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Form 20-F

In the USA, the form required by the Securities and Exchange Commission for the filing of annual results by non-US companies.

Cayman Islands

Cayman Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
737 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Islands Basic information Land area: 260 sq. km People: Mixed ancestry 40%, black 20%, white 20%, expatriates 20%. Language: English Religion: Protestant 68%, Roman Catholic 14%, other 8% Government : Overseas territory of the UK Population (2017 estimate): 62,000 Percentage urban: 100% Population estimate for 2035: 74,000 Life expectancy at birth 2014: 83.9 (F), 78.4 (M) Capital city: George Town, 31,000 Currency: Cayman Islands dollar Major exports: financial services, turtle products GDP per head, $PPP...

Luxembourg

Luxembourg   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
678 words
Illustration(s):
2

... 583,000 Percentage urban: 90.2% Population estimate for 2035: 707,000 Life expectancy at birth 2015: 84.1 (F), 79.6 (M) Capital city: Luxembourg, 107,000 Currency: Euro Major exports: financial services, steel, chemicals, rubber products GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $105,882 Human Development Index rank: 20 out of 188 Gender Equality Index rank: 13 out of 159 Environmental Performance Indicator rank: 20 out of 180 The country The northern one-third of Luxembourg is mountainous, with dense forests. The more fertile part...

Slovenia

Slovenia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,267 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Slovenia Basic information Land area: 20,000 sq. km. People: Slovene 83%, Croat 2%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, other 12% Language: Slovenian, Serbo-Croat, Italian, Hungarian Religion: Roman Catholic 58%, Muslim 3%, Orthodox 2%, other or none 37% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 2.08 million Percentage urban: 50% Population estimate for 2035: 2.04 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 83.5 (F), 77.6 (M) Capital city: Ljubljana, 279,000 Currency: Euro Major exports: cars and car parts, electrical equipment...

New Caledonia

New Caledonia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
638 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Overseas territory of France Population (2017 estimate): 276,000 Percentage urban: 70% Population estimate for 2035: 337,000 Life expectancy at birth 2014: 81.7 (F), 73.5 (M) Capital city: Nouméa, 181,000 Currency: CFP franc Major exports: nickel, seafood GDP per head, $PPP (2016): n/a The country Most of this Pacific country is formed by Grande Terre, a long island dominated by a mountain range that runs its entire length and descends steeply to hills and a narrow coastal plain. The country also includes many other...

Macau

Macau   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
557 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Contemporary politics Following agreement about the return of Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1984 , Macau’s return to Chinese administration under similar conditions became inevitable. In 1987 , the Chinese and Portuguese governments agreed that Macau would return to China on 20 December 1999 as a Special Administrative Region, in which capitalism would be maintained. Transition to Chinese rule was never as problematic as for neighbouring Hong Kong; Macau’s territory was much smaller (less than one-tenth in size) and much poorer (less than half the per...

Latvia

Latvia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,173 words
Illustration(s):
2

...area: 65,000 sq. km People: Latvian 61%, Russian 26%, Belarusian 4%, Ukrainian 2%, Polish 2%, other 5% Language: Latvian, Russian Religion: Lutheran 20%, Orthodox 15%, other Christian 1%, other 64% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 1.95 million Percentage urban: 67.4% Population estimate for 2035: 1.68 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 79.0 (F), 69.3 (M) Capital city: Riga, 621,000 Currency: Euro Major exports: timber, wood products, machinery, metals, foodstuffs, garments GDP per head, $PPP (2016):...

North Macedonia

North Macedonia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,519 words
Illustration(s):
2

...in the Albanian-dominated city of Gostivar. In the general election in 1998 , the VMRO-DPMNE, formed a centre-right coalition government. Its main partner was the new pro-business Democratic Alternative ( DA ) Party, along with the Democratic Party of Albanians ( DPA ), a radical separatist group. It did deal successfully with the Albanian insurgent campaign of 2001 but lost the parliamentary election of 2002 . This saw a return for the SDSM which formed a coalition with the ethnic Albanian party Democratic Union for Integration ( DUI ), which also...

Belgium

Belgium   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,418 words
Illustration(s):
2

...under Yves Leterme, were the largest party, they were unable to form a coalition until March 2008 and his period as prime minister ended in December amid accusations over the government role in rescuing banks that failed in the global financial crisis. In January 2009 Herman van Rompuy became prime minister, but within nine months he was president of the European Council and Leterme returned. Elections in 2010 produced no stable outcome and it took more than a year to form a six-party coalition led by the Socialist Elio di Rupa , and a degree...

Croatia

Croatia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,509 words
Illustration(s):
2

...coastline had long been a major package-tourist attraction—notably the ancient city of Dubrovnik, which took a severe battering from the Yugoslav army in 1991 . Since then tourism has revived, especially from cruise ships. Croatia had nearly 20 million visitors in 2015 , a record number, and tourism contributes around 20 per cent of GDP and 14 per cent of jobs. As in most industrialized countries, the majority of the workforce—around 70 per cent—are employed in services. Many of these people are employed in the large public sector and most of the rest in trade...

Estonia

Estonia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,115 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Roivas. Border tensions with Russia increased after Russia’s takeover of Crimea, and security concerns formed a major part of the election campaign in 2015 . The Reform Party gained the largest number of seats, ahead of the pro-Russian Centre Party, and Roivas led a coalition government. However, dissatisfaction with his handling of the stagnant economy led to a no confidence vote, and he resigned in November 2016 . A new coalition government was formed, led by Juri Ratas of the Centre Party. In 2017 , NATO troops arrived in the country to increase...

