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Encyclopédie

Subject: Literature

The great 18th-century French enterprise, the Encyclopédie was designed as a synoptic description of the branches of human knowledge. The leading figures behind the enterprise were Diderot ...

Encyclopédie

Encyclopédie   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
466 words

...Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the “Encyclopédie,” 1775–1800 . Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1979. The definitive study of the Encyclopédie as a commercial enterprise. Donato, Clorinda , and Robert M. Maniquis , eds. The “Encyclopédie” and the Age of Revolution . Boston: G. K. Hall, 1992. Essays on the historical impact of the Encyclopédie . Kafker, Frank A. , and Serena L. Kafker . The Encyclopedists as Individuals: A Biographical Dictionary of the Authors of the “Encyclopédie.” Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 257....

Encyclopédie

Encyclopédie   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
143 words

... The great 18th-century French enterprise, the Encyclopédie was designed as a synoptic description of the branches of human knowledge. The leading figures behind the enterprise were Diderot and d’Alembert , and contributors included Holbach , Montesquieu , Rousseau , and Voltaire , sometimes known collectively as the encyclopedists. The work is a bible of the Enlightenment , philosophically very much in the tradition of Locke and Bayle . Its anti-clerical, humanistic tone led to its temporary suppression by royal decree in 1759 , but...

Encyclopédie

Encyclopédie   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
3,942 words

... L'Encyclopédie d'Yverdon de F. B. de Félice, 1723–1789 . Yverdon, 1981. Darnton, Robert . The Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the “Encyclopédie.” Cambridge, Mass., 1979. Desautels, Alfred R. Les Mémoires de Trévoux et le mouvement des idées au XVIII e siècle (1701–1734). Rome, 1956. Donato, Clorinda , and Robert Maniquis , ed. The “Encyclopédie” and the Age of Revolution . Boston, 1992. Guyot, Charly . Le Rayonnement de l'Encyclopédie en Suisse française . Neuchâtel, 1955. Hardesty, Kathleen . The “Supplément” to the “Encyclopédie.” ...

Encyclopédie

Encyclopédie   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
405 words

... Denis Diderot’s Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers was published between 1751 and 1772 in 28 *folio volumes, including eleven volumes of *plates . This prestigious work, with contributions from some 140 contributors, had modest origins. In 1745 the Parisian publisher Le Breton accepted a proposal from two minor men of letters, Gottfried Sellius and John Mills, to publish a *translation of Ephraim *Chambers ’s two-volume Cyclopaedia or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (5e, 1741–3 )....

Encyclopédie, L'

Encyclopédie, L'   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
108 words

..., L' A dictionary of universal knowledge published between 1751 and 1772 in seventeen volumes of text and eleven volumes of plates. It was conceived originally as a translation of Ephraim Chambers 's Cyclopedia , but under the editorship of Diderot and d'Alembert it aspired to provide an account of the current state of knowledge and to ‘change the general way of thinking’, embodying the ideas and aspirations of the Enlightenment. Contributors included Voltaire , Montesquieu , Rousseau , Buffon , and Jacques Turgot ( 1727–81 ). Its...

Encyclopédie, L'

Encyclopédie, L'   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
727 words

..., L' . One of the most important publishing ventures of the 18th c., often regarded as the best embodiment of the ideas and values of the French Enlightenment . The Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers was published in 17 large volumes, augmented by II splendid volumes of plates, between 1751 and 1772 . It had originally been conceived by a consortium of booksellers as a translation of Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopedia ; under the general editorship of Diderot and Alembert it quickly grew into something...

Encyclopédie, L'

Encyclopédie, L'   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
141 words

..., L' A dictionary of universal knowledge published between 1751 and 1772 in seventeen volumes of text and eleven volumes of plates. Conceived originally as a translation of Ephraim Chambers 's Cyclopedia , it grew under the editorship of Diderot and d'Alembert into something much bigger and more subversive. With articles written by the leading intellectuals of the age, including Voltaire , Montesquieu , Rousseau , Buffon , and Jacques Turgot ( 1727–81 ), it attempted both to provide an account of the current state of knowledge and to ‘change...

encyclopédie

encyclopédie nf   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary: French-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
Encyclopédie

Encyclopédie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The great 18th-century French enterprise, the Encyclopédie was designed as a synoptic description of the branches of human knowledge. The leading figures behind the enterprise were Diderot and ...
25 The History of the Book in Switzerland

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,936 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...market, but this proved particularly true in the latter half of the 18 th century, when Swiss-French publishers in Geneva, Lausanne, Neuchâtel, and Yverdon flooded the international market with *piracies of recently published literary and philosophical works, notably the * Encyclopédie ( 1751–72 ), but also political and anti-clerical tracts, as well as erotica and *pornographic literature. Of particular importance was the *Société Typographique de Neuchâtel , founded in 1769 , whose archives have survived largely intact and constitute an invaluable...

28 The History of the Book in Italy

28 The History of the Book in Italy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,068 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...his best-known publications therefore are his specimens, including the misleadingly titled Manuale tipografico issued by his widow in 1818 . The steady advance of francophone culture is marked also by editions of the Encyclopédie in Lucca ( 1758–76 ) and in Livorno ( 1770–78 ), as well as by the reprint of the later Encyclopédie méthodique undertaken by the Seminary of *Padua . The other end of the market was formed by a large-scale production, often in minor centres, of *almanacs , *chapbooks , works of popular piety, and so on, much of it...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,032 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of ‘tacit’ or oral permissions to legitimize provincial piracies. Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, director of the Librairie in 1750–63 , was a friend of the philosophes and pursued this trend, protecting *Rousseau and tipping off the printers of the * Encyclopédie against possible arrest. But he was caught in another French 18 th -century paradox: although the monarchy was largely sympathetic to the Enlightenment, it had to contend with other traditional sources of censorship, the Church and parliaments, whose interventions (generally...

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,008 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...(G. Pamph. 1821(5) She supported the founding of the Society for the Publication of Foreign Books ( 1768–83 ), which was responsible for the publication of 112 separate translations (including Fielding, Tasso, *Rousseau , Montesquieu, Voltaire, and selections from the * Encyclopédie ), and became the leading voice for the Russian Enlightenment. In the wake of Catherine’s initiation of the journal Vsiakaia vsiachina (Odds and Ends, 1769 ), a spate of short-lived satirical journals, on the model of English periodicals such as the Spectator , came into...

Abraham-Joseph de Chaumeix

Abraham-Joseph de Chaumeix  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c. 1730–1790).Author of Préjugés légitimes contre l'Encyclopédie (1758–9), a voluminous attack on the Encyclopédie and Helvétius's De l'esprit.
Théophile de Bordeu

Théophile de Bordeu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1722–76).French doctor whose modern theories (Recherches sur le pouls, 1756) won him considerable celebrity. He contributed to the Encyclopédie and Diderot used him as a mouthpiece in Le Rêve de ...
Le Dictionnaire philosophique portatif

Le Dictionnaire philosophique portatif  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Voltaire's compact, personal response to the cumbersome Encyclopédie of which he said: ‘Twenty folio volumes will never make a revolution. It is the little portable volumes costing thirty sous that ...
Charles-Georges Fenouillot de Falbaire de Quingey

Charles-Georges Fenouillot de Falbaire de Quingey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1727–1800).Inspecteur Général of a salt‐works and contributor to the Encyclopédie. He wrote drames, the most famous being L'Honnête Criminel (1767), a protest against the position of Protestants in ...
César Chesneau Du Marsais, sieur

César Chesneau Du Marsais, sieur  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1676–1756).He wrote on religious and philosophical topics, but is remembered as a grammarian, author of many articles on language in the Encyclopédie and of the posthumous Logique et principes ...
Representations of Reading

Representations of Reading  

In the Encyclopédie of Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert, two entries by Louis Jaucourt define the reader and reading. The article “Lecteur,” after a neutral definition of a ...
Gabriel Girard, abbé

Gabriel Girard, abbé  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1677–1748).French grammarian, remembered for his influential dictionary, Synonymes français (1736, originally published 1718 as La Justesse de la langue française), which was much used by Diderot ...

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