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Form 20-F

In the USA, the form required by the Securities and Exchange Commission for the filing of annual results by non-US companies.

coral

coral   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
40 words

...Small, cnidarian marine animal of class Anthozoa, often found in colonies. The limestone skeletons secreted by each animal polyp accumulate to form a coral reef . Reef-building corals are found only in waters with temperatures in excess of 20°C (68°F...

neon

neon   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
89 words

... William Ramsey and English chemist Morris Travers ( 1872–1961 ), its main use is in discharge tubes for advertising signs (emitting a red glow) and in gas lasers, geiger counters, and particle detectors. It forms no compounds. Properties: at.no. 10; r.a.m. 20.179; m.p. −248.67°C (−415.6°F); b.p. −246.05°C (−410.89°F); most common isotope Ne 20 ...

xenon

xenon   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
96 words

...English chemist Morris Travers ( 1872–1961 ). Xenon is present in the Earth's atmosphere (about one part in 20 million) and is obtained by fractionation of liquid air. Colourless and odourless, it is used in light bulbs, lasers and arc lamps for cinema projection. The element, which has nine stable isotopes, forms some compounds, mostly with fluorine . Properties: at.no. 54; r.a.m. 131.30; r.d. 5.88; m.p. −111.9°C (−169.42°F); b.p. −107.1°C (−160.8°F); most common isotope Xe 132 ...

Ethiopia

Ethiopia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
651 words
Illustration(s):
4

...largest lake). The Danakil Desert forms Ethiopia's border with Eritrea. Grass, farmland, and trees cover most of the highlands. Semi-desert and tropical savanna cover parts of the lowlands. Dense rainforest grows in the SW. Climate Ethiopia's climate is greatly affected by altitude. Addis Ababa, at 2,450m [8,000ft], has an average annual temperature of 20°C [68°F]. Rainfall is generally over 1,000mm [39in], with a rainy season from April to September. The NE and SW lowlands are extremely hot and arid with less than 500mm [20in] rainfall, and frequent...

Swaziland

Swaziland   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Current Version:
2004
Subject:
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Length:
528 words
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4

...only 6%. Climate The Lowveld is almost tropical, with an average temperature of 22°C [72°F] and a low rainfall of 500mm [20in] a year. The altitude moderates the climate in the W of the country. Mbabane has a climate typical of the Highveld with warm summers and cool winters. History In the 18th century, according to tradition, a group of Bantu-speaking people under the Swazi Chief Ngwane II crossed the Lebombo range and united with local African groups to form the Swazi nation. In the 1840s, under attack from the Zulu, the Swazi sought British...

Costa Rica

Costa Rica   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
596 words
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4

...forests cover around 50% of Costa Rica. Oaks grow in the highlands, palm trees along the Caribbean coast and mangrove swamps are common on the Pacific coast. Climate The Meseta Central benefits from a pleasant climate and an average annual temperature of 20°C [68 F], compared with more than 27°C [81 F] on the coast. The coolest months are December and January. The NE trade winds bring heavy rain to the Caribbean coast. There is only half as much rainfall in the the highlands and on the Pacific coastlands as occurs on the Caribbean coast. History Christopher...

Angola

Angola   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
750 words
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4

...of France, on the SW coast of Africa. The majority of the country is part of the plateau that forms most of S Africa, with a narrow coastal plain in the W. Angola has many rivers. In the NE, several rivers flow N to become tributaries of the River Congo , while in the S some rivers, including the Cubango (Okavango) and the Cuanda, flow SE into inland drainage basins in the interior of Africa. Climate Angola has a tropical climate, with temperatures of over 20°C [68°F] all year round, though upland areas are cooler. The coastal regions are dry, increasingly so...

East Timor

East Timor   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Current Version:
2004
Subject:
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Length:
887 words
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3

...who were widely believed to have the backing of the Indonesian government, caused massive destruction until an international peace-keeping force restored order. An estimated 1,400 people were killed and 250,000 were displaced. Politics East Timor gained full independence on 20 May 2002 and became the 191st member of the United Nations in September. The UN set up a Mission of Support in East Timor to help the Timorese authorities. The country's first president, a ceremonial head of state, was Xanana Gusmao who took 82.6% of the votes in a presidential...

United States of America

United States of America   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Current Version:
2004
Subject:
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Length:
1,778 words
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4

...was readily adopted by most immigrants in the late 19th and early 20th century, because they sought acceptance in the ‘melting pot’ that makes up the United States; however, many of the recent Hispanic immigrants persist in speaking Spanish, which has become the country's second language. Many Americans are concerned about this trend towards ‘cultural pluralism’. From the 1890s, the United States developed into a world power, and played a leading role in international affairs throughout the 20th century. It played a key role in both World Wars; after the...

radon

radon   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
81 words

...gas which is the densest gas known. It was first discovered ( 1899 ) by New Zealand-born British physicist Ernest Rutherford . The 20 known isotopes, which are alpha particle emitters, are present in the Earth's atmosphere in trace amounts. Radon is mainly used in medical radiotherapy . Chemically, it is mostly inert but does form fluoride compounds. Properties: at.no. 86; r.d. 9.73; m.p. −71°C (−95.8°F); b.p. −61.8°C (−79.24 °F); most stable isotope Rn 222 (half-life 3.8...

