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Overview

English Association

Subject: Literature

Founded in 1906 to promote the teaching and advanced study of the English language and of English literature, it mounts conferences and publishes journals, including English and Essays and ...

English Association

English Association (Sydney Branch)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
108 words

... Association (Sydney Branch) , which is affiliated with the parent English Association (London, 1906–  ), was founded in 1923 and until 1944 was known as the Australian English Association. It has aimed since its inauguration to foster the recognition, study and teaching of English language and literature, with the additional objective since 1949 of encouraging the study of Australian literature. Prominent among its activities are the annual public lectures for matriculation students and the sponsorship of the journals Southerly and Sydney...

English Association

English Association   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
64 words

... Association Founded in 1906 to promote the teaching and advanced study of the English language and of English literature, it mounts conferences and publishes journals, including English and Essays and Studies . Past presidents include John Galsworthy , I. A. Richards , and Rebecca West . Since 1993 it has been based at Leicester University and in 2006 it was incorporated by royal...

English Association

English Association  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Founded in 1906 to promote the teaching and advanced study of the English language and of English literature, it mounts conferences and publishes journals, including English and Essays and Studies. ...
Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,654 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the West Country is showing, moreover, that even in the 19th century local people shared mental ‘maps’ of their areas in terms of landscape features and boundaries and their peculiarly local association with a range of supernatural or mythological perceptions (see Charles Phythian‐Adams , ‘Environments and Identities: Landscape as Cultural Projection in the English Provincial Past’, in Paul Slack (ed.), Environments and Historical Change: The Linacre Lectures, 1998 (1999) ). The marking of boundaries as transitional between two different worlds is, of...

Language

Language   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...was the foundation of modern English. Where philosophers like Harris and Burnett wanted an English which reflected what they took to be the rational purity of a universal grammar derived by analogy from the classical languages, Tooke celebrated the Anglo-Saxon origins of English. The occlusion of these origins was for Tooke the linguistic equivalent of the Norman usurpation of ancient English liberties that was central to the radical political histories produced by Paine and other radicals [ see *constitutionalism ]. English as a language was effectively...

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,365 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by university extramural departments, the Workers’ Educational Association ( WEA ), and other adult education bodies, and the formation of local history societies in every part of the land. The quarterly journal the Local Historian and Local History Magazine cater for this readership. See also D. P. Dymond , Writing Local History (2nd edn, 1996) , Kate Tiller , English Local History: An Introduction (2nd edn, 2002) , and C. P. Lewis , Particular Places: An Introduction to English Local History (1989) . The amateur and professional come together...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...often virtually in competition with each other. These worked with a leading society, such as (at different times) the Yorkshire Association, the London Corresponding Society ( see *corresponding societies ), the Hampden Club, the National Union of the Working Classes, or the Birmingham Political Union, trying with only partial success to give a clear lead to dozens, even hundreds, of other reform societies. The Yorkshire Association had attracted the support of about 8,000 men in the county on its launch in 1779 , the London Corresponding Society had over...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...numerous publications of the Federation and the Family History Online web site provide valuable information and guidance for Welsh family historians. Similarly, the activities and publications of the British Association for Local History ( BALH ), and, before that, of the Standing Conference for Local History , have assisted Welsh as well as English local historians, as both organizations have sought to encourage the study of local history in Wales and provide services necessary for its furtherance. The quarterly journal the Local Historian occasionally...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...some consolation for the government late in November 1792 in the form of the *Association for the Preservation of Liberty and Property against Republicans and Levellers , an independent initiative by John *Reeves , a London magistrate. Reeves published a series of loyal resolutions in several of the London papers, and suggested that meetings to pass similar resolutions might be held throughout the country, to which there was a widespread favourable response. Local associations played an active role in initiating prosecutions of radical printers,...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...who linked the cause of *Catholic emancipation with the wider campaign for civil and religious liberty. Other elements of the Enlightenment were rather more fragmented. With the French Revolution, the scientific community was alarmed by the association of science with Dissent and reform politics. The English Enlightenment had always had an important gentlemanly element; at its most high-minded this involved a keen amateur dimension of science committed to a Baconian belief in the value of experimentation and observation. This naturally conservative...

Family History

Family History   Quick reference

Anthony Camp

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Record Office, little systematic indexing by surname took place until the 1970s and 1980s. The decision, taken by the Genealogical Society of Utah in association with the British Genealogical Record Users’ Committee in 1988 , to transcribe and index the whole of the 1881 census returns for England, Wales, and Scotland was followed by that of The National Archives to make similar indexes for the 1901 English and Welsh returns, and then by various commercial enterprises to transcribe all the available census returns and to make them available on fee‐paying...

