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bean, runner

bean, runner  

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Phaseolus multiflorus or P. coccineus. A 100‐g portion is a rich source of folate; contains 0.2 g of fat, of which 50% is saturated; provides 3 g of dietary fibre; supplies 20 kcal (85 kJ).
scruple

scruple  

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n. a unit of weight used in pharmacy. 1 scruple = 1.295 g (20 grains). 3 scruples = 1 drachm.
oxtail

oxtail  

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Classed as offal; a 150‐g portion of stewed lean meat is a rich source of iron, vitamin B2, protein, and niacin; contains 20 g of fat; and supplies 360 kcal (1 500 kJ).
chickweed

chickweed  

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Common garden weed (Stellaria media); can be eaten in salads or cooked; a modest source of vitamin C.
peanut butter

peanut butter  

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Ground, roasted peanuts, first marketed in 1904; commonly prepared from a mixture of Spanish and Virginia peanuts, since the first alone are too oily and the second are too dry. Separation of the oil ...
high in

high in  

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EU legislation states that for a food label or advertising to bear a claim that it is high in a nutrient it must contain 50% more of the claimed nutrient than a similar product for which no claim is ...
bean, haricot

bean, haricot  

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Ripe seed of Phaseolus vulgaris. Also known as navy, string, pinto, or snap bean. A 100‐g portion of dried haricot beans is a good source of copper; a source of protein, vitamin B1, and iron; ...
Académie de Médecine, Paris

Académie de Médecine, Paris  

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The Academy was created by royal ordinance on 20 December 1820. It was charged ‘de répondre aux demandes du Gouvernement sur tout ce qui intéresse la santé publique et principalement ...
disc gel

disc gel  

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A gel, of any shape, in which there is a discontinuity of some sort, e.g. in gel concentration.
degorger

degorger  

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Procedure in which vegetables (e.g. aubergine, cucumber) are lightly salted after slicing, then drained, to remove any strong taste.
proadrenomedullin

proadrenomedullin  

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The precursor polypeptide from which two biologically active peptides, adrenomedullin (AM) and proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) are produced by proteolytic cleavage. PAMP is ...
Keq

Keq  

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The equilibrium constant for a reversible reaction, e.g. A + B ⇄ C. Keq = [C]/[A] × [B].
meat bar

meat bar  

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Dehydrated cooked meat and fat; a modern form of pemmican; 50% protein and 40% fat; provides 560 kcal (2 350 kJ)/100 g.
passion fruit

passion fruit  

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Fruit of the tropical American vine, Passiflora spp; purple passion fruit is Passiflora edulis, yellow is P. flavicarpa, and banana passion fruit or curuba is P. mollisima. A 100‐g portion (four ...
redcurrant

redcurrant  

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Fruit of Ribes sativum (same species as whitecurrants); the British National Fruit Collection has 70 varieties of redcurrant and 20 of whitecurrant. An 80‐g portion is a rich source of vitamin C; a ...
trout

trout  

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Marine or freshwater oily fish; brown trout is Salmo trutta trutta that has spent all of its life in fresh water; sea or salmon trout is S. trutta trutta that has spent part of its life in salt ...
tiger nut

tiger nut  

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Tuber of grass-like sedge, Cyperus esculentus; also earth or ground almond, chufa nut, rush nut, nut sedge; 5–20 mm long, usually available partly dried. Mainly starch and fat (75% mono-unsaturated); ...
loop

loop  

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n.1. a bend in a tubular organ, e.g. Henle’s loop in a kidney tubule. 2. one of the patterns of dermal ridges in fingerprints.1. a bend in a tubular organ, e.g. Henle’s loop in a kidney tubule. 2. ...
date

date  

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Fruit of date palm, Phoenix dactylifera, known as far back as 3000 bc. There are three types: ‘soft’ (about 80% of the dry matter is invert sugars (see sugar, invert); semi-dry (about 40% of the dry ...
diet, ‘salt-free’

diet, ‘salt-free’  

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Diets low in sodium, for the treatment of hypertension and other conditions. Most of the sodium of the diet is consumed as sodium chloride or salt, and hence such diets are referred to as ...

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