View:

Fernando de Acuña

Fernando de Acuña  

(c.1520–c.1580),Spanish soldier, poet, and translator, born in Valladolid; he served as a soldier in Germany, Italy, and Tunisia. His Italianate Varias poesías was published by his widow in 1591. ...
JoãO de Barros

JoãO de Barros  

(1496–1570),Portuguese colonizer, humanist, and historian, educated at the royal court in Lisbon. At the age of 20 he wrote a chivalric romance called Clarimundo (Lisbon, 1522); in 1530 Barros ...
battle of Fornovo

battle of Fornovo  

A battle in the Wars of Italy fought on the banks of the river Taro near Fornovo (20 kilometres (12 miles) south-west of Parma) on 6 July 1495 between the ...
Gomes Eanes de Zurara

Gomes Eanes de Zurara  

(1410/20–1473/4),Portuguese historian who succeeded Fernão Lopes as royal chronicler in 1454. His Crónica da tomada de Ceuta is a continuation of his predecessor's account of the reign of King ...
Antonio Moro

Antonio Moro  

(c.1516/20–1576/7),Dutch portrait painter usually known by the Spanish version of his name, born in Utrecht, where he trained in the studio of Jan van Scorel. His access to the ...
Thomas Francini

Thomas Francini  

(1571–1651),A Florentine hydraulic engineer who moved to France c.1599 at the invitation of Henri IV. Together with his brothers Alexandre (fl.1608, d. 1648) and Camille (c.1608–20) he designed and ...
Peter Schöffer

Peter Schöffer  

(c.1425–c.1503),German printer. He was born in Gernsheim (Rhine) and by 1449 was working as a scriptor (i.e. manuscript copyist) in Paris. He later married Dyna (or Christina), the daughter ...
Bartolomé Carranza

Bartolomé Carranza  

(1503–76),Spanish Dominican theologian, born into a noble family in Miranda de Arga (Navarre) and educated at Alcalá de Henares (1515–20). He entered the Dominican Order (1520) and then continued ...
Elba

Elba  

A small island off the west coast of Italy, famous as the place of Napoleon's first exile (1814–15).
Villa d' Este

Villa d' Este  

Two Renaissance villas are now called Villa d'Este. The villa that belonged to the Este family is at Tivoli (ancient Tibur), a hill town 30 kilometres (20 miles) east of ...
Innocent IX

Innocent IX  

(1519–91),Pope from 29 October 1591 until his death two months later on 30 December, was born Giovanni Antonio Fachinetti on 20 July 1519 in Bologna, where his family had ...
synergism

synergism  

The theological contention, associated with Philipp Melanchthon and his followers (notably Viktorin Strigel), that in the act of conversion the human will can comply with the grace of God exercised ...
Hieronymus Emser

Hieronymus Emser  

(1478–1527),German humanist and Catholic polemicist, born in Ulm on 20 March 1477. He was educated at Tübingen (where he studied Greek) and Basel (where he studied law) and in ...
Philip the Good

Philip the Good  

(1396–1467)Duke of Burgundy (1419–67). His first act as Duke of Burgundy was to forge an alliance with Henry V of England, signing the Treaty of Troyes, in which Queen Isabella of France named Henry ...
Pleiades

Pleiades  

A prominent open cluster in Taurus, popularly termed the Seven Sisters, and also known as M45. The cluster spans over 1½° of sky and contains about 100 stars, the brightest of which is 3rd-magnitude ...
Sistine Chapel

Sistine Chapel  

The principal chapel of the Vatican Palace, so called because it was built for Sixtus IV (1471–84).
Herzog von Württemberg Ulrich

Herzog von Württemberg Ulrich  

(Reichenweier, Alsace, 1487–1550, Tübingen),came to the ducal throne in 1503. His extravagance led to the imposition of heavy taxes, which provoked a revolt known as ‘der Arme Konrad’ (see ...
Wittenberg

Wittenberg  

A town in eastern Germany, on the River Elbe north-east of Leipzig, which was the scene in 1517 of Martin Luther's campaign against the Roman Catholic Church, a major factor in the rise of the ...
Johann Agricola

Johann Agricola  

(1494–1566),German reformer, born on 20 April 1494 in Eisleben and baptized as Johann Schneider; he subsequently changed his family name to Schnitter. He studied at Wittenberg under Luther, whom ...
Luis de León

Luis de León  

(1527/28–1591), Spanish Augustinian friar.He was born in Belmonte (province of Cuenca, Spain) 1527/28 and died in 1591 in Madrigal de las Altas Torres. As a professor at the University ...

View: