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establishment of the port

Subject: History

The interval between the time of meridian passage of the new or the full moon and the time of the following high tide. This interval which is constant for a given port is also known as the ...

Establishment, The

Establishment, The   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., The A term long used to denote in particular the established church of england , but now a popular designation for the group or class of people who have authority within a society, especially, in Britain, those who control not only the Church of England but the government, the civil service and the armed forces. It has a somewhat derogatory significance associated with reaction, privilege and ‘stuffiness’. By theEstablishment’ I do not mean only the centres of official power – though they are certainly part of it – but rather the whole matrix...

establishment of the port

establishment of the port   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
166 words

... of the port , the interval between the time of meridian passage of the new or the full moon and the time of the following high tide . This interval which is constant for a given port is also known as the High Water Full and Change constant (HWF & C). The average interval is known as the mean high water lunitidal interval. Because the tides are governed largely by the moon, and because the time of meridian passage of the moon is later each day by about 50 minutes, it follows that, if the age of the moon and the establishment of the port are...

Establishment, The

Establishment, The   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of London Phrase & Fable

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., The An ironically named club founded in 1961 by Peter Cook ( 1937–95 ) and Nicholas Luard ( 1937–2004 ). Based at 18 Greek Street, Soho , the Establishment became a hot-bed of the anti-establishment satire boom of that era. It closed in 1964...

Establishment, the

Establishment, the n. (Aus.)   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
190 words

... ‘Establishment’ as by an amusing euphemism the prison is styled [AND]. 1878 G. Walch Australasia 47: The large gaol, or ‘Establishment’, as they politely term it. 1891 J.J. Roche Life of J. B. O'Reilly 69: The great white stone prison which is Fremantle's reason for existence. It was ‘The Establishment’. 1897 Z.W. Pease Catalpa Exped. 114: Mr Breslin was invited to inspect the prison, ‘The Establishment’, as they call it in the colony. 1987 (con. 1850–68 ) R. Hughes Fatal Shore ( 1988 ) 578: The monument of the System in Western...

Establishment, The

Establishment, The   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...mean only the centres of official power – though they are certainly part of it – but rather the whole matrix of official and social relations within which power is exercised … theEstablishment’ can be seen at work in the activities of, not only the Prime Minister, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Earl Marshal, but of such lesser mortals as the Chairman of the Arts Council, the Director-General of the BBC, and even the editor of the Times Literary Supplement , not to mention dignitaries like Lady Violet Bonham Carter . henry fairlie : in The Spectator ...

Establishment, the

Establishment, the   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

..., the a group in a society exercising power and influence over matters of policy or taste, and seen as resisting change. The term is recorded intermittently from the 1920s, but in British English derives its current use from an article by the journalist Henry Fairlie in the Spectator of 1955...

The Independence of New Spain and the Establishment of the Mexican Republic, 1808–1824

The Independence of New Spain and the Establishment of the Mexican Republic, 1808–1824   Reference library

Jaime E. Rodríguez O.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
11,795 words

... Independence of New Spain and the Establishment of the Mexican Republic, 1808–1824 The independence of New Spain was not the result of an anticolonial struggle. Rather, it was a consequence of a great political revolution that culminated in the dissolution of the Spanish Monarchy, a world-wide political system. The movement was an integral part of the broader process that was transforming antiguo régimen societies into modern liberal nation states. The new country of Mexico that emerged from the break up of the Spanish Monarchy retained many of the shared...

establishment of the port

establishment of the port  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The interval between the time of meridian passage of the new or the full moon and the time of the following high tide. This interval which is constant for a given port is also known as the High Water ...
Education

Education   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,267 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a century earlier had the Anglican establishment become so exercised in the matter of popular education. It set up the ‘National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church’ as a direct counter to the Lancaster faction's promotional organization, which became known as the ‘British and Foreign School Society’. There are grounds for arguing, however, that the rivalry of these two bodies, and of the forces they represented, did as much to impede as to aid the spread of education through the British nation at large....

6 The European Printing Revolution

6 The European Printing Revolution   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,082 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...ventures. The establishment of a family business with branches abroad (e.g. the *Giunta and *Giolito firms) was one natural way of ensuring reliable distribution across borders. The circulation of many thousands of printed books throughout Europe—a further new aspect in the transmission of knowledge and information—was inherent in the rise of printing. 8 The Venetian success The largest and most successful place for printing in the 15 th century was Venice, which boasted a cosmopolitan, entrepreneurial, and merchant tradition, the rich libraries and...

