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Ernest J. King

(1878–1956) U.S. Navy admiral, born in Lorain, Ohio. King was commander in chief of the U.S. Fleet (1941–45) and chief of naval operations (1942–45). In these two capacities, King had ... ...

King, Ernest J.

King, Ernest J. (1878–1956)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Ernest J. ( 1878–1956 ) U.S. Navy admiral , born in Lorain, Ohio . King was commander in chief of the U.S. Fleet ( 1941–45 ) and chief of naval operations ( 1942–45 ). In these two capacities, King had authority over all aspects of the navy and its operations during World War II . As a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff , he worked with the British chiefs of staff on the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff to plan the global strategy of the war. Before U.S. entry into the war with the attack on Pearl Harbor ( 1941 ), King had been commander...

King, Ernest J.

King, Ernest J. (1877–1956)   Reference library

James C. Bradford

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Navy, U.S. ; Spanish–American War (1898) ; Submarines and Submarine Warfare ; World War I (1914–1918) ; and World War II (1939–1945). ] Bibliography Buell, Thomas . Master of Sea Power . Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1995. King, Ernest J. Fleet Admiral King . New York: W. W. Norton, 1952. King, Ernest J. U.S. Navy at War 1941–1945: Official Reports to the Secretary of the Navy . Reprint. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Navy, 2001. James C....

King, Ernest J.

King, Ernest J. (1878–1956)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...chief, U.S. fleet. He remained CNO until his retirement from the navy in December 1945 . [See also: Navy, U.S., 1899–1945 .] Ernest J. King and W.M. Whitehill , Fleet Admiral King: A Naval Record , 1952; Thomas B. Buell , Master of Seapower: A Biography of Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King , 1980; Robert William Lowe, Jr. , ed., The Chiefs of Naval Operation , 1980; Eric Larrabee , Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants and Their War , 1987. John Whiteclay Chambers...

King, Ernest J.

King, Ernest J.   Reference library

James C. Bradford

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
278 words

...King, Ernest J. ( 1877–1956 ), World War II strategist and commander. Born in Lorain, Ohio, King entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1897 , served on the cruiser San Francisco off Cuba during the Spanish-American War , and graduated in 1901 . Before World War I , he served as an aide to Rear Admiral Hugo Osterhaus . While on the staff of Henry T. Mayo during the war, King became suspicious of British political motives and developed a low opinion of the Royal Navy that would last a lifetime. After World War I, King became both a submariner and an...

Ernest J. King

Ernest J. King (1878–1956)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
83 words

...Ernest J. King 1878 – 1956 Strategy for dealing with the press during World War II : Don't tell them a thing. After it's over, tell them who won. Admiral King was Chief of Naval Operations cited by Christopher Buckley, New York Times Book Review [March 12, 1995] “Difficulties” is the name given to things which it is our business to over-come. Admiral King had been named Chief of Naval Operations the preceding March graduation address, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., June 19,...

King, Admiral Ernest J.

King, Admiral Ernest J. (1878–1956)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

..., Admiral Ernest J. ( 1878–1956 ), C-in-C of the US Fleet who was assessed by the official US Navy historian as being ‘the Navy's principal architect of victory’ and ‘undoubtedly the best naval strategist and organizer in our history.’ Born in Ohio of Scottish parents, King served in destroyers during the First World War and on the staff of the commander of the Atlantic Fleet's Battleship Force. Besides having a ruthless, driving personality, he was a man determined to master every aspect of his profession and between the wars he became both a submariner...

Ernest J. King

Ernest J. King  

(1878–1956) U.S. Navy admiral, born in Lorain, Ohio. King was commander in chief of the U.S. Fleet (1941–45) and chief of naval operations (1942–45). In these two capacities, King had ...
The Winter’s Tale

The Winter’s Tale   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,428 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...satisfactory screen incarnation: for its time it was adventurous in its use of the medium, with stylized settings and considerable use of close-up asides to camera. Anthony Davies Recent major editions Recent major editions Stephen Orgel (Oxford, 1996); J. H. P. Pafford (Arden, 1963); Ernest Schanzer (New Penguin, 1969) Some representative criticism Barber, C. L. , in Shakespeare’s Festive Comedy (1959) Bartholomeusz, Dennis , ‘ The Winter’s Tale’ on the Stage in England and America, 1611–1976 (1982) Belsey, Catherine , in Shakespeare and the...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...by a hierarchical state in which class displaces kin, and patronage dominates relationships. G. Ernest Wright (“The Provinces of Solomon,” Eretz-Israel 8 [1967], 58 * –68 * ) suggested that Solomon's provincial system led to crosscutting kin groups by gerrymandering tribal territories in the interest of breaking up old sodalities forged through common descent (whether real or fictive) and a radical realignment based on production and service to the king and his royal household. According to Wright, this reorganization of the countryside by Solomon ( 1...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

Vincent Giroud

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,215 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...new kind of illustrated press ( Le Charivari , La Caricature ), where Honoré Daumier and, especially, J. J. Grandville published their work. Grandville dominated the illustrated book of the 1830s and 1840s , much as *Doré did in the 1850s and 1860s . A celebrated achievement of the Romantic period remains the 1838 Paul et Virginie published by Léon Curmer, with woodcuts and etchings by Tony Johannot , Louis Français , Eugène Isabey , Ernest Meissonier , Paul Huet , and Charles Marville . The greatest monument of the time, however, and one of...

