Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

View:

Overview

Erwin Rommel

Subject: History

(1891–1944) German Field Marshal. Rommel was posted to North Africa in 1941 after the collapse of the Italian offensive, and, as commander of the Afrika Korps, he deployed a ...

Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin (1891–1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... invasion of Normandy , Rommel was severely wounded in an aerial attack in mid‐July. Partly implicated in the plot against Hitler, Rommel committed suicide on 14 October to avoid trial and was buried with military honors as a German hero. Like many of his generation, Erwin Rommel was a gifted, ambitious, patriotic, and politically naive officer. As long as Hitler seemed to offer him personal glory and to lead Germany toward national greatness, Rommel followed him enthusiastically. Belatedly recognizing the looming catastrophe, Rommel halfheartedly...

Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin (1891–1944)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
69 words

..., Erwin ( 1891–1944 ) German general . Rommel commanded tanks in France in 1940 , and later led the Afrika Korps in a victorious campaign in North Africa - until defeated by the British at El Alamein ( 1942 ). Transferred to France in 1943 , he was unable to repel the invasion of Normandy and was wounded. Implicated in a plot against Hitler in July 1944 , he was forced to commit...

Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin (1891–1944)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
89 words

..., Erwin (known as ‘the Desert Fox’ ) ( 1891–1944 ) German Field Marshal . Rommel was posted to North Africa in 1941 after the collapse of the Italian offensive, and, as commander of the Afrika Korps, he deployed a series of surprise manoeuvres and succeeded in capturing Tobruk (1942). After being defeated by Montgomery at El Alamein (1942), he was ordered home the following year to serve as Inspector of Coastal Defences. He was forced to commit suicide after being implicated in the officers’ conspiracy against Hitler in 1944...

Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin (1891–1944)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
446 words

..., Erwin ( 1891–1944 ) German field-marshal who commanded Axis forces during the North African campaign in World War II. The son of a teacher, Rommel joined the 124th Württemberg Infantry Regiment in 1910 as an officer cadet and two years later was commissioned as a lieutenant. He fought with outstanding valour during World War I, earning the ‘Pour le Mérite’ medal for gallantry on the Italian front at the Battle of Caporetto in October 1917 . Between the wars he served as a regimental commander, taught at military academies, and wrote a tactical...

Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin (1891–1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Erwin ( 1891–1944 ) German field marshal, known as the “Desert Fox.” After the annexation of Austria in 1938 , Rommel became commandant of an officers' school near Vienna; his opportunity for advancement came in 1940 , when he assumed command of the 7th Panzer Division, an armored division, providing leadership in the drive through France to the Channel coast. In February 1941 he was sent to save the floundering Italian army in Libya; his daring raids there won him a vast reputation, his nickname, and the attention of Adolf Hitler , who promoted...

Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin (15 Nov. 1891)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
236 words

...Rommel, Erwin (b. Heidenheim , 15 Nov. 1891 ; d. Herrlingen, near Ulm , 14 Oct. 1944 ) German field marshal Educated at Tübingen, he joined the army in 1910 . In World War I, he was awarded the highest German military decoration for bravery, and quickly rose through the ranks. He remained an officer in the army after the war, and after 1933 he attracted the attention of Nazi Party leaders for his efficiency. By 1940 he held the rank of general and commanded a Panzer (tank) division in a brilliant assault through the Ardennes to the Channel. In ...

Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel (1891–1944)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
45 words

...0Erwin Erwin Rommel 1891 – 1944 German field marshal The first twenty-four hours of the invasion will be decisive…for the Allies, as well as Germany, it will be the longest day. to his aide, 22 April 1944; Cornelius Ryan The Longest Day: June 6, 1944 ...

Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel (1891–1944)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
49 words

...0Erwin Erwin Rommel 1891 – 1944 German field marshal The first twenty-four hours of the invasion will be decisive…for the Allies, as well as Germany, it will be the longest day. to his aide, 22 April 1944; Cornelius Ryan The Longest Day: June 6, 1944 (1959) longest day longest ...

Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel (1891–1944)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
59 words

...0Erwin Erwin Rommel 1891 – 1944 German field marshal The first twenty-four hours of the invasion will be decisive…for the Allies, as well as Germany, it will be the longest day. to his aide, 22 April 1944; Cornelius Ryan The Longest Day: June 6, 1944 (1959) hours of the invasion will be the longest day will be the longest ...

Rommel, Erwin, Generalfeldmarschall

Rommel, Erwin, Generalfeldmarschall (1891–1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
122 words

..., Erwin, Generalfeldmarschall (Heidenheim, Württemberg, 1891–1944 , nr. Ulm), served as an infantry officer in the 1914–18 War and was decorated for bravery. He was an officer in the Reichswehr, and in 1940 commanded an armoured division. In 1941 he became commander of the Afrika-Korps. After the end of German resistance in Africa in 1943 . Rommel was given commands successively in Italy and in France. He was wounded in a low-flying air attack in 1944 . Rommel joined the group of dissident officers in 1944 ( see Resistance Movements , 2), was...

Rommel, FM Erwin

Rommel, FM Erwin (1891–1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., FM Erwin ( 1891–1944 ). Known to the British as the ‘Desert Fox’, Rommel received the following encomium from Churchill : ‘We have a very daring and skilful opponent against us, and, may I say across the havoc of war, a great general.’ Of middle-class stock and no military background, he was decorated for his leadership in a string of combat actions during WW I, culminating in a Pour le Mérite won on the Italian front (originally awarded to another, he had to lobby to receive the honour himself). During the inter-war years, he was an instructor and...

Rommel, Field Marshal Erwin

Rommel, Field Marshal Erwin (1891–1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

..., Field Marshal Erwin ( 1891–1944 ), one of Hitler's most charismatic generals, who was best known for his victories during the Western Desert campaigns . To those who fought against him he became something of a legend, but he is not highly regarded by German historians. Born in Heidenheim, near Ulm, of middle-class parents with no military connections, Rommel joined the army in July 1910 . On the outbreak of the First World War he immediately displayed the boldness and independence that was to characterize his leadership during the Second, and ended...

Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
75 words
Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
87 words
Rommel, Erwin

Rommel, Erwin   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
93 words
Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1891–1944)German Field Marshal. Rommel was posted to North Africa in 1941 after the collapse of the Italian offensive, and, as commander of the Afrika Korps, he deployed a series of surprise ...
Rommel's asparagus

Rommel's asparagus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Allied name for poles planted in open spaces in France by the Germans to prevent gliders landing. This was done in early 1944 when Rommel began reinforcing the Atlantic Wall ...
Infanterie greift an

Infanterie greift an  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A book of war recollections by E. Rommel, published in 1937 and intended as an aid in training for battle. Sub-titled Erlebnis und Erfahrung, it covers engagements in Belgium and ...
battle of Alam Halfa

battle of Alam Halfa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Fought from 30 August to 7 September 1942 when Rommel made his last attempt to break through the British line defending Egypt. It was, from the British point of view ...
battle of Arras

battle of Arras  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1940).On 21 May 1940, 7th Panzer Division under Rommel, leading the inner flank of the thrust from the Meuse, was temporarily checked south of Arras by an improvised British ...

View: