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Frederick III of Sicily

(1272–1337) Third son of Peter III of Aragon and his wife Constance, the infant Frederick was destined for Sicily in the logic of a partition. Lieutenant of his brother James ...

Frederick III of Sicily

Frederick III of Sicily (1272–1337)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
163 words

... III of Sicily ( 1272–1337 ) Third son of Peter III of Aragon and his wife Constance , the infant Frederick was destined for Sicily in the logic of a partition. Lieutenant of his brother James in the island ( 1291–1296 ), he was elected king by the Sicilians and crowned on 25 March 1296 , Easter Day and feast of the Annunciation, in a messianic atmosphere that supported an unequal struggle against the Angevins and the papacy. An unfaltering Ghibellinism, devoted to the cause of the Spirituals , extracted a provisional peace in 1302 at...

Frederick III of Sicily

Frederick III of Sicily  

(1272–1337)Third son of Peter III of Aragon and his wife Constance, the infant Frederick was destined for Sicily in the logic of a partition. Lieutenant of his brother James ...
5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

Christopher de Hamel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Durham. Echoes of Norman forms of script and decoration can be seen too in late 11 th -century books made in Sicily, similarly occupied by the Normans from about 1060 . A generation later, remarkable homogeneity may be observed in Cistercian MSS. Their austere and elegant style, with prickly script and monochrome initials, may have begun in the mother house of Cîteaux in Burgundy, but the style is easily recognizable in Cistercian books made as far away as monasteries of the order in eastern and southern Europe. The centralized administration of the Cistercian...

Constance of Hauteville

Constance of Hauteville  

(1154–1198)Daughter of Roger II, king of Sicily, in 1186 she married the future emperor Henry VI, son of Frederick Barbarossa. After the death of her nephew William II in ...
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
House of Hauteville – Dukes of ApuliaCounts of SicilyKings of Naples and SicilyHouse of HohenstaufenHouse of Anjou – Kings of NaplesHouse of AragonHouse of Aragon – Kings of SicilyHouse of SavoyHouse ...
Staufen

Staufen  

The castle of Staufen, built by Duke Frederick of Swabia and then turned into a monastery, gave its name to one of the most important imperial dynasties. We know little ...
Frederick I

Frederick I  

(c. 1123–90)King of Germany and Holy Roman emperor (1152–90). He made a sustained attempt to subdue Italy and the papacy, but was eventually defeated at the Battle of Legnano in 1176. He was drowned ...
Frederick II

Frederick II  

(Roman emperor) (1194–1250) King of Sicily, emperor, and king of Jerusalem, Frederick was heir to the greatness and turmoil of the Hohenstaufen dynasty.Born in Sicily and crowned king in ...
Urban III

Urban III  

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Religion
(25 Nov. 1185–19/20 Oct. 1187)On the very day of Lucius III's death Umberto Crivelli was unanimously elected in Verona to succeed him. Of an aristocratic, anti-imperial, Milanese family, he was a ...
Alexander IV

Alexander IV  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(12 Dec. 1254–25May 1261)On the death of Innocent IV at Naples the cardinals wished to return to Rome, but the mayor forced them to proceed to an election there and then by bolting the city gates. ...
Charles II of Anjou

Charles II of Anjou  

(1254–1309)Born in 1254, son and successor of Charles I, Charles II was king of Naples from 1285 to his death in 1309. He is the least-known king of the ...
Innocent III

Innocent III  

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Religion
(1160/61–1216), Pope from 1198. In making the right of the Papacy to interfere in secular affairs depend upon its duty to control the moral conduct of rulers and upon the theory of Papal feudal ...
Victor IV

Victor IV  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(antipope 7 Sept. 1159–20Apr. 1164)The death of Hadrian IV on 1 Sept. 1159 was followed by a disputed election in which, while a large majority elected Cardinal Orlando Bandinelli, an exponent of ...
Nicholas IV

Nicholas IV  

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Subject:
Religion
(22 Feb. 1288–4 Apr. 1292)The vacancy after Honorius IV's death dragged on for almost eleven months. The conclave, held in Honorius' new palace, was hopelessly divided, and when six cardinals died in ...
Viterbo

Viterbo  

Strategically located on a pilgrimage route, 80 km north of Rome, Viterbo was the see of the papacy from 1257 to 1281. Settled by the Etruscans, uninhabited in the Roman ...
States of the Church

States of the Church  

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Religion
Those parts of Italy and the territory of Avignon and Venaissin in France which at one time acknowledged the temporal sovereignty of the Papacy. Some of these lands were also known as the ‘Patrimony ...
Arnold of Villanova

Arnold of Villanova  

(c.1240–1311)His date and place of birth are unknown, but Arnaldus de Villa Nova called himself a Catalan and from boyhood he lived at Valencia, in the territories recently reconquered ...
Celestine III

Celestine III  

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Religion
(c.1106–98), Pope from 1191. He defended Abelard at the Council of Sens (1140) and later urged Thomas Becket to adopt a less intransigent attitude. Elected Pope in his 85th year, his reign was marked ...
earl of Cornwall Richard

earl of Cornwall Richard  

B. 5 Jan. 1209, 2nd s. of John and Isabella; cr. earl of Cornwall 1227; elected king of the Romans 1257; m. (1) Isabella, da. of William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, and wid. of Gilbert de Clare, earl ...
Clement IV

Clement IV  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(5 Feb. 1265–29 Nov. 1268)On Urban IV's death the cardinals at Perugia were so sharply divided that they took four months to elect a successor. He was another Frenchman, Guy Foucois, son of a ...

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