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Fitts and Posner's stages of learning

The three progressive phases of learning a new skill proposed by P. M. Fitts and I. M. Posner in 1967. They are: a cognitive phase during which the performer develops a mental picture and ...

Fitts and Posner's stages of learning

Fitts and Posner's stages of learning   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... and Posner's stages of learning The three progressive phases of learning a new skill proposed by P. M. Fitts and I. M. Posner in 1967. They are: a cognitive phase during which the performer develops a mental picture and fuller understanding of the required action to form an executive programme ; an associative phase during which the performer physically practises the executive programme learned in the cognitive phase; and an autonomous phase during which the performer learns to carry out the skill with little conscious...

Fitts and Posner's stages of learning

Fitts and Posner's stages of learning  

The three progressive phases of learning a new skill proposed by P. M. Fitts and I. M. Posner in 1967. They are: a cognitive phase during which the performer develops a mental picture and fuller ...
autonomous stage

autonomous stage  

A late stage in the learning of a skill when performance is habitual and requires little attention. See Fitts and Posner's stages of learning.
associative stage

associative stage  

A stage in learning motor skills when the learner refines movements by detecting and correcting errors. See Fitts and Posner's stages of learning.
associative stage

associative stage   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...stage A stage in learning motor skills when the learner refines movements by detecting and correcting errors. See Fitts and Posner's stages of learning...

autonomous stage

autonomous stage   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...stage A late stage in the learning of a skill when performance is habitual and requires little attention . See Fitts and Posner's stages of learning...

motor learning

motor learning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
285 words

...and adaptability to various circumstances. Fitts and Posner in 1967 described three stages that can be applied to learning a sports skill. The first, or cognitive stage involves developing an understanding of the skill and a mental picture of the technique. This stage is characterized by gross errors, poor timing, and truncated action as the component parts of the skill are thought through separately. Knowledge of results (such as whether a ball is hit and how far) and knowledge of performance (such as a coach's comment) lead to gradual improvement and...

Aging and Cognitive Skill Learning

Aging and Cognitive Skill Learning   Reference library

Jack Kuhns and Dayna R. Touron

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
9,540 words
Illustration(s):
3

...performance and learning in consistent memory search: An age-related perspective. Psychology and Aging , 10 , 255–268. Fitts, P. , & Posner, M. I. (1967). Human performance . Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. Flavell, J. H. (1979).  Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist , 34 , 906–911. Fox, M. C. , Baldock, Z. , Freeman, S. P. , & Berry, J. M. (2016). The role of encoding strategy in younger and older adult associative recognition: A think-aloud analysis. Psychology and Aging , ...

Anxiety and Fear in Sport and Performance

Anxiety and Fear in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Shuge Zhang, Tim Woodman, and Ross Roberts

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...emphasize the role of self-consciousness in the skilled performance process. The explanation of how anxiety affects performance is closely linked to Fitts and Posner’s ( 1967 ) stages of skill learning. According to Fitts and Posner, people learn skills through explicit encoding of the required knowledge. That is, in the early stages of learning, people explicitly and consciously focus on how they should behave in order to perform a skill. Such an explicit and conscious focus on each component of the skill leads to an awkward and jagged performance. This...

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