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and saw the repression of the †poor and indigent as a necessary step towards the establishment of a purer society (the set of attitudes we loosely call puritan). These policies were also backed up by a further tribunal which was designed to check up on the conduct of the Crown's local officers and deal with behaviour (such as enclosure or trading offences) which, if not actually illegal, was contrary to the public good. The last decade of conciliar and Star Chamber activism came in the 1630s, when the council tried to check on the local activity of the JPs to...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,044 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...for the various publications undertaken by Ziegenbalg. A typefoundry was set up in Poryar, the first in India, and this was followed by the establishment of the first modern *paper mill in the country in 1715 . With these, the Lutheran mission attained a degree of self-sufficiency in printing, and was no longer entirely dependent on the long supply chain from Germany. This self-sufficiency can be gauged from the press’s high output: 65 titles from 1712 to 1720 , 52 more in the next decade, and a total of 338 titles for the 18 th century. The mission...

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,145 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...was played by the Finnish Literature Society ( 1831 ), which initiated several publications, including the Kalevala and Aleksis Kivi’s Seven Brothers . Major firms did not emerge until the last decades of the 19 th century. Werner Söderström’s publishing house supported Finnish-language literature, but for moral reasons refrained from publishing modern realism. He was soon rivalled by the more liberal publishing house Otava ( 1890 ). Both are prominent in the contemporary Finnish book market ( see wsoy ). In Sweden, the early establishment of a free press...

34 The History of the Book in the Baltic States

34 The History of the Book in the Baltic States   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,992 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... following the Hitler–Stalin pact and annexation by the Soviet Union. After the outbreak of the war between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, the Baltic States were briefly occupied by German troops until the Soviet Union reconquered and annexed the republics within the USSR. Under Soviet occupation, the Baltic States suffered severe population loss through deportation and emigration, the latter resulting in a sizeable output of émigré publications (e.g. in Sweden, Germany, the UK, US, and Australia). Following the establishment of strong pro-independence...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...alien religious establishment and on Methodistical enthusiasm alike, and formed an almost unique example of an enduring rural Enlightenment. It was perhaps inevitable that in the overcharged atmosphere of the 1790s *millenarian ideas proved especially attractive. Mythic notions of the Welsh being the first to colonize America found expression in the search for the Welsh Indians. Welshmen such as Morgan John *Rhys sought salvation in America, where he hoped to create a new homeland in Beulah, Pennsylvania. Yet such schemes were less the expression of wild...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,032 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...On the Catholic side, they resulted in a revival of liturgical and patristic literature at the end of the century, often involving—in Paris and in Lyons—groups of printers operating as ‘companies’ to share the publication of particular works. Another, long-term consequence of the Counter-Reformation, the establishment of Jesuit schools throughout the country, produced a rise in literacy and fostered the development of new printing centres in medium-sized cities such as Douai, Pont-à-Mousson, and Dole. 5 The 17 th century Historians of the book who regard the...

Religion

Religion   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...many societies for the *reformation of manners and, at the very turn of the century, the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts and the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. The last-named stood at the centre of the notable movement for the establishment of charity schools to bring learning to children at more humble social levels than those catered to by the long-established grammar schools. Although the impetus of this broad movement was not maintained at the initial level, these institutions survived and tied in with the extraordinary...

Empire

Empire   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,298 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...it, the strong bias towards the views of the landed interest were, however, gradually supplanted as the machinery of the British state was belatedly compelled to expand and readjust to take account of the growing girth of empire. The ineluctable need for the British state to become involved in the affairs of India as the scale of imperial involvement surpassed the competence of the East India Company paved the way for greater state direction elsewhere in the empire. The India Act of 1784 and the establishment of the Board of Control proved to be the first...

27 The History of the Book in the Iberian Peninsula

27 The History of the Book in the Iberian Peninsula   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,196 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...establishment. Printers’ exemption from military service and the reduction of taxes on book imports served to encourage the book trade and turn it into an attractive mercantile sector. These measures also included incentives for citizens to enter the trade, and for foreign printers to consider Spain, and later Portugal, countries with favourable employment prospects, especially during the European economic crisis towards the end of the 15 th century. Seville was well suited to immigrant German printers, and in 1490 a group of them was invited to make the...

Viewing

Viewing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as the dispersal of the Walpole collection at Houghton Hall and the various schemes proposed for the establishment of a National Gallery are part of a halting articulation of what might now be termed a sense of national ‘cultural heritage’. The history of art in the Romantic era is the gradual revelation of the role of art and its publics within this construct. Barrell, J. , The Political Theory of Painting from Reynolds to Hazlitt , New Haven, Conn., 1986; Friedman, W. , Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery , New York, 1976; Hazlitt, W. , Sketches of the...

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