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Form 20-F

In the USA, the form required by the Securities and Exchange Commission for the filing of annual results by non-US companies.

proteosome

proteosome  

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The 20S proteosome has 28 protein subunits arranged as an (α1–α7, β1–β7)2 complex in four stacked rings. The interior of the complex has the active sites. The β-type subunits are synthesized as ...
torsin

torsin  

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A subfamily of the AAA family of ATPases (torsin1A, 332 aa; torsin 1B, 289 aa; torsin 2A, 321 aa; torsin 3A, 397 aa) that are associated with the endoplasmic reticulum and the nuclear envelope. An ...
kallidin

kallidin  

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n. a naturally occurring polypeptide consisting of ten amino acids. Kallidin is a powerful vasodilator and causes contraction of smooth muscle; it is formed in the blood under certain conditions. See ...
adenosine deaminase

adenosine deaminase  

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An enzyme (ADA, EC 3.5.4.4, 363 aa) that deaminates adenosine and 2′-deoxyadenosine to inosine or 2′-deoxyinosine respectively. An autosomal recessive defect in ADA causes 20–30% of cases of severe ...
myelocyte

myelocyte  

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n. an immature form of granulocyte having an oval nucleus (Compare metamyelocyte) and neutrophil, eosinophil, or basophil granules within its cytoplasm (Compare promyelocyte). It is normally found in ...
kinase

kinase  

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n.1. an agent that can convert the inactive form of an enzyme (see proenzyme) to the active form. 2. an enzyme that catalyses the transfer of phosphate groups. An example is phosphofructokinase.1. an ...
chyme

chyme  

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n. the semiliquid acid mass that is the form in which food passes from the stomach to the small intestine. It is produced by the action of gastric juice and the churning movements of the stomach.
BRCA

BRCA  

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Genes associated with susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer. Women with mutations in either of these genes have a 56–85% risk of developing breast cancer, and this form of the cancer tends to ...
scintillator

scintillator  

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n. a substance that produces a fluorescent flash when struck by high-energy radiation, such as beta or gamma rays. In medicine the most commonly used scintillator is a crystal of thallium-activated ...
interleukin 13

interleukin 13  

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(IL-13)An anti-inflammatory cytokine (NC30, p600) produced by activated T cells, a nonglycosylated protein (132 aa) that down-regulates macrophage activity; inhibits production of IL-6 and other ...
spinal muscular atrophy

spinal muscular atrophy  

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(SMA) a hereditary condition in which cells of the spinal cord die and the muscles in the arms and legs become progressively weaker. Eventually the respiratory muscles are affected and death usually ...
macrophage inflammatory protein

macrophage inflammatory protein  

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(MIPs)Murine cytokines with closely related human homologues. MIP1 was originally identified as a murine cytokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Two peptides (69 aa) are responsible, ...
invagination

invagination  

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n.1. the infolding of the wall of a solid structure to form a cavity. This occurs in some stages of the development of embryos. 2. see intussusception.1. the infolding of the wall of a solid ...
synovial membrane

synovial membrane  

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(synovium) the membrane, composed of mesothelium and connective tissue, that forms the sac enclosing a freely movable joint (see diarthrosis). It secretes the lubricating synovial fluid.
trophic

trophic  

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Something associated with food or nutrition, often as combining form (e.g. neurotrophic). Not to be confused with tropic (stimulatory).
hematology

hematology  

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The medical specialty dealing with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs.
globin

globin  

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n. a protein, found in the body, that can combine with iron-containing groups to form haemoglobin (which is found in red blood cells) and myoglobin (found in muscle).
mannose

mannose  

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A monosaccharide, C6H12O6, stereoisomeric with glucose, that occurs naturally only in polymerized forms called mannans. These are found in plants, fungi, and bacteria, serving as food energy stores.
bradykinin

bradykinin  

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n. a naturally occurring polypeptide consisting of nine amino acids. Bradykinin is a very powerful vasodilator and causes contraction of smooth muscle; it is formed in the blood under certain ...
fibrin

fibrin  

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The insoluble protein that forms fibres at the site of an injury and is the foundation of a blood clot. See blood clotting.

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