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Francesco di Giorgio

(bapt. Siena, 23 Sept. 1439; bur. Siena, 29 Nov. 1501). Sienese painter, sculptor, architect, military engineer, and writer, a pupil of the equally versatile Vecchietta. He ...

Francesco di Giorgio

Francesco di Giorgio (1439–1501)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
190 words

... di Giorgio ( 1439–1501 ). Italian painter, sculptor, architect, and engineer, born in Siena. Before Leonardo , whom he probably knew, di Giorgio came closest to the ideals of the Renaissance artist. Accomplished in all the arts, he first trained with Vecchietta . His early works include cassone paintings and religious works in the refined tradition of Sienese painting. Eventually he assimilated stylistic traditions from Florence, noticeable in the plastic modelling of the figures in his monumental Coronation of the Virgin ( 1472–4 ; Siena,...

Francesco di Giorgio

Francesco di Giorgio   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
201 words

... di Giorgio ( bapt . Siena, 23 Sept. 1439 ; bur . Siena, 29 Nov. 1501 ). Sienese painter, sculptor, architect, military engineer, and writer, a pupil of the equally versatile Vecchietta . He painted mainly during the early part of his career and few pictures certainly by him survive; the most important are a signed Nativity ( c. 1475 ) and a documented Coronation of the Virgin ( 1472–4 ), both in the Pinacoteca at Siena. As a sculptor, his major works are two bronze angels ( 1489–97 ) on the high altar of Siena Cathedral. Francesco was widely...

Francesco di Giorgio

Francesco di Giorgio   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
196 words

... di Giorgio ( bapt. Siena , 23 Sept. 1439 ; bur. Siena , 29 Nov. 1501 ). Sienese painter , sculptor , architect , military engineer , and writer , a pupil of the equally versatile Vecchietta . He painted mainly during the early part of his career and few pictures certainly by him survive: the most important are a signed Nativity ( c .1475 ) and a documented Coronation of the Virgin ( 1472–4 ), both in the Pinacoteca in Siena. As a sculptor, his major works are two bronze angels ( 1489–97 ) on the high altar of Siena Cathedral. Francesco...

Francesco di Giorgio Martini

Francesco di Giorgio Martini (1439–1501)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
97 words

... di Giorgio Martini ( 1439–1501 ) Prolific painter , sculptor , architect , military *engineer , and writer from *Siena . He designed churches, fortifications, and other buildings in *Urbino , Cortona, and elsewhere. His notebooks and treatises contain important discussions and *drawings relevant to *architecture , fortification, and machines. See also castles, fortifications, and fortresses ; siege machines . Pamela O. Long F. P. Fiore and M. Tafuri , Francesco di Giorgio architetto (1993). Francesco di Giorgio Martini , Trattati ...

Francesco di Giorgio Martini

Francesco di Giorgio Martini   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
329 words

...include the churches of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Siena and San Bernardino in Urbino and the Palazzo Ducale in Gubbio. Dizionario biografico degli italiani ; The Dictionary of Art ; Luciano Bellosi (ed.), Francesco di Giorgio e il Rinascimento a Siena, 1450–1500 (1993); F. P. Fiore and M. Taturi (eds.), Francesco di Giorgio architetto ...

Giorgio Martini (Pollaiolo), Francesco Maurizio di

Giorgio Martini (Pollaiolo), Francesco Maurizio di (1439–1501)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
181 words

... Martini (Pollaiolo), Francesco Maurizio di ( 1439–1501 /2) Sienese architect / theorist / engineer . His architectural tracts (1475–92) and version of Vitruvius were influential in C16. He proposed a complete theory for Renaissance architecture based on that of Antiquity, argued for the placing of altars in centralized church-plans, gave a rational explanation of ecclesiastical symbolism, and invented fortifications that were a defence against gunfire. On moving to Urbino (1476) he contributed (possibly the refined loggia ) to the design of...

Francesco di Giorgio

Francesco di Giorgio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(bapt. Siena, 23 Sept. 1439; bur. Siena, 29 Nov. 1501).Sienese painter, sculptor, architect, military engineer, and writer, a pupil of the equally versatile Vecchietta. He painted mainly during the ...
5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

Christopher de Hamel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...a monk from 1390 at the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Florence; Zanobi Strozzi ( 1412–68 ), who worked also with Fra Angelico ; ser Ricciardo di Nanni , fl . 1445–80 ; Bartolomeo d’Antonio Varnucci ( 1410–79 ); Francesco d’Antonio del Chierico ( 1433–84 ); Gherardo di Giovanni ( c .1446–97 ); Monte de Giovanni ( 1448–1532/3 ); and Vante di Gabriello di Vanti Attavanti ( 1452–1520/25 , known as Attavante). Many MSS were produced in Milan and other places in Lombardy. Important illuminators there included Giovannino de...

Baccio Pontelli

Baccio Pontelli  

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(1450–94/5).Florentine architect, sculptor, and engineer celebrated for his impressive fortifications, e.g. those at Ostia, with massive machicolations (1483–6). He worked on the Ducal Palace at ...
studiolo

studiolo  

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(Italian, ‘little studio’)In the Italian Renaissance a small room, often lavishly decorated, dedicated to reading, studying, and writing. Celebrated examples included those of Isabella d'Este in the ...
Poppi

Poppi  

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(1544–97).Italian painter. Francesco Morandini was generally called Poppi after his birthplace, a small mountain village between Florence and Arezzo. He was mainly active in Florence, where he was a ...
Giovanni Antonio Amadeo

Giovanni Antonio Amadeo  

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(1447–1522),Italian sculptor and architect, born in Pavia, and from 1466 employed carving sculptures for the Certosa di Pavia; from 1481 to 1499 he served as principal architect, in which ...
Neroccio de' Landi

Neroccio de' Landi  

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(b Siena, 1447; d Siena, 1500).Sienese painter and sculptor. He was probably a pupil of Vecchietta and worked in partnership with Francesco di Giorgio in the early 1470s. Most of his paintings are ...
Luciano Laurana

Luciano Laurana  

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(c. 1420–79).Born in Dalmatia, he was a key figure in the transition from Renaissance to the High Renaissance of Leonardo and Bramante. In 1465 he provided a design for the Palazzo Ducale, Urbino, ...
Italian architecture

Italian architecture  

In the late twelfth century the Romanesque and Byzantine traditions of Italian architecture began to be penetrated by Gothic architecture, which in Italy as elsewhere was introduced from France by ...
Naples: patronage and collecting

Naples: patronage and collecting  

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As a centre of art, Naples has played a major role in Italy since the end of the 13th century. The Angevins (1266–1414) recruited important artists to renew the capital ...
history, architectural

history, architectural  

Many of the first architectural historians were also its first theorists (Francesco di Giorgio, known for his writings on urban planning, wrote a history of the walls of Florence (1475–92) ...
Vecchietta

Vecchietta  

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(bapt. Siena, 11 Aug. 1410; d Siena, 6 June 1480).One of the outstanding Sienese artists of the 15th century, a painter, sculptor, goldsmith, architect, and military engineer. His nickname, meaning ...
Florence: patronage and collecting

Florence: patronage and collecting  

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The traditional patronage of Church and guild which dominated the Middle Ages was supplemented in the early Renaissance by a new class of private patron, the beneficiaries of Florence's trading ...
town planning

town planning  

Regulation of the physical and social development of a geographical area in the pursuit of environmental, economic and social objectives. Often now just called planning.

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