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Flavius Josephus

(c. 37–c. 100), Jewish historian, general, and Pharisee. His Jewish War gives an eyewitness account of the events leading up to the Jewish revolt against the Romans in 66, in ...

Josephus Flavius

Josephus Flavius   Reference library

Steven B. Bowman

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
346 words

...been wrongly attributed to Ambrose . Latin versions of Josephus have survived inter alia in a papyrus of the 6th–7th C. and a 9th-C. parchment MS. A recension of Josephus, the so-called Sepher Yosippon , was produced in Hebrew. Syriac, Slavic, Armenian, Georgian, and Arabic translations are also known. H. Schreckenberg , Die Flavius Josephus-Tradition in Antike und Mittelalter (Leiden 1972). R. Fishman-Duker , The Works of Josephus as a Source for Byzantine Chronicles (in Hebrew), in Flavius Josephus: Historian of Eretz-Israel in the Hellenistic-Roman...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius (37–c.100)   Reference library

Edward Youansamouth and Justin Mihoc

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
937 words

...Eng. tr. of Jewish War by G. A. Williamson (London, 1959). N. Bentwich , Josephus (Philadelphia, 1914). R. Laqueur , Der jüdische Historiker Flavius Josephus (Giessen, 1920). T. Rajak , Josephus: The Historian and his Society (London, 1983; 2nd edn., 2002). M. Hadas-Lebel , Flavius Josèphe: Le Juif de Rome (Paris, [1989]). S. Zeitlin , Josephus on Jesus (Philadelphia, 1931). A. Schlatter , Die Theologie des Judentums nach dem Bericht des Josephus (Beiträge zur Förderung christlicher Theologie, 2. Reihe, 26; Gütersloh, 1932). ...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
288 words

..., Flavius Historian, soldier, and political figure (first century ce ). Josephus, born to a priestly Palestinian family, was learned in the Torah but was also at home in the Roman culture of his day. While still quite young he visited Rome to intercede with the authorities on behalf of some Judaean priests who had been taken prisoner. In Rome Josephus was captivated by the rich cultural life he witnessed but while acquiring a typical Roman outlook on life he remained true to his own people and completely faithful to Judaism. During the Jewish War against...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius (37–c.100)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
89 words

..., Flavius (born Joseph ben Matthias ) ( c . 37– c .100 ) Jewish historian , general, and Pharisee . A leader of the Jewish revolt against the Romans from 66, he was captured in 67; his life was spared when he prophesied that Vespasian would become emperor. He subsequently received Roman citizenship and a pension, and is remembered as the author of the Jewish War , an eyewitness account of the events leading up to the revolt, and of Antiquities of the Jews , a history running from the Creation to 66....

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
191 words

..., Flavius Jewish historian who lived from about 37 to 100 ce ; during the rebellion against * Rome he was commander of the forces in * Galilee but was taken prisoner. He became the interpreter for * Vespasian during the siege of Jerusalem in 70 ce and afterwards resided in Rome, well-regarded by the emperors, Vespasian and * Titus . Josephus wrote the history of the Jewish War, laying blame for the revolt on a minority of fanatics. He tried to explain the Jewish faith to * Gentiles in his Antiquities of the Jewish People but a reference...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
733 words

..., Flavius . Our knowledge of the life of Josephus stems directly from his own writings, four of which have survived. These works form the most important sources of contemporary information about Jewish religious life, history, and culture during the last two pre‐Christian and first post‐Christian centuries. The life of Josephus ( 37–ca. 100 CE ) divides itself into two parts: his dramatic and controversial years in Judea and his residence in Rome as a client of the Flavian emperors. He was born in Jerusalem as Yosef ben Mattityahu . While still a...

JOSEPHUS FLAVIUS

JOSEPHUS FLAVIUS   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
307 words

... FLAVIUS (c.38–100), politician, soldier, and historian. During the Great Revolt against the Romans he was commander in Galilee, but when his fortress, Jotapata, was conquered, he went over to the Romans. As a prisoner-cum-ally of Rome, he took on the Flavian name, associated with the family of Vespasian (his Hebrew name was apparently Yosef ben Mattityahu ha-Kohen). Josephus accompanied Vespasian and Titus during the siege of Jerusalem and later lived in Rome, where he wrote books on Jewish history ( The Jewish War and Antiquities of the Jews ), a...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius (c.37–c.100)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
162 words

..., Flavius ( c. 37– c. 100 ), Jewish historian . He was a native of Palestine and a Pharisee . In 66 he took part in the Jewish War. After being taken prisoner, he won Vespasian's favour by prophesying that he would become emperor, and during the siege of Jerusalem he acted as interpreter to Titus. He returned with Titus to Rome and devoted himself to literary work. His Jewish War opens with a summary of events from the time of Antiochus Epiphanes to the outbreak of the war; the latter part is largely an eye-witness account. His Antiquities...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius (37–c.100)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
148 words

