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Catholic Peace Traditions

Catholic Peace Traditions  

Catholic peacemaking includes three major traditions: (1) evangelical nonviolence practiced by individuals, groups, and mass movements; (2) just-war theory and practice borrowed from Roman thought ...
security classification

security classification  

A classification of the sensitivity of information, e.g. “secret” or “medical records to be inspected only by doctors”.
Battle of Chickamauga

Battle of Chickamauga  

The largest Civil War battle of the Western theater, which took place September 18–20, 1863, near Chattanooga, Tennessee. Nearly 130,000 troops, about equally divided between the sides, participated, ...
Veteran Services

Veteran Services  

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) operates the nation's largest health-care system, with 1,300 facilities providing health care to 5.6 million veterans. VA offers pension and compensation, ...
George Washington Williams

George Washington Williams  

(1849–1891) U.S. soldier, clergyman, and state legislator. Born in Bedford Springs, Pennsylvania, George Washington Williams lied about his age to join the U.S. Colored Troops in 1864. He saw combat ...
Jeep

Jeep  

(1941– )The word ‘Jeep’ became widely recognized in the second half of the 20th century, following the production of the general‐purpose military vehicle in the United States that commenced in 1941. ...
Dunkirk

Dunkirk  

North‐eastern French port, whence 27 May to 4 June 1940, 200,000 British troops were brought back to England. On 10 May 1940 German troops attacked the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. ...
Chester Alan Arthur

Chester Alan Arthur  

(1830–86)US Republican statesman, 21st President of the USA (1881–85). He was appointed Garfield's Vice‐President in 1881 and became President after Garfield's assassination. During his term of ...
Benjamin Harrison

Benjamin Harrison  

(1833–1901)US Republican statesman, 23rd President of the USA (1889–93). He was the grandson of William Henry Harrison.
James A. Garfield

James A. Garfield  

20th President• Born: Nov. 19, 1831, Orange, Ohio• Political party: Republican• Education: Williams College, B.A., 1856• Military service: 42nd Ohio Infantry, 1862–63• Previous government service: ...
USS Constitution

USS Constitution  

One of six original frigates authorized by the US Congress in 1794, and generally regarded by Americans as the most famous ship in the history of the US Navy. Rated at 44 guns, but generally carrying ...
Skyhawk, McDonnell Douglas

Skyhawk, McDonnell Douglas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...McDonnell Douglas (Single-seat carrier-borne fighter-bomber [A-4G]). Wingspan 27 feet 6 inches; length 40 feet 3 inches; armament 2 × 20-mm cannon, 2 × Sidewinder air-to-air missiles, 7000 pounds bombs, rockets or missiles; maximum speed 658 m.p.h.; range 600 miles; power 1 × Pratt & Whitney 9000-pound thrust turbojet. The Skyhawk was the last fixed-wing combat aircraft to fly with the Fleet Air Arm and entered service in 1967 , replacing the Sea Venom . The A-4G variant used by the RAN could be fitted with either bombs and rockets for strike...

The G.I. Bill

The G.I. Bill (1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...and lobbying for the so‐called G.I. Bill. The bill's emphasis on aiding able‐bodied veterans established important precedents that stemmed in part from fears of massive unemployment caused by demobilization and the return of millions of ex‐service men and women. Between 1944 and 1949 , nearly 9 million veterans received a total of $4 billion from the G.I. Bill's compensation program. Although unemployment increased after V‐J Day, the provisions of the bill, the unemployment insurance popularly known as the “52‐20 club,” played an instrumental role in...

Imperial Defence College

Imperial Defence College   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...of 20 in 1929 to a maximum of 32 in 1938 , and many of the students concerned went on to the most senior appointments in their services during the Second World War, as was indeed the intention. Reopened after the Second World War, the aims of the IDC varied little from its pre-war form, except that current problems were no longer referred for consideration. An attempt was made to appoint an Australian senior officer to the directing staff, but this was not successful and with the exception of a single Canadian officer, Lieutenant-General G. G....

Neoliberalism and Its Critics

Neoliberalism and Its Critics   Reference library

Patrick Bond

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
8,067 words

...the Doha Development Round” looks suspiciously similar to the commitments made by the G20 in Washington last November, since when little progress has been made. Interestingly the G20 estimate for how much the Doha trade round could boost the global economy stands at a modest $150 billion. Civil society organisations around the globe have questioned whether reviving a trade round that developing countries have rejected many times is a good idea. Critics interpret the G20 In this context of ineffectual and old-fashioned financial multilateralism, critics –...

F-111, General Dynamics

F-111, General Dynamics   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...a further 15 of the American ‘G’ model (Australia purchased the unique ‘C’ model) were to be acquired in order to rotate aircraft through the fleet and thus prolong their life until 2020 . The first of these arrived at Amberley on 8 October 1993 . Four F-111Cs have been converted to RF-111C standards for use in the photo-reconnaissance role. At present No. 1 Squadron flies the remaining 17 F-111C and four RF-111C on operational duties, while No. 6 Squadron flies five of the F-111Gs for operational training. The remaining ‘G’ models are kept as rotational...

Arcadiopolis, Battle of

Arcadiopolis, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...indecisive, but then Skleros ordered the troops in ambush to attack, and the Byzantines were victorious. Leo reports that the Byzantines lost fifty five men in the pursuit that followed (another Byzantine source, John Skylitzes, says twenty five), though many were wounded, while 20 thousand of the enemy were slain. The Russian Primary Chronicle credits Sviatoslav with a victory at Arcadiopolis and reports significantly greater Byzantine forces. While this is undoubtedly incorrect, the Greek sources are themselves biased, and the sizes of the forces and the...

Bull Run, First Battle of

Bull Run, First Battle of (1861)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Run, First Battle of ( 1861 ). The first major land battle of the Civil War occurred at Bull Run Creek (near the town of Manassas, Virginia) Virginia, on 21 July 1861 . Brig. Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard , the hero of Fort Sumter, commanded the Confederate army . His force of 20,000 protected a rail link that led to Brig. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston 's army in the lower Shenandoah Valley. Johnston's 12,000 men faced a Federal force of 18,000 commanded by the aged Robert Patterson , a veteran of the War of 1812 . Beauregard deployed his force along a stream...

Sheridan, Philip H.

Sheridan, Philip H. (1831–1888)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...[See also Civil War: Military and Diplomatic Course .] Raymond O'Connor , Sheridan the Inevitable , 1953; Robert M. Utley , Frontier Regulars: The U.S. Army and the Indian, 1866–1891 , 1973. Joseph G. Dawson III , Army Generals and Reconstruction , 1982. Paul Andrew Hutton , Phil Sheridan and His Army , 1985. Roy Morris, Jr. , Sheridan , 1992. Joseph G. Dawson...

Religious Services, Byzantine

Religious Services, Byzantine   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...]. Translated by Averil Cameron and Stuart G. Hall . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999. Lactantius . De mortibus persecutorum . Edited and translated by J. L. Creed . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984. Nikephoros II Phokas . Praecepta militaria . Translated with commentary in E. McGeer , Sowing the Dragon's Teeth: Byzantine Warfare in the Tenth Century . Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1995. Pertusi, A . “ Una acolouthia militare inedita del X secolo. ” Aevum 22 (1948): 145–168. Secondary Works Dennis, G. T . “Religious Services in the Byzantine Army.”...

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