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Francesco Borromini

 (1599–1667) Italian architect, pioneer of the Baroque. Borromini (originally named Francesco Castelli) was born in Italian-speaking Switzerland, emigrating twice, first as a ...

Borromini, Francesco

Borromini, Francesco (1599–1667)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
69 words

..., Francesco ( 1599–1667 ) Italian baroque architect . Borromini was the most inventive figure of the three masters of Roman baroque (the others were Bernini and Pietro da Cortona). His hallmark was a dynamic hexagonal design based on intersecting equilateral triangles and circles, such as the spectacular Sant'Ivo della Sapienza (begun 1642 ). His masterpieces include San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane ( 1638–41 ) and Sant'Agnese in Piazza Navona ( 1653–55...

Borromini, Francesco

Borromini, Francesco (1599–1667)   Reference library

Joseph Connors

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,209 words

..., Francesco ( 1599–1667 ) Italian architect , pioneer of the Baroque . Borromini (originally named Francesco Castelli) was born in Italian-speaking Switzerland, emigrating twice, first as a 10-year-old to Milan, and then aged 20 to Rome, where he remained until his death. Milan exerted a formative influence on this precocious teenager, above and beyond his apprenticeship in sculpture at the cathedral. He absorbed the mathematical and artistic culture fostered by Cardinal Federico Borromeo. The boy who saw the Ambrosiana Library rise was to become...

Borromini, Francesco

Borromini, Francesco (1599–1667)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,000 words
Illustration(s):
2

..., Francesco ( 1599–1667 ) One of the greatest Baroque architects in C17 Rome, he was born Francesco Castello near Como, studied sculpture in Milan (where he probably met masons working on late- Gothic forms at the Duomo ), and was apprenticed to his relative, Maderno , from c. 1620, before assisting ( 1629–33 ) Bernini (of whom he was critical and jealous) at San Pietro , Rome. Fascinated by the teachings of Galileo Galilei (1564–1642—who held that mathematics was the key to Nature, and that geometrical figures were Nature’s pictographs),...

Borromini, Francesco

Borromini, Francesco (1599–1667)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

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Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
704 words

..., Francesco ( 1599–1667 ), Italian sculptor and architect. He was contemporary with Bernini , and at one time worked for him, but where Bernini's temperament was open and sanguine, Borromini was difficult, envious of the success of his rival, and neurotic to the point of ending his life in suicide. He was a distant relative of Maderno , who employed him on decorative stone-carving and on alterations at St Peter's, Rome, and after Maderno's death in 1629 he became Bernini's assistant there and elsewhere. He worked in Rome all his life, but sometimes...

Borromini, Francesco

Borromini, Francesco   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
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32 words
Borromini, Francesco

Borromini, Francesco   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

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English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Borromini, Francesco

Borromini, Francesco   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
Francesco Borromini

Francesco Borromini  

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 (1599–1667) Italian architect, pioneer of the Baroque.Borromini (originally named Francesco Castelli) was born in Italian-speaking Switzerland, emigrating twice, first as a 10-year-old to Milan, and ...
Borromini capital

Borromini capital  

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Type of Composite capital with incurving volutes used by the Bastards at Blandford Forum, Dorset, in the 1730s, and by Thomas Archer in the 1720s. It was derived from a capital favoured by Borromini.
Bastard Brothers

Bastard Brothers  

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(John (1688–1770) and William (c. 1689–1766). English architect-builders who worked in Dorset, and rebuilt Blandford Forum in a vernacular Baroque style from 1731 after that town had been destroyed ...
Antonio Gherardi

Antonio Gherardi  

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(1644–1702).Italian painter and architect, he remodelled the Avila Chapel, Santa Maria in Trastévere, Rome (c.1686), in which space is magically extended in all directions, notably upwards, where ...
cable

cable  

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1 Rope-moulding carved to look like a rope, with twisted strands, found in Roman Antiquity (e.g. Corinthian Order of the thermae at Nîmes), but mostly associated with Romanesque architecture, ...
Giovanni Antonio de Rossi

Giovanni Antonio de Rossi  

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(1616–95).Roman Baroque architect. He designed the Church of Santa Maria in Publicolis, Rome (1641–3), the façade of which was designed with scenographic aspects in mind. His Santa Maria in ...
Laurids Lauridsen Thura(h)

Laurids Lauridsen Thura(h)  

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(1706–59).Danish architect. He became Architect to the Danish Court in 1733, after a tour of Europe (1729–31), and developed an enviable reputation as the finest late-Baroque architect of his time in ...
Gilles-Marie Oppenord

Gilles-Marie Oppenord  

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(b Paris, 27 July 1672; d Paris, 13 March 1742).French architect, designer and illustrator. Of Flemish descent, his father (d1715) was ébeniste ordinaire du roi to Louis XIV (reg ...
Carlo Rainaldi

Carlo Rainaldi  

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 (1611–91) Italian architect.Rainaldi’s first major project was rather unsuccessful. His plan for rebuilding the old church of S. Agnese in Piazza Navona, a Greek cross with the ends culminating ...
Giovanni Battista Montano

Giovanni Battista Montano  

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(1534–1621).Italian architect, of primary importance as a recorder of Antique Roman architectural remains. Engravings were made of his drawings by his pupil G. B. Soria, the first volume published as ...
Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel

Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel  

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(1677–1723).Born in Prague, he was one of the most original and inventive architects of C18 Bohemia. He mingled Baroque and Gothic styles, as at the Church of the Assumption at Sedlec (1701–6), the ...
Paolo Portoghesi

Paolo Portoghesi  

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(1931– ).Italian architect who established his practice in Rome in 1958 and formed a partnership with Vittorio Gigliotti in 1964. He was among the first modern Italian architects to turn to ...
Guarino Guarini

Guarino Guarini  

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 (1624–83) Italian architect.His work represents the ultimate achievement of Italian Baroque structural engineering, creating in stone what could be attempted today in reinforced concrete. Guarini ...

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