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Francis I

(1708–65) Holy Roman Emperor (1745–65), Duke of Lorraine (1729–35) and Tuscany (1737–65). In 1736, he married the Habsburg heiress Maria Theresa. Her accession (1740) ...

Francis I

Francis I   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
7 words

... I , King of France. See Fontainebleau...

Francis I

Francis I (1708–65)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
54 words

... I ( 1708–65 ) Holy Roman Emperor ( 1745–65 ), Duke of Lorraine ( 1729–35 ) and Tuscany ( 1737–65 ). In 1736 , he married the Habsburg heiress Maria Theresa . Her accession ( 1740 ) precipitated the War of the Austrian Succession against Frederick II . Francis succeeded Charles VIII as Emperor, but Maria Theresa effectively wielded...

Francis I

Francis I (1494–1547)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
121 words

... I ( 1494–1547 ) King of France ( 1515–47 ). A leader of the Renaissance, he is best remembered for his patronage of the arts and his palace at Fontainebleau . Persecution of the Waldenses , centralization of monarchical power and foolish financial policies earned the dissatisfaction of his people. A costly struggle with the Emperor Charles V over the imperial crown led to a defeat at Pavia in 1525 . Francis was imprisoned and forced to give up Burgundy as a condition of the Treaty of Madrid ( 1526 ). Two more wars ( 1527–29 , 1536–38 ) ended...

Francis I

Francis I (1708–65)   Quick reference

Matthew Kilburn

Dictionary Plus History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
100 words

...Francis I ( 1708–65 ) Holy Roman Emperor ( 1745–65 ). He grew up in Vienna as the intended husband of Emperor Charles VI’s daughter Maria Theresa, whom he married in 1736 . He gave up his inherited duchy of Lorraine in 1737 in return for the grand duchy of Tuscany. On the death of Charles VI in 1740 , Maria Theresa succeeded to the Habsburg dominions but was challenged by Charles Albert of Bavaria and Frederick II of Prussia, beginning the War of the Austrian Succession (to 1748 ). Francis was elected emperor in 1745 but real power remained with...

Francis I

Francis I   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
940 words

... I or François I ( 1494–1547 ), King of France, born at Cognac on 12 September 1494 , the son of Charles of Valois (count of Angoulême) and Louise of Savoy and the younger brother of Marguerite d'Angoulême . On the accession of Louis XII to the throne of France in 1498 , Francis became heir presumptive. He was educated together with his sister at the royal chateau at Amboise , where they were taught Italian and Spanish by their mother and other subjects by a series of distinguished tutors. In 1508 Francis moved to the royal court, and in ...

Francis I

Francis I (1494–1547)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
219 words

... I ( 1494–1547 ) King of France ( 1515–47 ). He was in many respects an archetypal Renaissance prince, able, quick-witted, and licentious, and a patron of art and learning, but he developed into a cruel persecutor of Protestants, and devoted the best part of his reign to an inconclusive struggle with the Habsburgs . He began by recovering the duchy of Milan ( 1515 ), but failed in his bid to be elected Holy Roman Emperor ( 1519 ). In 1520 he tried to secure the support of Henry VIII of England against the successful candidate, Charles V , at the ...

Francis I

Francis I (1494–1547)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
59 words

...01 Francis I 1494 – 1547 French monarch , King from 1515 Of all I had, only honour and life have been spared. letter to his mother following his defeat at Pavia, 1525, usually quoted as ‘All is lost, save honour’ in Collection des Documents Inédits sur l'Histoire de France (1847) vol. 1; see misquotations honour and life honour and ...

Francis I

Francis I (1494–1547)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
75 words

...001 Francis I 1494 – 1547 French monarch , King from 1515 De toutes choses ne m'est demeuré que l'honneur et la vie qui est saulve. Of all I had, only honour and life have been spared. letter to his mother following his defeat at Pavia, 1525; usually quoted as ‘All is lost save honour’ in Collection des Documents Inédits sur l'Histoire de France (1847) vol. 1 All is lost save honour All is lost save ...

