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Excalibur

Subject: Religion

In Arthurian legend, King Arthur's magic sword, which according to legend he drew from the stone in which it was embedded to prove that he was the true king; by another account, it was ...

Excalibur

Excalibur   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... [Celtic kaleto -, hard (?); W Caledfwlch ; MedL Caliburnus ; OFr. Escalibor ]. King Arthur 's magical sword, given him by the Lady of the Lake; not to be confused with the sword he earlier drew from a stone and broke in combat. As long as Arthur carried Excalibur, he could not be defeated; but its scabbard, which preserved him from wounds, was stolen by his sister Morgan le Fay. The Arthurian conception of Excalibur, first presented in Geoffrey of Monmouth 's Historia ( 1136 ), has several parallels in Celtic traditions. The English spelling of...

Excalibur

Excalibur ([Arth. Leg.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
100 words

... [Arth. Leg.] King *Arthur 's sword. It had been embedded in a stone and Arthur was able to draw it out when no one else could move it, thus proving himself the rightful king of England. > Mentioned in the context of something that is difficult to remove The wall had a surprising grip on it. It was like the whole structure of that wall had settled down around this useless, forgotten piece of iron. I said to Valentina: ‘This is like trying to extract the sword Excalibur from the stone!’ Rose Tremain The Way I Found Her ...

Excalibur

Excalibur   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... Excalibur (Caliburn) was King Arthur 's magic sword that came to him from a mysterious hand outstretched from under the water of a lake. Before his death, he ordered that the sword be thrown back into the lake to prevent it from falling into the wrong hands. Twice his orders were disobeyed. When the order was finally carried out, the mysterious hand appeared again to retake the...

Excalibur

Excalibur   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
109 words

... A corrupt form of ‘Caliburn’ (the name used in Geoffrey of Monmouth ); King Arthur's sword, which he drew out of a stone when no one else could move it or which was given to him by the Lady of the Lake ( Malory , Bk I). Malory says that the name means ‘cut‐steel’, but the Welsh form in the Mabinogion is related to the Irish Caladbolg (battlesword), a famous legendary sword. According to Malory, when Arthur was mortally wounded in the last battle, he ordered Sir Bedevere to throw Excalibur into the lake. A hand rose from the water, took the...

Excalibur

Excalibur   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
110 words

... A corrupt form of ‘Caliburn’ (the name used in Geoffrey of Monmouth ); King Arthur 's sword, which he drew out of a stone when no one else could move it or which was given to him by the Lady of the Lake ( Malory , Bk I). Malory says that the name means ‘cut‐steel’, but the Welsh form in the Mabinogion is related to the Irish Caladbolg (battlesword), a famous legendary sword. According to Malory, when Arthur was mortally wounded in the last battle, he ordered Sir Bedevere to throw Excalibur into the lake. A hand rose from the water, took the...

Excalibur

Excalibur   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The name of King arthur ’s sword (Old French Escalibor ), called by Geoffrey of Monmouth Caliburnus (as if from Latin chalybs , ‘steel’). There was also a legendary Irish sword called Caladbolg (‘hard belly’), so named as it was ‘voracious’ and capable of consuming anything. According to Sir Thomas Malory ’s Le Morte d’Arthur ( 1470 ), Arthur was acclaimed king when he was the only person who could pull the sword from a great stone in which it had been magically fixed. Hence the title of T.H. White ’s story for children based on the legend, The...

Excalibur

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The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
369 words

... This group was formed in Yorkshire, England, in 1981 by Paul McBride (vocals), Paul Solynskyj (b. 27 October 1966, England; guitar), Martin Hawthorn (bass), and Mick Dobson (drums). The band was formed while they were still schoolboys and they would reportedly fall asleep in class after a heavy night’s gigging. On finishing school, Excalibur continued to tour heavily, while the members also attempted to hold down day jobs. Conquest Records signed the band in 1985 after an employee heard Excalibur by chance one night. The Bitter End mini-album was...

Excalibur

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
163 words

... • abba , blabber, dabber, grabber, jabber, stabber, yabber • Alba , Galba • amber , camber, caramba, clamber, Cochabamba, gamba, mamba, Maramba, samba, timbre • Annaba , arbor, arbour, barber, Barbour, harbour ( US harbor), indaba, Kaaba, Lualaba, Pearl Harbor, Saba, Sabah, Shaba • sambar , sambhar • rebbe , Weber • Elba • Bemba , December, ember, member, November, Pemba, September • belabour ( US belabor), caber, labour ( US labor), neighbour ( US neighbor), sabre ( US saber), tabor • chamber • bedchamber • antechamber • ...

Excalibur

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... in Arthurian legend, King Arthur's magic sword, which according to legend he drew from the stone in which it was embedded to prove that he was the true king; by another account, it was given him by the Lady of the Lake. In Malory's Morte D'Arthur , when the king is mortally wounded, he tells Sir Bedivere to throw the sword back into the lake; when he finally obeys, an arm in white samite emerges from the water to catch and take the...

Excalibur

Excalibur   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
11 words
Excalibur

Excalibur   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
11 words
Excalibur

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
21 words
Excalibur

Excalibur   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
21 words
Excalibur

Excalibur  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
This group was formed in Yorkshire, England, in 1981 by Paul McBride (vocals), Paul Solynskyj (b. 27 October 1966, England; guitar), Martin Hawthorn (bass), and Mick Dobson (drums). The band ...
Excalibur

Excalibur  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Arthurian legend, King Arthur's magic sword, which according to legend he drew from the stone in which it was embedded to prove that he was the true king; by another account, it was given him by ...
Morddure

Morddure  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In Spenser's Faerie Queene (ii. viii. 20–21), the name of the sword made by Merlin for Prince Arthur. Its more general name is Excalibur.
samite

samite  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A rich silk fabric interwoven with gold and silver threads, used for dressmaking and decoration in the Middle Ages. In literary use, it is particularly associated with the story of King Arthur; when ...
Caladbolg

Caladbolg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[Ir. calad, hard].Also In Caladbolg. The lightning sword belonging to several early Irish heroes, notably Fergus mac Róich. With it Fergus chops off the tops of three hills in Meath. Fergus mac Léti ...
Bedevere

Bedevere  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In the Arthurian romances, one of the few who survives the final battle against Mordred; he was charged by the dying Arthur with the duty of throwing the sword Excalibur back into the lake, and after ...
Bedwyr

Bedwyr  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[W, birch hero].A Welsh Arthurian hero, the counterpart of and perhaps the origin for Bedivere, Beduers, Beduerus, etc., as well as Pellinor and Bellinor. The son of Pedrawg, Bedwyr was often seen in ...

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