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla (1918-2013)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
Jan 2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
205 words

..., and for the next 20 years led the campaign of civil disobedience against South Africa's apartheid government. Following the Sharpeville Massacre ( 1960 ), Mandela formed Umkhonte We Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), a paramilitary wing of the ANC. In 1961 , the ANC was banned. In 1962 , Mandela was acquitted on charges of treason, but in 1964 he was sentenced to life imprisonment for political offences. He spent the next 27 years in prison on Robben Island, becoming a symbol of resistance to apartheid. International sanctions forced F. W. de Klerk to...

American literature

American literature   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
635 words

.... The style and decadence of the ‘jazz age’ in 1920s New York was captured by F. Scott Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby ( 1925 ). The 1920s also witnessed the debut of the first great American dramatist, Eugene O'Neill . Writers such as John Steinbeck , Carson McCullers , and Eudora Welty emerged in the 1930s. Post-war literature and drama can be characterized by a sense of despair and the meaningless absurdity of artistic expression when confronted by the violence of the 20th century. In the 1950s, major dramatists such as Arthur Miller , Edward ...

Namibia

Namibia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
810 words
Illustration(s):
4

...spine of mountains stretching n-s. e Namibia contains part of the Kalahari , a semi-desert area which extends into Botswana. The Orange River forms Namibia's S border, while the Cunene and Cubango rivers form parts of the N borders. Climate Namibia has a warm and largely arid climate. Daily temperatures range from about 24°C [75°F] in January to 20°C [68°F] in July. Annual rainfall ranges from about 500mm [20in] in northern areas to between 25 and 150mm [1-6in] in the S. Most of the rain falls in summer. History The earliest inhabitants of the region were...

Singapore

Singapore   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
612 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Malacca formed the Straits Settlement, and Singapore soon became the most important British trading centre in Southeast Asia. The Straits Settlement became a Crown Colony in 1867 . Despite British defensive reinforcements in the early 20th century, Japanese forces seized the island in 1942 . Politics British rule returned in 1945 . In 1946 the Straits Settlement dissolved and Singapore became a separate colony. In 1959 Singapore achieved self-government. Following a referendum in 1963 Singapore merged with Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak to form the...

Slovak Republic

Slovak Republic   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
753 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Forests cover much of the mountain slopes and there is also extensive pasture. The SW Danubian lowlands form a fertile lowland region. The Danube forms part of the S border with Hungary. Climate Slovakia has a transitional climate, in between the mild conditions of W Europe and the continental conditions of Russia to the E. The conditions in Kosice, E Slovakia, are fairly typical. Temperatures can range from -3°C [27°F] in January to 20°C [68°F] in July. Kosice has an average annual rainfall of 600mm [24in]. The mountains have a more extreme climate,...

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
660 words
Illustration(s):
4

...make up 85-90% of its exports. area 2,150,000 sq km (830,000 sq miles) population 25,732,000 capital Riyadh government Absolute monarchy ethnic groups Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10% languages Arabic (official) religions Islam 100% currency Saudi riyal = 100 halalas GDP per capita 20,600...

Japan

Japan   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Feb 2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
1,710 words
Illustration(s):
4

...last erupted in 1707 . It is considered sacred, and is visited by thousands of pilgrims every year. Climate The climate of Japan varies greatly. Hokkaido in the N has cold, snowy winters. At Sapporo, temperatures below -20°C [4°F] have been recorded between December and March. Summers are warm, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C [86°F]. Rain falls throughout the year. Tokyo has the higher rainfall and temperatures while the islands of Shikoku and Kyushu in the S have warm temperate climates with hot summers and cold winters. History Most modern Japanese...

Cayman Islands

Cayman Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
737 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Islands Basic information Land area: 260 sq. km People: Mixed ancestry 40%, black 20%, white 20%, expatriates 20%. Language: English Religion: Protestant 68%, Roman Catholic 14%, other 8% Government : Overseas territory of the UK Population (2017 estimate): 62,000 Percentage urban: 100% Population estimate for 2035: 74,000 Life expectancy at birth 2014: 83.9 (F), 78.4 (M) Capital city: George Town, 31,000 Currency: Cayman Islands dollar Major exports: financial services, turtle products GDP per head, $PPP...

Luxembourg

Luxembourg   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
678 words
Illustration(s):
2

... 583,000 Percentage urban: 90.2% Population estimate for 2035: 707,000 Life expectancy at birth 2015: 84.1 (F), 79.6 (M) Capital city: Luxembourg, 107,000 Currency: Euro Major exports: financial services, steel, chemicals, rubber products GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $105,882 Human Development Index rank: 20 out of 188 Gender Equality Index rank: 13 out of 159 Environmental Performance Indicator rank: 20 out of 180 The country The northern one-third of Luxembourg is mountainous, with dense forests. The more fertile part...

Slovenia

Slovenia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,267 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Slovenia Basic information Land area: 20,000 sq. km. People: Slovene 83%, Croat 2%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, other 12% Language: Slovenian, Serbo-Croat, Italian, Hungarian Religion: Roman Catholic 58%, Muslim 3%, Orthodox 2%, other or none 37% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 2.08 million Percentage urban: 50% Population estimate for 2035: 2.04 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 83.5 (F), 77.6 (M) Capital city: Ljubljana, 279,000 Currency: Euro Major exports: cars and car parts, electrical equipment...

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