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Gémier Firmin

(b. Aubervilliers, France, 21 Feb. 1869; d. Paris, 26 Nov. 1933) Actor, director and teacher who made his début with Antoine (Théâtre Libre, then Théâtre de l'œuvre, where he ...

Gémier, Firmin

Gémier, Firmin (1869–1933)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
60 words

..., Firmin ( 1869–1933 ). French actor and director. A pupil of Antoine and the creator of the role of Père Ubu , he became interested in popular theatre, directing Romain Rolland 's Le 14 juillet in 1902 , creating the short‐lived Théâtre Ambulant ( 1911–12 ), which toured France by rail, and becoming the director of the first Théâtre National Populaire in 1920...

Gémier, Firmin

Gémier, Firmin   Reference library

David G. Muller

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
255 words

..., Firmin ( 1869–1933 ) French actor and director. Acting extensively at the Théâtre Libre before creating the title role in Jarry 's Ubu roi at the Théâtre de l'Œuvre ( 1896 ), Gémier began to direct in the footsteps of Antoine , finally taking the directorial helm of the Théâtre Antoine from 1906 to 1922 . Strongly committed to the idea of a people's theatre, he embarked on several eclectic and influential projects that would lay the groundwork for a popular and decentralized theatre in France. The founder of the Société Shakespeare, his...

Gémier, Firmin

Gémier, Firmin   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
208 words

..., Firmin ( 1869–1933 ) French actor and director . Acting extensively at the Théâtre *Libre before creating the title role in *Jarry 's Ubu roi at the Théâtre de l'Œuvre ( 1896 ), Gémier began to direct in the footsteps of *Antoine , finally taking the directorial helm of the Théâtre Antoine from 1906 to 1922 . Strongly committed to a people's theatre, he lay the groundwork for decentralized theatre. The founder of the Société Shakespeare, his productions of The Merchant of Venice ( 1916 ) and The Taming of the Shrew ( 1918 ) prefigured later...

Gémier Firmin

Gémier Firmin (1869–1933)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
278 words

... Firmin [ Firmin Tonnerre ] ( 1869–1933 ), French actor, director, and manager, who played a major part in the theatrical revival of the 1920s. A pupil of Antoine , he made his first success as Ubu in Lugné-Poë 's production of Jarry 's Ubu Roi ( 1896 ). He was an inspired, if somewhat slapdash, actor, with great powers of rhetoric and ample gestures, and he had a remarkable ability for directing crowd scenes in which he also appeared. His interest in popular theatre was first shown in his production of Romain Rolland 's Le 14 juillet ( 1902 ),...

Gémier, [Tonnerre] Firmin

Gémier, [Tonnerre] Firmin (21 Feb. 1869)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
106 words

..., [Tonnerre] Firmin (b. Aubervilliers, France , 21 Feb. 1869 ; d. Paris , 26 Nov. 1933 ) Actor , director and teacher who made his début with Antoine (Théâtre Libre, then Théâtre de l'œuvre, where he played Jarry 's Ubu Roi ). He made several attempts to found a People's Theatre, establishing the first Théâtre National Populaire but without a company to produce anything. His national touring theatre failed, but he established a Shakespeare Society, ran popular festivals at the Odéon ( 1922–30 ), taught the value of systematic work and...

Gémier Firmin

Gémier Firmin  

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(b. Aubervilliers, France, 21 Feb. 1869; d. Paris, 26 Nov. 1933)Actor, director and teacher who made his début with Antoine (Théâtre Libre, then Théâtre de l'œuvre, where he played ...
La Décentralisation théâtrale

La Décentralisation théâtrale  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
State‐sponsored programme launched in 1947 to remedy the lack of theatrical provision in the provinces. It had long been recognized that the capital's cultural hegemony, encapsulated in the ...
centres dramatiques

centres dramatiques  

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Theatres throughout France that receive state and municipal funding so that the regions need not rely on touring companies bringing hits from Paris. The decentralization idea was encouraged by Gémier ...
Comédie des Champs-Élysées

Comédie des Champs-Élysées  

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Paris. Built in 1912 in the Avenue Montaigne as an annexe to the concert hall of the same name, the reputation of this theatre was made in the 1920s with ...
tent theatre

tent theatre  

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Form of theatre staging offering a multitude of examples, since presumably as long as there were sail-makers, awnings could be erected to protect open-air audiences from the sun, without obscuring ...
Vlaamse Volkstoneel

Vlaamse Volkstoneel  

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Modernist Flemish company, operating from 1920 to 1932. The central figure was Jan Oskar de Gruyter, who thought theatre an important educational and emancipatory tool. Though he considered the ...
Théâtre National de l' Odéon

Théâtre National de l' Odéon  

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Paris, second theatre of France, ranking next to the Comédie-Française, which in 1781 occupied the first building to be erected on the present site of the Odéon. Following the vicissitudes ...
Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire  

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A French national theatre for the people, founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier who secured government subsidies for productions performed for workers. This enterprise folded in 1937, but in 1951 ...
Palais de Chaillot

Palais de Chaillot  

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Paris, Moresque building on the exhibition site opposite the Eiffel Tower, used by the first Théâtre National Populaire from 1920 to 1934. It was demolished in 1934 to make way ...
Théâtre de la Renaissance

Théâtre de la Renaissance  

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Paris. The first theatre of this name opened in 1826 as the Salle Ventadour, but was taken over and renamed 10 years later by Anténor Joly, who produced there plays ...
Century Theatre

Century Theatre  

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(New York).The playhouse on Seventh Avenue at 59th Street had almost as many names as it had tenants. It opened as Jolson's 59th Street Theatre in 1921, and over ...
people's theatre/popular theatre

people's theatre/popular theatre  

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These terms have often been used interchangeably and there has been some confusion over to what manner of theatrical presentation each refers. This varies according to class viewpoint and ideological ...
Gaston Baty

Gaston Baty  

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(b. Pelussin, France, 26 May 1885; d. Pelussin, 13 Oct. 1952)Director. A member of the Cartel, Baty was much influenced by expressionism, the Russian ballet and puppet theatre. Not ...
Odéon

Odéon  

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First built in 1782 to house the Comédie-française, it became France's second national theatre when it reopened in 1819 after burning down twice. From 1946 to 1959 the company was ...
André Antoine

André Antoine  

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(1858–1943),French actor, director, and theatre manager, one of the outstanding figures in the theatrical reforms of the late 19th century. In 1887 he founded the Théâtre Libre for productions ...

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