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Filostrato

A poem in ottava rima on the story of Troilus and Cressida, by Boccaccio (1335), of special interest as the source of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde.

Filostrato

Filostrato   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
28 words

... A poem in ottava rima on the story of Troilus and Cressida, by Boccaccio ( 1335 ), the source of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde...

Filostrato

Filostrato   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
32 words

... A poem in ottava rima on the story of Troilus and Cressida, by Boccaccio ( 1335 ), of special interest as the source of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde ....

Filostrato

Filostrato   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... , an early poem of Boccaccio 's, written in the late 1330s in ottava rima, is the main source of Troilus and Criseyde . In this the story of the lovers Troiolo and Criseida and their friend Pandaro, set in the doomed city of Troy , is told in a vivid narrative, with fine psychological detail. It is an exciting and lyrical work, full of dramatic scenes. Boccaccio hints at parallels with a (probably fictitious) love affair of his own. It provided Chaucer with more than story material; quite clearly, it excited his creative imagination. While...

Filostrato

Filostrato   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
148 words

... ( c. 1335 ). Verse romance in nine parts in ottava rima by Boccaccio , who intended the Greek name to mean ‘vanquished by love’ and dedicated the work to a distant love named Filomena. The story, taken up by Chaucer and Shakespeare , is that of Troilo and Creseida , who are brought together through Pandaro, but thrown into crisis when Creseida leaves Troilo for Diomede, Troilo being finally killed by Achille whilst seeking to take vengeance on Diomede. What had been a secondary episode in medieval romances such as Benoît de...

Filostrato

Filostrato  

A poem in ottava rima on the story of Troilus and Cressida, by Boccaccio (1335), of special interest as the source of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde.
Philostrate

Philostrate  

The name assumed by Arcite in The Knight's Tale (I.1428ff.). In the Teseida Arcita calls himself Penteo. Chaucer took the name from the title of Boccaccio's Filostrato (‘[the man] overthrown by ...
cantari

cantari  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The generic name given to a range of narrative verse texts from the 14th and 15th c., originally composed, as the name implies, for recitation to music; however, no musical ...
Reception of Italian Literature in Britain

Reception of Italian Literature in Britain  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Before the arrival of the printed book, in the second half of the 15th c., access to Italian writers was difficult for English readers, and interest in Italian literature slight. ...
Troilus and Criseyde

Troilus and Criseyde  

Chaucer's longest complete poem, in 8,239 lines of rhyme‐royal probably written in the second half of the 1380s. Chaucer takes his story from Boccaccio's Il Filostrato, adapting its eight books to ...
Pandarus

Pandarus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A Lycian fighting on the side of the Trojans, described in the Iliad as breaking the truce with the Greeks by wounding Menelaus with an arrow. The role as the lovers' go-between that he plays in ...
Boccaccio

Boccaccio  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1313–75),Italian writer, poet, and humanist. He is most famous for the Decameron (1348–58), a collection of a hundred tales told by ten young people who have moved to the country to escape the Black ...
romance

romance  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Derived from the Medieval Latin word romanice, ‘in the Roman language’. The word roman in Old French was applied to the popular courtly stories in verse which dealt with three traditional subjects: ...
Philostrate

Philostrate   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., the name assumed by Arcite in The Knight's Tale (I.1428ff.). In the Teseida Arcita calls himself Penteo. Chaucer took the name from the title of Boccaccio's Filostrato (‘[the man] overthrown by...

Pandarus

Pandarus   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...In Greek legend a Lycian leader and ally of the Trojans. His later connection with the story of troilus and cressida , derived from Boccaccio’s Filostrato ( c. 1350 ), led to his being depicted by the romance writers of the Middle Ages as a procurer. He occurs as such in both Chaucer’s and Shakespeare’s versions of the story. See also pander...

Boccaccio, Giovanni

Boccaccio, Giovanni (1313–75)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
86 words

... ( c .1336 ), is considered by many to be the first European novel, but he is best known for his masterpiece the Decameron ( 1348–58 ), a series of prose stories which exercised a tremendous influence on the development of Renaissance literature. His poetry includes Il Filostrato ( c .1338 ). Boccaccio was a friend of Petrarch and biographer of Dante . See also Italian...

Troilus

Troilus   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Shakespeare, forms no part of the old classic tale. This story appears for the first time in the Roman de Troie by the 12th-century trouvère Benoît de Sainte Maure . Guido delle Colonne included it in his Historia Trojana ( 1287 ); it thence passed to Boccaccio, whose Il Filostrato ( 1338 ), where Pandarus first appears, was the basis of Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde ( c. 1385 ). As true as Troilus See under as...

Ottava rima

Ottava rima   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
101 words

...rima . A form of narrative poetry, consisting of strophes or stanze of eight hendecasyllables with the rhyme scheme ABABABCC. The oldest examples are Boccaccio 's Filostrato and the cantare Fiorio e Biancifiore . It is not clear whether the form was ‘invented’ by Boccaccio (who could have adapted the stanza of the canzone as a narrative metre) or if the cantari existed earlier (they could have drawn on forms of the lauda - ballata ). The ottava rima is frequently used for narrative verse in all centuries, reaching its zenith in the poems...

Pandarus

Pandarus   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
104 words

...In Homer's Iliad , a son of Lycaon who assisted the Trojans in their war against the Greeks. The role that he plays in Chaucer 's and Shakespeare 's stories of Troilus and Criseyde/Cressida was the invention of Boccaccio in his Filostrato . In Boccaccio he is the cousin of Cressida; Chaucer strikingly changes him from her cousin to her uncle and guardian, the effect of which is to increase the sense of irresponsibility towards her in arranging their love affair. The word ‘pander’ (as Shakespeare says: iii . ii. 197) derives from his role as...

Lollius

Lollius   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Filostrato ) Chaucer once calls him ‘myn auctour’ (I.394). Here the immediate reference is to Troilus's song (which is in fact based on Petrarch ( Petrak ). However, a later remark, as telleth Lollius' (V.1653), makes it clear that ‘Lollius’ is the source of the main narrative. To complicate matters, Chaucer elsewhere (II.13–14) says that his source is Latin. There has been much discussion about why he does not mention Boccaccio, and about who ‘Lollius’ is. It is possible that there may have been some genuine muddle over the authorship of the Filostrato ...

Diomedes

Diomedes   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...(Greek, ‘thought of zeus ’, from Dios , genitive of Zeus , and mēdos , ‘thought’) In Greek legend, a hero of the siege of troy , second only to achilles in bravery. With ulysses he removed the palladium from Troy. He appears as the lover of cressida in Boccaccio’s Filostrato ( c. 1345 ) and later works. The name was also that of a king in Thrace, the son of ares , who fed his horses on human flesh. One of the labours of hercules was to destroy Diomedes, and his body was thrown to his own horses to be devoured. Diomedean exchange One in which...

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