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Franz Joseph

Subject: Literature

(Vienna, 1830–1916, Vienna), a grandson of Franz I of Austria, and nephew of Ferdinand I, became emperor of Austria in 1848 on the abdication of Ferdinand. After coming to the ...

Noricum

Noricum   Reference library

Franz A. W. Schehl and John Joseph Wilkes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
388 words

... Franks ( c. 536 ), by Lombards ( 568 ), and shortly before 600 by Slavs and Avars ( see avaro-slav invasions ). G. Alföldy , Noricum (1974); T. Fischer , Noricum (2002); V. Gassner and others, Am Rande des Reiches: Die Roemer in Oesterreich (2002). Franz A. W. Schehl / John Joseph...

Naïssus

Naïssus ((modern Niš))   Reference library

Franz A. W. Schehl and John Joseph Wilkes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
149 words

..., Naïssus flourished anew, but was seriously threatened by the Slavs. It was destroyed or at least sacked by the Avars in 596 ( see avaro-slav invasions ), but continued to exist as a Slav town. Inscriptions de la Mésie Supérieure 4, ed. P. Petrović (1979). Franz A. W. Schehl / John Joseph...

Aquincum

Aquincum   Reference library

Franz A. W. Schehl and John Joseph Wilkes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
278 words

...Civil town: K. Póczy , in A. Lengyel and G. T. B. Radan (eds.), The Archaeology of Roman Pannonia (1980), 255 ff; P. Zsidi , in M. Š. Kos and P. Scherrer (eds.), The Autonomous Towns of Noricum and Pannonia, Pannonia II (2004), 209–30 (civil town). Franz A. W. Schehl / John Joseph...

Dalmatia

Dalmatia   Reference library

Franz A. W. Schehl and John Joseph Wilkes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
361 words

...former was in the dioecesis Pannoniarum , the latter in dioecesis Moesiarum . G. Alföldy , Bevölkerung und Gesellschaft der Römischen Provinz Dalmatien (1965); J. J. Wilkes , Dalmatia (1969); I. Bojanovski, Bosnie et Hercegovine á l’époque antique (1988). Franz A. W. Schehl / John Joseph...

Istria

Istria (2)   Reference library

Franz A. W. Schehl and John Joseph Wilkes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
322 words

...the republic, became part of Italy under Augustus and with Venetia formed Regio X. The boundary with Illyricum was the river Arsia. A. Degrassi , Il confine nord-orientale dell'Italia romana (1954); V. V. Iazbez, Le Venetia orientale l'Histria (1994), 15–64. Franz A. W. Schehl / John Joseph...

Carnuntum

Carnuntum   Reference library

Franz A. W. Schehl and John Joseph Wilkes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
306 words

...the last century and, more recently, by aerial photography. Around the middle of the 4th cent. both fortress and city were severely damaged, apparently by earthquake. H. Friesinger and F. Kinzinger (eds.), Der römische Limes in Oesterreich (1997), 258–72. Franz A. W. Schehl ; John Joseph...

Franz Joseph

Franz Joseph (1830–1916)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
80 words

... Joseph ( 1830–1916 ) ( Francis Joseph ) Emperor of Austria ( 1848–1916 ) and King of Hungary ( 1867–1916 ). He succeeded his uncle Ferdinand , who abdicated during the Revolutions of 1848 , and quickly brought the revolutions under control, defeating the Hungarians under Louis Kossuth in 1849 . With the formation ( 1867 ) of the Austro-Hungarian Empire , Franz Joseph was forced to grant Hungary co-equal status. He died in the midst of World War 1, two years before the final collapse of the Habsburg ...

Haydn, Franz Joseph

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732–1809)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
58 words

...Franz Joseph ( 1732–1809 ) Austrian composer . Haydn brought the sonata form to masterful fruition in more than 100 symphonies, notably the ‘Military’, the ‘Clock’ and the ‘London’ (all 1793–95 ). His most famous choral works are the oratorios The Creation ( 1798 ) and The Seasons ( 1801 ). He also wrote many string quartets, chamber works, concertos and...

Gall, Franz Joseph

Gall, Franz Joseph (1758–1828)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
58 words

...Franz Joseph ( 1758–1828 ), originated a theory of phrenology which explained the characteristics of the human mind in relation to the configuration of the cranium. German by birth, he lectured in Paris in 1807 where his message was well received. He took French nationality in 1819 . His psychophysiological theories appealed to the generation of Balzac . [ Ceri Crossley...

Mone, Franz Joseph

Mone, Franz Joseph (1796–1871)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
46 words

...Franz Joseph ( 1796–1871 ), German historian and liturgical scholar. His Lateinische und griechische Messen ( 1850 ) contains the text of some early Masses which are notable for the absence of all reference to the cycle of liturgical feasts; they are commonly known as the ‘Mone...

Franz Joseph, Kaiser

Franz Joseph, Kaiser (1830–1916)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
194 words

... Joseph, Kaiser (Vienna, 1830–1916 , Vienna), a grandson of Franz I of Austria, and nephew of Ferdinand I , became emperor of Austria in 1848 on the abdication of Ferdinand. After coming to the throne in the midst of a revolution ( see Revolutionen 1848–9 ), Franz Joseph sought to re-establish absolute government, but in the late 1850s had to adjust to rapid changes. These were due to failures in foreign policy, notably the defeats suffered in Italy in 1859 and against Prussia in 1866 ( see Deutscher Krieg ), which resulted in the loss of the...

