View:

Overview

Eritrea

A country in north-eastern Africa, on the Red Sea. Physical. Eritrea consists of a narrow coastal low-lying area and rises towards the Ethiopian plateau in the south. ...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
498 words

...) resolution established a federation between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The federation was abolished in 1962 , a year after smaller groups of Eritrean liberation fighters had initiated what became a thirty-year liberation war. Throughout the war, the Eritrean liberation fighters held the northern highlands around the town of Nakfa. The war ended in 1991 with Eritrean independence. This was confirmed in a referendum in 1993 , and Eritrea became an independent state. Ethiopia was the first country to recognize Eritrean independence, and relations were good for...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,537 words
Illustration(s):
1

...at Sennar became the first Muslim state in the Sudan, neighboring Eritrea. The Funj attracted holy men from Arabia, Nubia, and Egypt to introduce Sunnī Islamic theology and religious practices, and Mālikī jurisprudence to the central Sudan that spread across the Eritrean border with the Beja, Beni-Amer, and Hadendowa people. While some of the earliest Muslims entered Eritrea from the maritime east, it was from the Funj that Islam took a deeper hold on western Eritrea. Asmara, Eritrea. Mosque in the capital city. Photograph by Erich Holm von Prosch / ...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,257 words
Illustration(s):
2

...country, many hoping to reach Europe. In 2017 , the USA imposed a ban on any dealings with the Eritrean navy in response to a report that Eritrea had bought military equipment from North Korea. The following year the USA named Eritrea as a ‘Country of particular concern’ over its violation of religious freedom. See also Country data table http://www.shabait.com/index.php Shabait.com, Eritrea Ministry of Information site http://www.eritreadaily.net/ Eritrea Daily , US-based news site ...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
607 words
Illustration(s):
3

...British military administration. In 1952 the UN made Eritrea a self-governing part of Ethiopia. Ethiopian rule proved unpopular and, in 1958 , Eritrean nationalists formed the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF). War broke out in 1961 between the ELF and the Ethiopians. In 1962 , Ethiopia declared Eritrea to be a province, sparking off a war of independence. The Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) was formed in 1970 , replacing the ELF as the main anti-Ethiopian organization. In 1974 , Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie was overthrown and a military...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Eritrea ( Tigrinya: Iertra ) The State of Eritrea (Tigrinya: Hagere Iertra; Arabic: Dawlat Iritriyā) since 1993 when independence from Ethiopia was gained. Previously the Eritrea Autonomous Region within Ethiopia ( 1991–3 ); annexed by Ethiopia as its 14th province ( 1962–91 ); federated as an autonomous state with Ethiopia ( 1952–62 ); a British UN Trust Territory ( 1941–52 ); an Italian colony ( 1890–1941 ). In 1889 Menelik II ( 1844–1913 ), Emperor of Ethiopia ( 1889–1913 ), signed the Treaty of Wichale which recognized Italian possessions on...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
384 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Source: MAPS IN MINUTES™ © RH Publications ( 1997 ) Capital: Asmara Area: 117,600 sq km (45,406 sq miles) Population: 6,233,682 ( 2013 est) Currency: 1 nafka = 100 cents Religions: Muslim 50.0%; Eritrean Orthodox 24.0%; Roman Catholic 10.0%; other Christian 6.0% Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 55.0%; Tigré 30.0%; Saho 4.0% Languages: Arabic, English, Tigrinya (all official); Tigré; minority languages International Organizations: UN; AU; Non-Aligned Movement A country in north-eastern Africa, on the Red Sea. Physical Eritrea consists of a narrow coastal...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
769 words

... . The borders of present-day Eritrea were first drawn during Italian colonization ( 1889–1941 ). After three decades of war with Ethiopia, its last colonizer, Eritrea achieved independence in May 1991 with the military victory of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF), and became a UN member in 1993 . Eritrea encompasses an area of 46,774 square miles (121,144 sq. km.). The country's temperate highlands are inhabited by settled farming communities, the lowland regions of the Red Sea coast and the western areas by, for the most part, nomadic...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
725 words
Illustration(s):
1

...badly affected by drought in recent years, and on money transfers from Eritreans living abroad. In 2017 , the USA imposed a ban on any dealings with the Eritrean navy in response to a report that Eritrea had bought military equipment from North Korea. The following year the USA named Eritrea as a ‘Country of particular concern’ over its violation of religious freedom. http://www.shabait.com/index.php Shabait.com, Eritrea Ministry of Information site http://www.eritreadaily.net/ Eritrea Daily, US-based news...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... was an Italian East African colony from which Italian forces invaded Abyssinia in October 1935 , after which it became part of Italian East Africa. During the East African campaign British and Commonwealth troops overran it and the British remained there until 1952 when it was handed over to Abyssinia...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,883 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Nation in the Horn of Africa, bordering the Red Sea, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. Eritrea is one of the world’s newest nations, and also one of its poorest. Small and drought-prone, it boasts few natural resources. But Eritrea’s Red Sea location has a rich cultural history, developed over centuries of migrations and trade, as well as a long history of warfare, fueled largely by the strategic interests of its neighbors and other foreign powers. Compared to other African countries, Eritrea has some of the oldest traditions of Islam and Christianity and...

