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Freytag's pyramid

A sequence of five structural phases in a drama: introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and catastrophe. Compare classical narrative ...

Freytag’s pyramid

Freytag’s pyramid   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
25 words

...’s pyramid A sequence of five structural phases in a drama : introduction , rising action , climax , falling action , and catastrophe . Compare classical narrative structure . ...

Freytag's pyramid

Freytag's pyramid  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A sequence of five structural phases in a drama: introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and catastrophe. Compare classical narrative structure.
sequence

sequence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In film and video editing, a series of shots or scenes that have been edited together: see also montage.2. (semiotics) A temporal syntagm.3. (narratology) A series of related events or ...
climax

climax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
1. A moment in a narrative when the conflict and tension peak for the audience. Often synonymous with crisis.2. The third phase of dramatic structure in Freytag's pyramid.3. Climax order: a ...
sequence

sequence   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
55 words

...of shots or scenes that have been edited together: see also montage . 2. (semiotics) A temporal syntagm . 3. (narratology) A series of related events or propositions , or the overall narrative structure: see also classical narrative structure ; Freytag’s pyramid . ...

climax

climax   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
82 words

...1. A moment in a narrative when the conflict and tension peak for the audience . Often synonymous with crisis . 2. The third phase of dramatic structure in Freytag’s pyramid . 3. ( climax order ) A sequential argument in which the last point is the most important and forceful (the opposite being anticlimax order ). 4. In rhetoric , successive phrases building upon a previous one: e.g. King’s cumulative use of ‘I have a dream’. ...

crisis

crisis   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
113 words

...A decisive moment, or turning point, in a dramatic *action . In the late nineteenth century Gustav Freytag identified a traditional five-part pyramidal dramatic structure with a climax at the apex, and three crises: an initiating action that precipitates the complication, an action that ends the climax and initiates the *denouement , and an action that brings about the *catastrophe . It has become more common to recognize Freytag's climax as the central crisis, and to use ‘climax’ to refer to the highest point of *audience interest, which may or may...

crisis

crisis   Reference library

Ronald W. Vince

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
113 words

...A decisive moment, or turning point, in a dramatic action . In the late nineteenth century Gustav Freytag identified a traditional five-part pyramidal dramatic structure with a climax at the apex, and three crises: an initiating action that precipitates the complication , and action that ends the climax and initiates the denouement , and an action that brings about the catastrophe . It has become more common to recognize Freytag's climax as the central crisis, and to use ‘climax’ to refer to the highest point of audience interest, which may or...

Freytag, Gustav

Freytag, Gustav   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
92 words

..., Gustav ( 1816–95 ), German writer who, although best known as the author of sociological and historical novels, began his literary career as a dramatist, and became the German exponent of the well-made play . His best work was a comedy, Die Journalisten ( 1852 ), a good-humoured portrayal of party politics in a small town during an election; his attempts at serious problem-plays and a historical tragedy in verse are less attractive. In 1863 he published his Technik des Dramas , with its famous pyramid, or diagrammatic plot, of a ‘well-made’...

Aristotle

Aristotle   Reference library

Elizabeth Belfiore, Ronna Burger, Stephen Halliwell, Richard Janko, and Leon Golden

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
14,560 words

...a “tragic flaw” is based on a very questionable interpretation of hamartia . The pyramid, often drawn on classroom blackboards, of action rising to a climax and falling to a catastrophe is often associated with Aristotle’s distinction between complication and resolution. However, Aristotle does not mention a dramatic climax, and he has no concept of rising and falling action. The pyramid is derived from Gustave Freytag’s imaginative adaptation of Aristotle (trans., Freytag’s Technique of the Drama , New York, 1894 ). “Catharsis” is commonly used today to...

Aristotle

Aristotle   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
13,372 words

...a “tragic flaw” is based on a very questionable interpretation of hamartia . The pyramid, drawn on many a high-school blackboard, of action rising to a climax and falling to a catastrophe is often associated with Aristotle's distinction between complication and resolution. However, Aristotle does not mention a dramatic climax, and he has no concept of rising and falling action. The pyramid is derived from Gustave Freytag 's imaginative adaptation of Aristotle (trans., Freytag's Technique of the Drama , New York, 1894 ). Catharsis is commonly used today to...

Climax

Climax   Reference library

M. L. Manson

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Hoskyns explains that it concludes gradatio with a clause containing the first and last rungs. Puttenham’s example of gradatio would thus end: “therefore, his virtue brought him abundant aid .” In 1863 , Freytag borrowed the term climax to describe the apex of the rising action in a drama, the third of a five-part structure called Freytag’s pyramid. He made climax, which describes the audience’s interest, synonymous with crisis, the structural turning point of the drama, but the term has since been applied more loosely to any peak in audience interest....

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