 20,000 crowns to Petruccio’s winnings. (In The Taming of a Shrew , Sly, now asleep, is put back into his own clothes and...

Troilus and Cressida

Troilus and Cressida   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,065 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of different accounts: George Chapman’s translation Seven Books of the Iliads of Homer (from which Shakespeare drew the character of Thersites, though not his actions); William Caxton ’s Recuyell of the Histories of Troy ( 1475 ) and John Lydgate ’s Troy Book ( c. 1412–20 ), both derived from a common Italian original (these supplied material for most of the play’s battle scenes and the debate in Troy, among much else); and Ovid ’s Metamorphoses (from which Shakespeare derived his opposition between the intelligent Ulysses and the ‘blockish’...

The Two Gentlemen of Verona

The Two Gentlemen of Verona   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,682 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...gesture, whether in terms of Renaissance views on the relative claims of friendship, love, and gratitude, or in terms of the literary conventions of courtly romance. It is noticeable that the play has been consistently more highly regarded on the Continent than in Britain, with G. G. Gervinus among its few 19th-century advocates (drawing attention, in Shakespeare , 1849–50 , to its sophisticated use of parallelism, a subject taken up a century later in an important essay by Harold F. Brooks ). H. B. Charlton , in his influential account of Shakespearian...

The Two Noble Kinsmen

The Two Noble Kinsmen   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,335 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...not only Pericles but Thomas Heywood ’s The Golden Age , The Silver Age , and The Brazen Age . Critical history: Although some 19th-century critics accepted the quarto’s attribution, The Two Noble Kinsmen was generally accepted into the Shakespeare canon only in the 20th century, and much critical writing about it continues to be preoccupied with the question of its authorship. Its restoration to the Shakespeare corpus, however, coincided with modernism ’s high valuation for the complexities of Shakespeare’s later style and with the ritual...

Coriolanus

Coriolanus   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,020 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...violating poetic justice. During the 19th century and the first part of the 20th much criticism of the play was similarly dedicated to showing how and why it was inferior to the earlier tragedies, with A. C. Bradley commenting on the critical distance Shakespeare maintains between audience and characters by ironic humour and Harley Granville-Barker praising the play’s supreme, focused craftsmanship at the expense of its vitality. Frank Harris pioneered one recurrent strain in 20th-century criticism in The Women in Shakespeare ( 1911 ) when he claimed...

The Rape of Lucrece

The Rape of Lucrece   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,732 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...ignored throughout the 18th century, and despite Coleridge ’s grudging admission of its eloquence most 19th-century readers were more interested in the Dedication’s hints at the nature of Shakespeare’s relationship with Southampton than in the poem’s literary qualities. In the 20th century, however, it was at least partly rehabilitated, although much criticism has concentrated on its anticipation of later works. Its subject matter has attracted both feminists and their opponents. Perhaps predictably, it was a favourite poem of Ted Hughes , who found in it...

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,098 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...language. Anthony Davies ; rev. Will Sharpe Recent major editions Recent major editions T. J. B. Spencer (New Penguin, 1967); Brian Gibbons (Arden 2nd series, 1980); G. Blakemore Evans (New Cambridge, 1984); Jill Levenson (Oxford, 2000) Some representative criticism Everett, Barbara , Romeo and Juliet : The Nurse’s Story’, Critical Quarterly, 14 (1972) Hunter, G. K. , ‘Shakespeare’s Earliest Tragedies: Titus Andronicus and Romeo and Juliet’, Shakespeare Survey 27 (1974) Kahn, Coppélia , ‘Coming of Age in Verona’, Modern Language Studies...

Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...a predatory arachnid was unforgettably enhanced by the black crutches on which he scuttled and swung across the stage. Reg Wilson ©Royal Shakespeare Company Text: The play first appeared in a quarto edition in 1598 (known as Q1), after being entered in the Stationers’ Register on 20 October. This was followed by five more editions derived successively from Q1, which most scholars believe was reconstructed from memory by players who originally performed it (probably the Chamberlain’s Men , Shakespeare’s company, when they went on provincial tour in summer ...

King Lear

King Lear   Reference library

Stanley Wells and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,801 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...out of love for her father, not personal ambition. Sc. 19 (4.4) The jealous Regan tries to persuade Oswald to reveal the contents of letters he is carrying from Gonoril to Edmund. She sends a token to Edmund by Oswald and offers promotion to anyone who will kill Gloucester. Sc. 20 (4.5) Edgar persuades a suspicious Gloucester that they are close to the edge of Dover Cliff and invents a description of the view. Believing himself on the verge, Gloucester prays and leaps forward. Speaking in a different accent, Edgar approaches him as if he really had fallen....

Richard Duke of York

Richard Duke of York   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,705 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...after they came into existence in May 1591 . There is no further stage evidence until John Crowne ’s Royalist adaptation, The Misery of Civil-War ( 1680 , staged 1681 ), whose sensationalizing climax is the battle of Towton (2.2–6). From this point until the beginning of the 20th century, Richard Duke of York was performed in England only in inferior adaptations. Much of its final act and Gloucester’s soliloquies were cannibalized by Colley Cibber ’s hugely successful and long-lived Tragical History of King Richard the Third ( 1700 ). In Germany and...

The Winter’s Tale

The Winter’s Tale   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,428 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the course of the 18th and 19th centuries, most virulently from Charlotte Lennox , who thought the statue scene ‘a low…contrivance’. Though the play still had its admirers (among them Victor Hugo and Thomas Campbell ) it only came into its own in mainstream criticism during the 20th century, partly as a result of modernism ’s enthusiasms for verbal difficulty (with which this play abounds) and for the links between drama and seasonal ritual (which the play’s highly conscious movement from winter to summer, tragedy to comedy, carefully underlines). Among the...

The Tempest

The Tempest   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,078 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...and colonialism by the 1840s, when the Brough brothers’ burlesque The Enchanted Isle depicted Caliban as a black abolitionist who sings the ‘Marseillaise’, and Charlotte Barnes hybridized the play (in The Forest Princess , 1844 ) with the story of Pocahontas. During the 20th century this view would be developed by many anti-colonial writers, particularly Octave Mannoni in East Africa , and would become a commonplace of cultural materialist and new historicist criticism from the 1970s onwards. The extent to which the play, though set in the...

Edward G. Unitt

Edward G. Unitt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(fl. late 19th and early 20th century), designer.One of the busiest set designers of his day and a favorite of both Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman, he kept a ...
Thomas G. Moses

Thomas G. Moses  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1856–1934), designer.Possibly the most prolific and important of midwestern scenic artists in the late 19th and early 20th century, he was born in Liverpool, England, on the ship of ...
7-20-8

7-20-8  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1907),a “comedy of to‐day” by Augustin Daly. [Daly's Theatre, 49 perf.] Portrait of a Lady, picture #728 at the annual Academy exhibition, so lovingly depicts a beautiful woman and ...
William A. Swasey

William A. Swasey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[fl. early 20th century] architect.He designed several important New York theatres, including the 48th Street, 44th Street, Princess, 39th Street, and Winter Garden.
Ten-Twent'-Thirt'

Ten-Twent'-Thirt'  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The name was given to popular‐priced theatres and touring companies in the late 19th and very early 20th century. These companies toured small towns and poorer large‐city neighborhoods, offering ...
Salvation Nell

Salvation Nell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A: Edward Sheldon Pf: 1908, Providence, Rhode Island Pb: 1967 G: Drama in 3 acts S: A bar, a tenement apartment, a street corner, New York, early 20th c. C: 27m, 20f, extrasNell Sanders works long ...

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