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European Monetary Union

Subject: Law

(EMU) The common monetary system for Europe. This includes coordination of monetary policies, the creation of the European Central Bank, and the adoption of the single European ...

European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
34 words

...European Monetary Union ( EMU ) The common monetary system for Europe. This includes coordination of monetary policies, the creation of the European Central Bank , and the adoption of the single European...

European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Monetary Union ( EMU ). One of the objectives set by the European Community in the Maastricht Treaty of 1991 . It involves the creation of a common currency for all member states ( cf. euro ; European Currency Unit ; European Monetary Institute...

European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
115 words

... Monetary Union ( EMU ) The establishment of a common currency for member states of the European Union. The Maastricht Treaty specified three stages for achieving EMU, starting with participation in the Exchange Rate Mechanism . The second stage created the European Monetary Institute, which coordinated the economic and monetary policy of member states. The third stage, achieved by January 1999 , locked member states into a fixed exchange rate, activated the European Central Bank , and introduced the single currency, the euro (divided into 100...

European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
114 words

... Monetary Union ( EMU ) The establishment of a common currency for member states of the European Union. The Maastricht Treaty specified three stages for achieving EMU, starting with participation in the Exchange Rate Mechanism. The second stage created the European Monetary Institute, which coordinated the economic and monetary policy of member states. The third stage, achieved by January 1999 , locked member states into a fixed exchange rate, activated the European Central Bank , and introduced the single currency, the euro (divided into 100...

European Economic and Monetary Union

European Economic and Monetary Union   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
542 words

... Economic and Monetary Union The EU policy that culminated in the creation of the European Central Bank ( 1998 ) and a single European currency for participating states. Monetary cooperation between the member states of the European Union began in 1979 , with the establishment of the European Monetary System (EMS) , a system of exchange-rate stabilization. The EMS consisted of two main elements: the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) , under which participating countries committed themselves to maintaining the values of their currencies within agreed...

European Economic and Monetary Union

European Economic and Monetary Union   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
561 words

... Economic and Monetary Union ( EMU ) The EU policy that culminated in the creation of the European Central Bank ( 1999 ) and a single European currency for participating states. Monetary cooperation between the member states of the European Union began in 1979 , with the establishment of the European Monetary System ( EMS ), a system of exchange-rate stabilization. The EMS consisted of two main elements: the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM), under which participating countries committed themselves to maintaining the values of their currencies within...

European Economic and Monetary Union

European Economic and Monetary Union   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Economic and Monetary Union ( EMU ) The EU policy that culminated in the creation of the European Central Bank ( 1999 ) and a single European currency for participating states. Monetary cooperation between the member states of the European Union began in 1979 , with the establishment of the European Monetary System (EMS) , a system of exchange-rate stabilization. The EMS consisted of two main elements: the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) , under which participating countries committed themselves to maintaining the values of their currencies...

European Economic and Monetary Union

European Economic and Monetary Union   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
167 words

...European Economic and Monetary Union ( EMU ) That part of European integration which, in the context of the European Community ( EC ) as one pillar of the European Union ( EU ), led to the creation of the European common currency, the euro. It consists of the economic and monetary policy objectives and obligations and the institutional framework created by EC Treaty Arts 8 and 98–126 and other legal acts created on that basis, such as the Statute of the European System of Central Banks ( ESCB ) and the European Central Bank ( ECB ). The EMU was...

European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union n   Reference library

Pocket Oxford Irish Dictionary: English-Irish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
9 words
European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
98 words
European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
97 words
European Monetary Union

European Monetary Union  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(EMU)The common monetary system for Europe. This includes coordination of monetary policies, the creation of the European Central Bank, and the adoption of the single European currency.
European Economic and Monetary Union

European Economic and Monetary Union  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(EMU)The EU policy that culminated in the creation of the European Central Bank (1999) and a single European currency for participatein states. See feature Economic and Monetary Union.
44 The History of the Book in Australia

44 The History of the Book in Australia   Reference library

Ian Morrison

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,163 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...hack writers from these genuine narratives. Long before Europeans began publishing accounts of the continent, however, the Aboriginal Australians had complex oral cultures stretching back tens of thousands of years, with hundreds of different languages. The subtleties of their encounters with European literacy have only recently begun to be explored. David Unaipon ( Native Legends , 1929 ) is justly famous as the first published Aboriginal author, but the first Aboriginal to engage actively with European literacy was the Eora leader Bennelong, who dictated a...

12 The Economics of Print

12 The Economics of Print   Reference library

Alexis Weedon

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,076 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...wages—which in 1800–1810 had been much higher than their fellow workers in cotton factories, the building trade, and the shipbuilding and engineering industries—were by the 1880s at a similar level. Although there were wide geographical differences in the wages of union labour, non-union labour, and piece-work, a comparison of compositors’ earnings with Wood’s calculation of the mean wage of the period shows that compositors’ wages were falling relative to those of other wage earners. Rates of pay and employment levels varied considerably from county to...

47 The History of the Book in Canada

47 The History of the Book in Canada   Reference library

Patricia Lockhart Fleming

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,134 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

... to 8.8 million by 1921 . Political change was negotiated in print, from responsible government in 1848 to Confederation of the provinces between 1867 and 1905 , and the enfranchisement of women starting in 1918 . In World War I Canada outgrew colonial status, but the monetary burden was heavy and social division severe when many in Quebec opposed conscription, and suspicion of immigrants spread. Starting in the 1870s , the federal government promoted immigration and settlement of the West. An energetic programme in which print played a central role...

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the priests in the Temple were members of a second hereditary group, the Levites. Priests and Levites were not the only figures in the Temple. Pilgrims could purchase animals for sacrifice from local sellers, and those wishing to pay the Temple tax or make monetary offerings could exchange their own currency for the Tyrian shekels that alone were accepted by the institution—hence the employment that the Temple offered to money changers. The Temple itself consisted of areas of increasing holiness. Outermost was the court of the...

European Monetary Institute

European Monetary Institute  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A European organization that was set up to study the problems of organizing a European Central Bank.

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