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Cobá

Cobá  

The ancient Maya ruins of Cobá are situated in Quintana Roo state, Mexico, in the northeastern quadrant of the Yucatán Peninsula, at 87° 40′ west longitude and 20° 30′ north ...
battle of Talavera

battle of Talavera  

1809.On 28 July Wellesley's British army of 20,000 men, co‐operating with Cuesta's Spanish army of 34,000 men, were attacked by 46,000 French commanded by King Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jourdan. ...
James G. Blaine

James G. Blaine  

(1830–1893), Republican party leader.Blaine was born in Pennsylvania but moved to Maine in the mid-1850s, where he edited a newspaper before entering politics. His service in the U.S. House ...
boundary Commission

boundary Commission  

Redistribution of parliamentary constituencies had always been accompanied by accusations that they were made for party advantage, but movements of population, particularly in the 20th cent. from ...
Antilynching Campaign

Antilynching Campaign  

The antilynching movement peaked in the years between the 1890s and the 1930s. It coincided with the increase in lynching that followed the end of Reconstruction in 1877. During the ...
Immigration Policy

Immigration Policy  

From earliest colonial times, immigration was an integral part of trade and economic development. Ships bringing in colonists brought out fish, fur, and timber. There was, however, a persistent ...
Civil Service Reform.

Civil Service Reform.  

Early nineteenth-century Americans, with the widest suffrage in the world and many offices to be filled by election, invented mass-based political parties to nominate and elect candidates. Since ...
mob

mob  

A large crowd of people, especially one that is disorderly and intent on causing trouble or violence. The word is recorded from the late 17th century and is an abbreviation of the archaic mobile, ...
battle of Quatre Bras

battle of Quatre Bras  

1815.After resuming control of France in 1815 on his return from Elba, Napoleon advanced into Belgium, striking with his main force against the Prussians at Ligny. A subsidiary force under Marshal ...
red scare

red scare  

Any spate of fear of communist/socialist infiltration, subversion, espionage, and sabotage; particularly that which occurred in the United States at the end of World War I.
unemployment insurance

unemployment insurance  

In the United States and several other countries, this is an official program partially or fully funded by taxation or compulsory levy from employers and/or salaried workers (e.g., as a payroll tax). ...
Louisbourg

Louisbourg  

On Cape Breton Island was the keystone of 18th‐cent. French strategy in the North Atlantic. Massive fortifications were commenced in 1719–20, and completed shortly before a British and American ...
Progressive Conservative Party

Progressive Conservative Party  

This party's curious name reflected its attempts to define its purpose in a nation that had broken away from its foundations. The Conservative Party of British North America reflected its ...
hacienda

hacienda  

A large estate with a dwelling-house, originally given by monarchs in Latin America as a reward for services done. Such estates are known as estancias in Argentina and fazendas in Brazil. The first ...
Social Security Act

Social Security Act  

US federal legislation enacted in 1935 with many subsequent amendments. It originally provided entitlements to meet the economic needs of elderly and retired people, the disabled, and the needy. It ...
gays

gays  

In a Latina and Latino context, “gay” may include lesbian, homosexual, bisexual, transgender, and queer identities, although it can also specify male homosexuality. Hegemonic U.S. discourse largely ...
conglomerate

conglomerate  

An organization involved in multiple businesses. The businesses are very much independent from each other, with their own general managers and divisional boards setting business strategy.
anticommunism

anticommunism  

Communism aims for a situation in which every individual will be free to fulfil his or her potential, and to live on an equal footing with everyone else. But its ...
Thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Alva Edison  

(1847–1931) American physicist and inventorEdison was born in Milan, Ohio, and was taught at home by his mother – he had been expelled from school as ‘retarded’, perhaps because of his deafness. From ...
David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George  

(1863–1945) British statesman and prime minister (1916–22), and one of the three main negotiators at the Treaty of Versailles (1919). Lloyd George played a moderating role between the draconian ...

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