..., Flavius ( c. 37– c. 100 ) Jewish historian and Roman sympathizer who wrote in Greek for a Gentile audience. He obtained the favour of Vespasian by foretelling that he would one day become ruler of the Roman Empire. He was present at the siege and destruction of Jerusalem in 70, went to Rome with Titus, became a Roman citizen, and devoted himself to writing. His History of the Jewish War describes the Jews' struggle with Rome, much of it from his own experience. His Jewish Antiquities is a history of the Jews from the Creation down to the beginning...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius (c.37–c.100)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
148 words

..., Flavius ( c. 37– c. 100 ) Jewish historian and Roman sympathizer who wrote in Greek for a Gentile audience. He obtained the favour of Vespasian by foretelling that he would one day become ruler of the Roman Empire. He was present at the siege and destruction of Jerusalem in 70, went to Rome with Titus, became a Roman citizen, and devoted himself to writing. His History of the Jewish War describes the Jews' struggle with Rome, much of it from his own experience. His Jewish Antiquities is a history of the Jews from the Creation down to the beginning...

Josephus Flavius

Josephus Flavius   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...degree what Josephus overlooks in describing the Dead Sea sect to his readers. Rengstorf, Karl H. , ed. A Complete Concordance to Flavius Josephus . 4 vols. Leiden, 1973–1983. Extraordinarily accurate and complete, except for the small portion of Against Apion (2.51–133), which is extant only in the Latin version. Schreckenberg, Heinz . Bibliographie zu Flavius Josephus . Leiden, 1968. Supplementary volume, 1979. Lists books and articles, with brief summaries for most entries in German. Strugnell, John . “ Flavius Josephus and the Essenes:...

Jōsē'phus, Flāvius

Jōsē'phus, Flāvius (ad 37–after 93)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
398 words

..., Flāvius ( ad 37–after 93 ) Jewish priest and historian, who wrote in Greek. He visited Rome in early adulthood, returning to Jerusalem in 66 on the eve of the Jewish Revolt against Roman domination (Judaea having been a province since ad 6 ). He tried to persuade the nationalist leaders that war with Rome could lead only to disaster, but without success. When the revolt broke out in the same year, Josephus was given command of Galilee by the Sanhedrin (the supreme council in Jerusalem). He survived the siege of Jotapata and was captured; he...

Flavius Josephus

Flavius Josephus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... Josephus ( c. 37– c. 100 ), Jewish historian , general, and Pharisee. His Jewish War gives an eyewitness account of the events leading up to the Jewish revolt against the Romans in 66, in which he was a leader. His Antiquities of the Jews is a history running from the Creation to...

Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
Josephus, Flavius

Josephus, Flavius   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
63 words
Flavius Josephus

Flavius Josephus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c. 37–c. 100),Jewish historian, general, and Pharisee. His Jewish War gives an eyewitness account of the events leading up to the Jewish revolt against the Romans in 66, in which he was a leader. ...
Flavius Josephus

Flavius Josephus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(ad 37–c. 98),a Jewish statesman and soldier. He came to Rome with Titus, was honoured with Roman citizenship, and devoted himself to study. He wrote in Greek a History of the Jewish War and Jewish ...
Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...fell. The population was either killed or enslaved, and the city was leveled. Josephus claims that he fled to a cave and then, after both a convenient miracle and his opportune prediction that Vespasian would become emperor, his life was spared. He joined the general's entourage, took Vespasian's household name—Flavius—as his own, and spent the rest of his life under Rome's aegis. Distrusted during and after the revolt by many of his fellow Jews, Josephus is not entirely trusted by modern historians either. His various accounts of Roman...

1 Maccabees

1 Maccabees   Reference library

U. Rappaport and U. Rappaport

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
27,583 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... see 13:53 ; now it was on the front line, against Cendebeus. v. 2 , we know by name three sons of Simon: John, Judas, and Mattathias ( v. 14 ). All three names are common in the Hasmonean family. John, the successor of Simon, is known also as Hyrcanus in the writings of Josephus Flavius, but not in 1 Maccabees, nor in Talmudic sources, nor on his coins. We do not know Simon's age, but since about thirty years have passed from the beginning of the Maccabean revolt, and at that time Simon was not a young person, he should by now be about 70 years old. (...

Israel and the Nations

Israel and the Nations   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,740 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
12

...and Phoenicia. But he lost these territories to Antigonus, ruler of Phrygia, who besieged and captured Tyre and left his son, Demetrius, in command at Gaza. Three years later, Ptolemy defeated Demetrius at Gaza and, according to a tradition preserved by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, Ptolemy then entered Jerusalem with his troops on the Sabbath day, when the inhabitants refused to fight. The exile of many Jews into Egypt by Ptolemy at this time is recorded in the Letter of Aristeas. Antigonus subsequently sought to invade Egypt, but was unsuccessful and...

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