Haydn, Franz Joseph

Haydn, Franz Joseph (31 Mar. 1732)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
107 words

...Haydn, Franz Joseph ( b Rohrau, probably 31 Mar. 1732 ; d Vienna , 31 May 1809 ) Austrian composer . He wrote no ballet scores but many dance works have been set to his concert music including Viganò's Milan production of The Creatures of Prometheus ( 1813 ), Massine 's Clock Symphony (Sadler's Wells Ballet, 1948 ), Balanchine 's Trumpet Concerto (Sadler's Wells Ballet, 1950 ), Taras 's Haydn Concerto (New York City Ballet, 1968 ), Tharp 's As Time Goes By (Joffrey Ballet, 1973 ) and Push Comes to Shove (American Ballet Theatre,...

Strauss, Franz Joseph

Strauss, Franz Joseph (1822)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
73 words

...Franz Joseph ( b Parkstein , 1822 ; d Munich , 1905 ) German horn‐player and composer. Prin. hn, Munich Court opera orch 1847–89 . Taught at Munich Acad. until 1896 . Cond. semi‐professional orch (Wilde Gungl) 1875–96 . Although he disliked Wagner's music, played in several Wagner premières and was consulted by composer on Siegfried's hn‐call. Wrote hn conc., works for hn and pf, etc. The composer Richard Strauss was his son by his 2nd...

Molitor, Franz Joseph

Molitor, Franz Joseph (1779–1860)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
702 words

...Franz Joseph ( 1779–1860 ) Franz Joseph Molitor was born in Oberursel (Taunus) on 8 June 1779 and died in Frankfurt on 23 March 1860 . The son of an official of Kurmainz, he gained his secondary education in Bingen and Aschaffenburg, before he took up the study of jurisprudence at the University of Mainz, in accordance with the wishes of his father. There he became friendly with Niklas Vogt , his teacher. In 1799 , he moved to Marburg and began to study philosophy and history, developing a deep interest in the philosophy of Kant . Later he...

Gall, Franz Joseph

Gall, Franz Joseph (1758–1828)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
182 words

...Franz Joseph ( 1758–1828 ). German anatomist and founder of phrenology, who was born in Baden and settled in Vienna ( 1785 ) as a physician. He was an anatomist of some distinction and the man to whom we are really indebted for the ideas we now hold on the relations which the constituent parts of the nervous system bear to one another. He was the first to distinguish clearly between the white matter of the brain, which consists of nerve fibres, and the gelatinous grey matter, which forms the cortex of the brain, and the ganglia. For the speculative ideas...

Gall, Franz Joseph

Gall, Franz Joseph (1758–1828)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,701 words

..., Franz Joseph Gall, Inventor of Phrenology and His Collection (Madison, Wisconsin, 1956). D'Orazio, Ugo , ‘ Gall e la prima diffusione della frenologia in Italia ’, Sanità scienza e storia , vol. 2 (1993), pp. 79–124. Heintel , Brigitte and Helmut , Franz Joseph Gall. Bibliographie (Stuttgart, 1985). Heintel, Helmut , Leben und Werk von Franz Joseph Gall. Eine Chronik (Würzburg, 1986). Lesky, Erna , Franz Joseph Gall: 1758–1828, Naturforscher und Anthropologe. Ausgewählte Texte … (Bern, Stuttgart and Vienna, 1979). Mann, Gunter , ‚Franz Joseph Gall...

Mone, Franz Joseph

Mone, Franz Joseph (1796–1871)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
204 words

...Mone, Franz Joseph ( 1796–1871 ), German historian and liturgical scholar . He was a native of Baden and studied at Heidelberg University, where he was professor from 1819 to 1827 . From 1827 to 1831 he taught at Louvain, returned to Heidelberg in 1831 , and in 1835 was appointed Director of the Baden Archives, a post he held till 1868 . He did important research work on Latin medieval literature and early German history. His chief liturgical publication was his Lateinische und griechische Messen aus dem zweiten bis sechsten Jahrhundert ( 1850...

Haydn, Franz Joseph

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,213 words

...Franz Joseph ( b Rohrau , 1732 ; d Vienna , 1809 ) Austrian‐born composer of pure German stock. The son of a farmer‐wheelwright, Haydn showed immediate musical precocity and at the age of 5 was given into the care of a Hainburg schoolmaster called Franck, who taught him the rudiments of music. At 8 went to Vienna as choirboy at St Stephen's. When his v. broke at 17, he lived in poverty as a teacher and became accompanist and servant to the It. composer and teacher Porpora . He worked for two aristocratic patrons in 1750s, and in 1761 was...

Franz Joseph Haydn

Franz Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
52 words

...Franz0Joseph Franz Joseph Haydn 1732 – 1809 Austrian composer But all the world understands my language. on being advised by mozart , in 1790, not to visit England because he knew too little of the world and too few languages Rosemary Hughes Haydn (1950) ch. 6 world understands my language world understands my ...

Franz Joseph Gall

Franz Joseph Gall (1758–1828)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
222 words

...Franz Joseph Gall 1758 – 1828 German anatomist and phrenologist Whoever would not remain in complete ignorance of the resources which cause him to act; whoever would seize, at a single philosophical glance, the nature of man and animals, and their relations to external objects; whoever would establish, on the intellectual and moral functions, a solid doctrine of mental diseases, of the general and governing influence of the brain in the states of health and disease, should know, that it is indispensable, that the study of the organization of the brain...

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