Francis I

Francis I (1494–1547)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
65 words

...001 Francis I 1494 – 1547 French monarch , King from 1515 De toutes choses ne m'est demeuré que l'honneur et la vie qui est saulve. Of all I had, only honour and life have been spared. letter to his mother following his defeat at Pavia, 1525; see misquotations in Collection des Documents Inédits sur l'Histoire de France (1847) vol. 1 honour and life honour and ...

Francis Joseph I

Francis Joseph I (b. 18 Aug. 1830)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
180 words

...Francis Joseph I ( b. 18 Aug. 1830 ; d. 21 Nov. 1916 ) Emperor of Austria 1848–1916 , King of Hungary 1867–1916 He succeeded to the throne of Austria amid the revolutions of 1848 , which shaped his conservative and anti‐democratic outlook. In 1867 , with the formation of the Dual Monarchy, he became also King of Hungary. He subsequently opposed all nationalist demands from the multitude of peoples in his Empire. He was suspicious of parliamentary institutions, trusting instead in the virtues of a (fictitiously) efficient, centralized...

Francis I of France

Francis I of France (1494–1547)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,211 words

...1905–1935. Jourda, Pierre . Marguerite d'Angoulême . 2 vols. Paris, 1930. Jacquart, Jean . François 1er . Paris, 1981. Knecht, Robert Jean . Francis I, ‘Defender of the Faith’? In Wealth and Power in Tudor England , edited by Eric Williams Ives , Robert Jean Knecht , and J. J. Scarisbrick . London, 1978. ——. Renaissance Warrior and Patron: The Reign of Francis I . Cambridge, 1994. Lecoq, Anne-Marie . François I er imaginaire . Paris, 1987. Robert Jean...

Francis I

Francis I   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
50 words
Francis I

Francis I   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
52 words
Francis I

Francis I   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
31 words
Francis I

Francis I   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
56 words
Francis I

Francis I  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1708–65) Holy Roman Emperor (1745–65),Duke of Lorraine (1729–35) and Tuscany (1737–65). In 1736, he married the Habsburg heiress Maria Theresa. Her accession (1740) precipitated the War of the ...
Francis I

Francis I  

(1494–1547)King of France (1515–47). He was in many respects an archetypal Renaissance prince, able, quick-witted, and licentious, and a patron of art and learning, but he developed into a cruel ...
Much Ado About Nothing

Much Ado About Nothing   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,843 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...so long-winded and inept that he dismisses them to proceed on their own. 4.1 At the wedding service, conducted by Friar Francis, Claudio gives Hero back to her father, accusing her, with the support of Don Pedro and Don John, of falsehood, and recounting that he saw her entertain a lover at her chamber window the previous night. Hero faints before her three accusers leave. Leonato, convinced of her guilt, wishes she were dead, but Friar Francis, questioning her as she revives, is persuaded of her innocence. Leonato and Benedick agree, on the Friar’s advice, to...

Croatian, Serbian, and Bosniak Family Names

Croatian, Serbian, and Bosniak Family Names   Reference library

Simon Lenarčič

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
4,879 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in Istria and Dalmatia. Hungarian Influence Croatia and the northern part of present‑day Serbia (i.e. Vojvodina) were under Hungarian rule between the 12th century and 1527, and again during the last decades of the Habsburg Empire, hence the influence of the Hungarian language is quite notable in Croatian surnames and also in Serbian surnames from Vojvodina. Examples of surnames which are derivatives of Hungarian personal names or words include ferenc ‘Francis’, Lakatoš ‘locksmith’ (derived from Hungarian lakatos ; see lakatos ), Lauš ‘Louis’ (derived...

Italian Family Names

Italian Family Names   Reference library

Enzo Caffarelli

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
4,064 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...mediterraneo . Pisa: University Press. Bizzocchi, Roberto (2014): I cognomi degli italiani . Roma-Bari: Laterza. Bonifacio, Marino (2004): Cognomi triestini . Trieste: Lint. Caffarelli, Enzo (1999, 2000, 2001): Cognomi italiani. Storia curiosità, significati, e classifiche: 1. I più diffusi a livello nazionale; 2. I più frequenti e tipici regione per regione; 3. I più diffusi e caratteristici in 400 comuni . Turin: SEAT, Pagine Gialle. Caffarelli, Enzo , and Carla Marcato (2008): I cognomi d’Italia, Dizionario storico ed etimologico . Torino: Utet....

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