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Erving Goffman

(1922–82) The most influential micro-sociologist during the 1960s and 1970s, Goffman pioneered the dramaturgical perspective for sociology. The influences on his work were many. ...

Goffman, Erving

Goffman, Erving (1922–82)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...was written as an alternative to Harold Garfinkel ’s concept of ethnomethodology . Judith Butler utilizes this work in her essays on war. Although Goffman continues to be read today, his work has been criticized, somewhat paradoxically, for being on the one hand overly impressionistic and on the other hand overly systemic. Further Reading: T. Burns Erving Goffman (1992). P. Manning Erving Goffman and Modern Sociology ...

Goffman, Erving

Goffman, Erving (1922–1982)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,906 words

...Interaction Order. ” American Sociological Review 48 (1983): 1–17. Other Works Burns, T. Erving Goffman . London and New York: Routledge, 1992. Ditton, J. , ed. The View from Goffman . New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980. Drew, P., and A. Wootton , eds. Erving Goffman: Exploring the Interaction Order . Cambridge: Polity Press, 1988. Manning, P. Erving Goffman and Modern Sociology . Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992. Riggins, S. H. Beyond Goffman: Studies on Communication, Institution, and Social Interaction . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,...

Goffman, Erving

Goffman, Erving (1922–1982)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
579 words

..., Erving ( 1922–1982 ) An American sociologist who specialized in the analysis of everyday behavior, symbolism, and interactions. Drawing on an analytical tradition as old as Shakespeare, Goffman developed a dramaturgical approach to social relations, using stage metaphors to illustrate the roles people play when interacting in various settings and conditions. For Goffman, many types of interaction are structured by scripts that outline, in basic terms, which roles are available and what is generally supposed to occur. Unlike the theater, however,...

Goffman, Erving

Goffman, Erving   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
367 words

..., Erving ( 1922–82 ) A sociologist trained in the USA, whose formative fieldwork included ethnography undertaken in the Shetland Islands, UK (see his The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life , 1959 ), and a mental health institution in Washington, DC, in the USA (see Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates , 1961 ). His works are based upon the perspectives and frameworks of symbolic interactionism , premised on close observation of the everyday world and immersion in the culture or institution that is the...

Goffman, Erving

Goffman, Erving (1922–82)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
852 words

..., Erving ( 1922–82 ) The most influential micro-sociologist of the 1960s and 1970s, Goffman pioneered the dramaturgical perspective for sociology. The influences on his work were many. After completing his first degree at the University of Toronto he pursued graduate work at Chicago during the late 1940s. Here he came under the influence of the symbolic interactionists , especially Everett Hughes and Herbert Blumer , as well as neo-Durkheimians such as Lloyd Warner , Edward Shils , and Edward Banfield , and of social anthropology . In this way,...

Goffman, Erving Manual

Goffman, Erving Manual (1922–82)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,396 words

... “ The Passing of Intellectual Generations: Reflections on the Death of Erving Goffman, ” Sociological Theory 4 (1986): 106–13. Ditton, Jason ed. The View from Goffman (New York, 1980). Drew, Paul , and Anthony Wooton , eds. Erving Goffman: Exploring the Interaction Order (Boston, 1988). Fine, Gary Alan , and Gregory W. H. Smith , eds. Erving Goffman , 4 vols (London, 2000). Riggins, Stephen ed. Beyond Goffman (Bloomington, Ind., 1989). Trevino, A. Javier , ed. Goffman’s Legacy (New York, 2003). Charles...

Erving Goffman

Erving Goffman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1922–82)The most influential micro-sociologist during the 1960s and 1970s, Goffman pioneered the dramaturgical perspective for sociology. The influences on his work were many. After completing his ...
focused interaction

focused interaction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A concept applied to the co-ordinating of face-to-face interaction by two or more actors. The contrast is with unfocused interaction, which is communication by gestures and signals that arises simply ...
backstage

backstage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A concept referring to the concealed or protected social spaces or regions in which social actors prepare cultural performances, as opposed to the frontstage or front region in which social ...
total institution

total institution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A term introduced by Erving Goffman in Asylums (1961) to analyse a range of institutions in which whole blocks of people are bureaucratically processed, whilst being physically isolated from the ...
dramaturgical approach

dramaturgical approach  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A sociological perspective that holds that social interactions usually follow familiar and predicable scripts, much like theatrical productions. In this context, individuals are understood as ...
frontstage

frontstage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A concept referring to the public social space or region in which social life is experienced by both those who make particular cultural performances, and those for whom such performances are ...
frame

frame  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In Frame Analysis (1974), Erving Goffman defines a ‘frame’ as ‘definitions of the situation [that] are built up in accordance with the principles of organization which govern events—at least social ...
back stage

back stage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In the theatre, an area behind the stage or performance space that is not visible to the audience.2. (back region) Goffman's metaphor for a private place where a person does not have to keep up ...
encounter

encounter  

Any meeting between two or more people in face-to-face interactions. Sporting competitions are made up of many such interactions.
symbolic type

symbolic type  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
In traditional, modern, and postmodern worlds, certain religious figures, cult leaders, political personages, stars of the mass media, and the like have become symbolic types, a term that refers to ...
William Stephenson

William Stephenson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1902–89)William Stephenson was born on 14 May 1902 in Chopwell, County Durham, England, and died on 14 June 1989 in Columbia, Missouri. He was educated in physics at the ...
face-to-face interaction

face-to-face interaction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
*Synchronous social interaction between individuals co-present in the same physical location, normally through speech and nonverbal communication. It is a particular concern in social psychology and ...
self-presentation

self-presentation  

The conscious or unconscious control of the impression that one creates in social interactions or situations. It is one of the important forms of impression management, namely management of one's own ...
gossip

gossip  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A form of communication that consists of evaluative talk about absent others, gossip is described by some as connoting warmth, intimacy, and bonding, though most descriptions stress the destructive ...

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