1700 to the Present

1700 to the Present   Reference library

Ronald Clements

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,692 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
18

...Colani (1824–88), Eduard Reuss (1804–91), and, after 1875, H. J. Holtzmann (1832–1910). Reuss was undoubtedly one of the formative figures in introducing new methods and perspectives of biblical interpretation to both Old and New Testaments. Only the late publication of his researches into the origins of the Old Testament led to the relative neglect of recognition for their originality. The most celebrated and widely read author of a reconstruction of the historical life of Jesus was Ernest Renan (1823–92). Briefly associated with a professorship of...

Joshua

Joshua   Reference library

Gordon McConville and Gordon McConville

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,409 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...(Scholars Press). Gertz, J. (1994), Die Gerichtsorganisation Israels im deuteronomischen Gesetz (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht). Gottwald, N. K. (1979) The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel, 1250–1050 BCE (London: SCM). Halbe, J. (1975), ‘Erwägungen zum Ursprung und Wesen des Massotfestes’, ZAW 87: 324–45. Kang, S.-M. (1989), Divine War in the Old Testament , BZAW 177 (Berlin: Mouton, de Gruyter). Kenyon, K. (1979), Archaeology in the Holy Land , 4th edn. (London: Ernest Benn). Kloppenborg, J. S. (1981), ‘Joshua 22:...

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries   Reference library

Paul Hoftijzer

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,047 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...it, the book was printed at the author’s own expense; to his relief, he had (barely) found a sufficient number of people willing to subscribe to it. (Nearly a third of the subscribers came from The Netherlands.) The novel’s eventual success convinced one entrepreneur, Joseph-Ernest Buschmann, of the viability of setting up a publishing firm in Antwerp that specialized in Flemish literary works; throughout the second half of the 19 th century, however, it would remain difficult for Flemish writers to get their work published. Although in 1893 a Dutch book...

Islam and Humanism

Islam and Humanism   Reference library

Mamadiou Dia

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...truth. It is Averroes (Ibn Rushd) [Spain- Morocco, died 1198] who by his Aristotelian rationalism—that in reality never abandoned the dialectic of esoteric ta’wil [interpretation]—will give rise after the live curiosity of Middle Age Christianity, to the enthusiasm of Ernest Renan [French Orientalist, 1823–1892], who will make a free thinker out of him, when he was never anything but an Islamic free thinker . But, at least as much as secular thought, it is religious thought itself that is affected by the philosophical idea of progress. It is that...

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt   Reference library

Carol A. Redmount

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,877 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...No Egyptian pharaoh associated with the Exodus events is named. When the king of Arad fights the Israelites in Numbers 21.1 , he is merely called “the Canaanite, the king of Arad.” In those few places where the Exodus narrative is meticulous about detail, the particulars are either unhelpful—such as the stages in the trek out of Egypt, or the names of the three Transjordanian rulers (King Sihon of the Amorites in Num. 21.21 ; King Og of Bashan in Num. 21.33 ; Balak, son of Zippor, king of Moab, in Num. 22.4 ) who are completely unknown outside the Bible—or...

Romans

Romans   Reference library

Craig C. Hill and Craig C. Hill

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,053 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... trans. and ed. J. D. Ernest (3 vols.; Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson). Stendahl, K. (1963), ‘The Apostle Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West’, HTR 56:199–215. Stirewalt, L. M. Jr. (1977), ‘The Form and Function of the Greek Letter-Essay’, in Donfried (1991). Stowers, S. K. (1981), The Diatribe and Paul's Letter to the Romans, SBLDS 57 (Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press). ———(1994), A Rereading of Romans (New Haven: Yale University Press). Stuhlmacher, P. (1994), Paul's Letter to the Romans: A Commentary, trans. S. J. Hafemann (Louisville,...

Ernest Augustus

Ernest Augustus  

(1771–1851).Ernest Augustus, fifth son of George III, had an eventful life. At 15 he was sent to the University of Göttingen in Hanover and in 1790 was commissioned in the Hanoverian army. A brave ...
Erechtheum

Erechtheum  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A marble temple of the Ionic order built on the Acropolis in Athens c. 421–406 bc, with shrines to Athene, Poseidon, and Erechtheus, a legendary king of Athens. A masterpiece of the Ionic order, it ...
Hyde Park Declaration

Hyde Park Declaration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Economic agreement between Canada and the USA which was signed by Roosevelt and Mackenzie King on 20 April 1941 at Hyde Park, the American president's home on the Hudson River. ...
western hemisphere

western hemisphere  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In July 1940 Roosevelt declared at the Havana conference that the USA would be responsible for the defence of the western hemisphere. This area was then defined by Admiral King ...

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