Lesotho

Lesotho   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,301 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Lesotho Basic information Land area: 30,000 sq. km People: Basotho Language: Sesotho, English, Zulu, Xhosa Religion: Christian 80%, indigenous 20% Government: Constitutional monarchy Population (2017 estimate): 2.23 million Percentage urban: 27.3% Population estimate for 2035: 2.75 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 50.0 (F), 49.9 (M) Capital city: Maseru, 267,000 Currency: Lesotho loti Major exports: garments, footwear, diamonds, livestock GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $3,026 Human Development Index rank:...

Pakistan

Pakistan   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,001 words
Illustration(s):
2

...15%, Sindhi 14%, Sariaki 9%, Muhagirs 8%, Baluch 4%, other 5% Language: Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Pashtu, Urdu, Baluchi, other 14% Religion: Sunni Muslim 77%, Shia Muslim 20%, other 3% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 197.02 million Percentage urban: 38.8% Population estimate for 2035: 261.09 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 67.4 (F), 65.4 (M) Capital city: Islamabad, 1.4 million Currency: Pakistani rupee Major exports: cotton textiles, garments, cotton yarn, rice GDP per head, $PPP (2015): $5,249...

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,317 words
Illustration(s):
2

...than achieving increases in productivity. The main commercial crop is cotton. Burkina Faso is one of the region’s leading producers, and cotton brings in around 15 per cent of export income. Other cash crops include shea nuts, sesame seeds, and sugar cane. Even so, only around 20 per cent of the land is under cultivation: much of the rest of the territory, particularly in the north, is given over to livestock, largely for export to neighbouring countries such as Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire. The economy of Burkina Faso is being transformed by the exploitation of...

Malawi

Malawi   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,267 words
Illustration(s):
2

...reduced it. It banned the export of maize in 2018 to conserve stocks as production fell by around 20 per cent, a decline also influenced by pests and drought. Food shortages were again being experienced. Cash crops have also been important, particularly tobacco, which provides approaching half of export income, along with tea, sugar, and cotton. Previously the policy was to concentrate cash crops on large commercial estates (which still occupy around 20 per cent of arable land) but the government has also encouraged smallholders by offering better...

Comoros

Comoros   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
812 words
Illustration(s):
2

...country remains reliant on foreign aid (around 13 per cent of GNP). Population density and land shortage are forcing migration to the towns, or overseas; around 150,000 now live abroad, and their remittances amount to around 20 per cent of GNP. Many migrants have died at sea on the 80 km crossing to the French colony of Mayotte, which forms part of the EU. Economic activity is dominated by the government. Significant financial aid is provided by Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Contemporary politics The islands were a French colony grouped with the nearby island of Mayotte...

Haiti

Haiti   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,455 words
Illustration(s):
2

... General Raul Cédras . The coup in turn outraged the international community. Eventually Cédras withdrew, 20,000 US troops arrived and Aristide returned. Constitutionally, he was not eligible to stand in the 1991 elections. In his place the Lavalas candidate, duly elected, was René Préval . The government was obliged to impose IMF-style spending cuts and privatization programmes. Aristide carefully distanced himself from these measures and formed a breakaway party called Fanmi (‘family’) Lavalas. After several postponements an election in May 2000 gave...

Moldova

Moldova   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,325 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of the whole government by parliament in October 2015 after its dismal failure to control the banking industry at such a cost to the nation. When a new government was formed in January 2016 , led by Pavel Filip of the pro-EU Democratic party, it immediately faced massive anti-corruption and pro-Russian street protests. Later in 2016 , in the first direct election of a president in 20 years, the pro-Russian Igor Dodon was elected, increasing the pressure on the pro-EU government. In 2018, concerns over the independence of the judiciary, who invalidated...

Norway

Norway   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,196 words
Illustration(s):
2

...him to form a new coalition government. At the next general election in 2001 there was no clear mandate and after extensive negotiations Bondevik and the KrF returned at the head of a ‘cooperation government’ that included the Conservatives and the Liberals. People were becoming increasingly concerned, however, that Norway’s wealth was not being translated into even better public services—with staff shortages in hospitals and other services. As a result Labour and Jens Stoltenberg returned to office in 2005 with a comfortable majority, forming a...

Germany

Germany   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,770 words
Illustration(s):
2

...environment. The country has intensive systems of recycling. In 2011 , after the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, Germany announced a closure plan for all its nuclear power stations, then providing around 20 per cent of its electricity, by 2022 . Replacing such vital baseload production, by more fluctuating renewable energy sources, currently at 20 per cent of output, is proving challenging, not least because it has required burning more coal to provide a base supply of electricity. Contemporary politics Germany is a federal state with 15 states, or länder...

Portugal

Portugal   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,218 words
Illustration(s):
2

...former emigrants returned and over the period 2002–7 Portugal had net immigration. This changed with the impact of Portugal’s financial crisis in 2009 , which saw young Portuguese leaving both to other European countries and also to Angola and other former colonies. By 2015 , 20 per cent of those born in Portugal lived outside the country and 110,000 (around 1 per cent of the population) left in just one year ( 2013 ). The economy Portugal certainly benefited from membership of the EU. Between 1986 when it joined and 1996 , per capita income grew from...

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