Towns

Towns   Quick reference

David M. Palliser

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,140 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...40 miles. London and a few other large towns were already attracting immigrants from overseas; and until 1290 (when they were expelled from the realm) several large English towns included a colony of Jews. The period from the 12th to the 14th centuries was also one of growing urban autonomy. By the 12th century the merchants and craftsmen in many towns formed themselves into an association ( guild merchant , or Hanse) to maintain and regulate a trading monopoly, and the leading guildsmen then usually tried to acquire political power as well. In England the...

Britain and America: A Common Heritage

Britain and America: A Common Heritage   Quick reference

George Redmonds

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,879 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...made spurs, bits, and other horse ‘gear’. Examples of ‘lorimer’ as a by‐name abound in English sources, and the dictionaries quote these when explaining the etymology. In fact, the surname Lorimer is principally found in Scotland, and in 1881 almost 80 per cent of those listed lived in that country, that is, 926 in a total of 1 196. Lorimer can have few English associations, and yet successive books on English surnames ignore that fact. Indeed, many apparently English surnames are either exclusively Scottish or are far more prominent in Scotland than in...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...history societies are affiliated to the Scottish Association of Family History Societies. These, together with the older Scottish Genealogy Society, have done enormous work in transcribing and indexing epitaphs, registers, and censuses. The modern pursuit of genealogy appears to have no distinctively Scottish element, being shared by peoples throughout western Europe and the New World; though the fact that so many Scots emigrated to the latter has made Scotland a particular focus, with added associations of nostalgia for lost, imagined homelands. Given...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the late 19th century became a different animal from that of the early period: it can be seen in residential patterns (on which relevant, if not conventional labour history, is Richard Dennis , English Industrial Cities of the Nineteenth Century: A Social Geography ( 1984 ), leisure activities (see, for example, Tony Mason , Association Football and English Society, 1863–1915 (1980) , and ‘culture’ (for an introduction, see Eric Hobsbawm, ‘The Formation of British Working‐Class Culture’, in Hobsbawm, Worlds of Labour ( 1984 ). The working class...

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,017 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...were in English. The Government Printer continued to produce some works in Maori, but after publication of The Native School Reader for Standards II and III in 1886 , government policy shifted toward teaching the Maori to read in English, a focus retained in schools until the beginnings of Maori language immersion schools in the late 1970s . Maori only became an official language of New Zealand in 1987 , and the first New Zealand publisher specializing in Maori, Huia, was not established until 1991 . 3 Publishers commercial and educational English-language...

Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as a ‘rabble’ whose part was merely to obey. And in Ireland, although English law was applied by the courts, the indigenous Catholics were not thought worthy of its full advantages until 1829 , by which time English institutions had been thoroughly tainted. Moreover, the positive rights of English *women [4] were severely limited under common law. But despite these serious qualifications, and although there was no general agreement about either the law's substance or its purposes, English citizens of all classes shared an awareness of the rights and...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...quo (in contradistinction to ad hoc rites of passage) may thus be seen as thereby gaining added public significance from the symbolic associations of their timing. The regular punctuation of normal working life by such ritualized customary activity, finally, clearly also helped to highlight whatever element of the local social structure was then being given prominence. At the popular level, it is the fleeting relics of association between the seasons and the more basic aspects of social structure, the ‘ages of man’—birth at Christmas, death at Halloween—that...

12 The Economics of Print

12 The Economics of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,040 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

..., the Printing Act lapsed and the value of English Stock declined, thereby eroding the control of the Stationers’ Company over the trade. Copy-owners feared the loss of protection of their copyright and an increase in *piracy , so they replaced the institutional control of the Stationers’ Company by trade agreements directly with members of *congers , associations of booksellers or printers who increased their power in the market by pooling their resources in a kind of joint-stock partnership. Such associations not only helped to ensure greater financial...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the changing languages of politics and economics was the repression launched against the new urban radical associations like the *corresponding societies . Founded in London and elsewhere from 1792 onward, these were the first political associations to try to recruit ‘numbers unlimited’. The Seditious Meetings Act of 1795 , the suspension of habeas corpus, and finally the Combination Acts ( 1799–1800 ) [ see *gagging acts ] pushed these associations increasingly into a twilight zone of secrecy and closed down every other form of labour combination as well,...

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