Eritrea

Eritrea   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
4,780 words

...in Eritrea. Though there is no space for rights-based advocacy within Eritrea, human rights watchdog organizations and advocacy groups have proliferated among the Eritrean diaspora. Among the most prominent are Eritrean Global Solidarity, which is active in the United States and Canada; the Network of Eritrean Civil Societies in Europe; and the Eritrean Movement for Democracy and Human Rights in South Africa. There are also numerous small organizations with specialized missions, such as the Eritrean Anti-Militarism Initiative in Frankfurt, Germany; Eritreans for...

Massawa, Eritrea

Massawa, Eritrea   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Eritrea Major Red Sea port and the second largest city of Eritrea. Massawa’s varied Arab, Turkish, and Italian architecture reflects the Horn of Africa’s long history of trade and foreign occupation. Heavily damaged during Eritrea ’s roughly thirty-year war for independence, which ended in 1993 , the city has rebuilt its port and industries. The earliest references to the fishing village of Massawa date to the ninth century c.e . By the eleventh century Massawa was a major port, linked to interior kingdoms by caravan routes. It was also a center of...

Asmara, Eritrea

Asmara, Eritrea   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...capital of Eritrea in 1900 . It grew rapidly during the 1930s, as rural Eritreans and immigrant Italians alike sought work in new industries, among them textiles and food processing. Residential areas in Asmara at this time were strictly segregated. In 1941 British troops occupied Asmara. The city slumped following Eritrea's federation with Ethiopia in 1951 . No longer an administrative capital, Asmara soon lost its industrial base as well. Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie had factories dismantled and moved to Addis Ababa . During Eritrea's thirty-year...

Eritrea, Islam in

Eritrea, Islam in   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
109 words

...Eritrea, Islam in Islam has been linked to Eritrea since the seventh century, when followers of the Prophet Muhammad sought refuge in the Aksumite Empire because of Meccan persecution. Today almost half of the population is Muslim, and Muslims have been central to recent Eritrean developments, including the 1961–91 independence movement. Islam developed indigenously after the arrival of Arabs in the ninth century and under Imam Ahmed Gran in the sixteenth century. Nineteenth-century reformers changed Islamic practices and founded the first Islamic schools...

Africa: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia

Africa: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
880 words

...their inception in the late 1880s, Eritrea and the then two Somali colonies had both experienced Italian and British rule, while ancient Ethiopia had never been externally colonized, the dominant Amhara dynasty itself performing the imperialist role. In 1920 , the first Italian opera house, today's Cinema Asmara, was built in the Eritrean capital. Until the early 1940s expatriate entertainment was out of bounds for colonial subjects; but after Italy's defeat in the Second World War indigenous urban theatre in both Eritrea and Somalia started to flourish....

Eritrea

Eritrea   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
47 words

... • abaya , betrayer, conveyor, Eritrea, flayer, Freya, gainsayer, layer, Malaya, Marbella, Maya, Mayer, Nouméa, obeyer, payer, player, portrayer, prayer, preyer, purveyor, slayer, sprayer, stayer, strayer, surveyor, waylayer, weigher • tracklayer • bricklayer • minelayer • record-player • taxpayer • ratepayer • naysayer • soothsayer •...

Eriˈtrea

Eriˈtrea nf   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: Italian-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
3 words
Eritrea–Yemen Maritime Delimitation Arbitration

Eritrea–Yemen Maritime Delimitation Arbitration   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
196 words

...–Yemen Maritime Delimitation Arbitration (Eritrea v. Yemen) (1999) 22 R.I.A.A. 335 . The dispute between Eritrea and Yemen over title to a group of islands in the Red Sea was submitted to arbitration under the Agreement on Principles of 21 May 1996 . On 9 October 1998 , a tribunal had determined the question of sovereignty over the islands: see Sovereignty over Various Red Sea Islands Arbitration . In this second stage, on 17 December 1999 , the same Tribunal of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (Jennings, Schwebel, El-Kosheri, Highet, and Higgins) ...

Eritrea

Eritrea n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
Eritrea

Eritrea   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words

View: