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Freake painter

Painter. Known solely as a portraitist, North America's first major artist remains anonymous. Active in Boston during the 1670s, he takes his name from a pair of portraits depicting Mr. ...

Freake Painter

Freake Painter (Painter)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
390 words

...as the Freake Limner . Scholars have suggested that he might be identified with Samuel Clement ( 1635– c. 1678 ), known to have been working in Boston during the period of the Freake Painter’s activity. Clement was the son of an artist who arrived in Massachusetts in 1635 , after training in England. http://www.worcesterart.org/collection/American/1963.135.html Annotated images and analysis of the Freake portraits http://www.worcesterart.org/collection/Early_American/Artists/unidentified_17th/freakbiography/ Analysis of Freake Painter’s...

Freake painter

Freake painter (1670–c. 1680)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
915 words

... painter ( fl Boston , 1670– c. 1680 ), painter . During the early British settlement of North America, immigrants brought portraits from abroad and had images of their leaders and kin painted abroad and shipped into the colonies. Yet a surprising number of life-size portraits in oil on canvas can be identified as having been made in Boston by immigrant and native-born painters of training and talent. Paintings made in Boston and dated 1670–74 seem to be by the same artist or perhaps two Boston artists working in a similar manner. This is the largest...

Freake painter

Freake painter  

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Overview Page
Painter. Known solely as a portraitist, North America's first major artist remains anonymous. Active in Boston during the 1670s, he takes his name from a pair of portraits depicting Mr. and Mrs. John ...
limner

limner  

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Overview Page
An imprecise term sometimes used to describe the anonymous colonial- and federal-era painters who worked in predominately linear styles. These included artists who extended the Elizabethan tradition, ...
Portraiture, American

Portraiture, American  

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Overview Page
From the early days of settlement, colonists demonstrated interest in sustaining the portrait traditions of their homelands. Until at least the middle of the nineteenth century, nearly all painters ...
Master of

Master of  

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Overview Page
Term used in art history to label the author of anonymous works or groups of works for convenience in discussing them. This use of invented names is more common in the study of painting and ...
Limner

Limner   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
90 words

...term sometimes used to describe the anonymous colonial- and federal-era painters who worked in predominately linear styles. These included artists who extended the Elizabethan tradition, such as the Freake Painter , as well as those who simplified the volumetric Baroque manner, such as the Gansevoort Limner, a Patroon painter . The word derives from an English corruption of “illuminator,” or manuscript illustrator. Beginning in the sixteenth century, it designated painters of miniatures, but came to be applied to artists who undertook larger works in a...

Smith, Thomas

Smith, Thomas (25 April 1691)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
220 words

...MA , before 25 April 1691 ), painter . Smith is the earliest identifiable painter in English-speaking North America, and the sophistication of his style suggests he had a professional training. He may have arrived in Boston c . 1650 ; his surviving works, which amount to five signed or attributed portraits, suggest that he painted in Boston between 1670 and 1691 . His only dated work is Major Thomas Savage ( 1679 ; Boston, MA, Mus. F.A.) Smith's portraits followed by about a decade the work of the Freake Painter and the Mason Limner in Boston....

Portraiture, American

Portraiture, American   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
608 words

...middle of the nineteenth century, nearly all painters and sculptors produced likenesses, if only because willing patrons could be found. Beginning in the 1840s photography began to undercut this source of steady employment, and by the twentieth century the new medium commanded the portrait field. Throughout the colonial period, portraiture dominated the practice of painting and claimed the finest artists’ attention. The first important artist to practice in the North American colonies, the anonymous Freake Painter , painted portraits in an exquisite, late...

Masters, anonymous, and monogrammists

Masters, anonymous, and monogrammists   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
634 words

...compositions, and often they were not academically trained. In addition to painting and sculpture, folk art includes media such as tapestry, furniture, metalwork and other decorative or utilitarian objects, which do not display signatures or monograms. [ See also Folk art ; Freake Painter ; and Pierpont Limner . ] Bibliography L. Goodrich : Three Centuries of American Art (New York, 1966) A. A. Davidson : The Story of American Painting (New York, 1974) M. Baigell : A Concise History of American Painting and Sculpture (New York, 1984) M. B. Davidson ...

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