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Egyptian deities

Subject: Religion

The Graeco‐Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the Egyptians' worship of animals a polemical contrast ...

Egyptian deities

Egyptian deities   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
134 words

... deities the Graeco‐Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the Egyptians' worship of animals a polemical contrast to their own norms, just as, conversely, the Egyptians turned animal‐worship into a symbol of national identity. The first Egyptian divinity to be recognized by the Greek world was the oracular Ammon of the Siwa oasis; but oracles have a special status. The only form of Late Egyptian religion to be assimilated into the Graeco‐Roman world was to a degree...

Egyptian deities

Egyptian deities   Reference library

Richard L. Gordon

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
465 words

... deities the Graeco-Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Despite Herodotus 2. 50. 1 (comm. A. B. Lloyd , 1975–88 ), many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the Egyptians’ worship of animals a polemical contrast to their own norms (though cf. Cic. Nat. D . 1. 29. 81 f.), just as, conversely, the Egyptians turned animal-worship into a symbol of national identity (cf. Diod. Sic. 1. 86–90). The first Egyptian divinity to be recognized by the Greek world was the oracular Ammon of the Siwa oasis (Hdt. 2. 54–7);...

Egyptian deities

Egyptian deities   Reference library

Richard L. Gordon

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
572 words

... deities the Graeco-Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Despite Herodotus 2. 50. 1 (comm. A. B. Lloyd, 1975–88), many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the Egyptians' worship of animals a polemical contrast to their own norms (though cf. Cic. Nat. D. 1. 29. 81 f.), just as, conversely, the Egyptians turned animal-worship into a symbol of national identity (cf. Diod. Sic. 1. 86–90). The first Egyptian divinity to be recognized by the Greek world was the oracular Ammon of the Siwa oasis (Hdt. 2. 54–7); but...

Egyptian deities

Egyptian deities  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Graeco‐Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the Egyptians' worship of animals a polemical contrast to their ...
Mythology

Mythology   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,714 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Charles Wilkins ( 1749–1836 ), Sir William *Jones , and Nathaniel Halhed ( 1751–1830 ) from the 1770s, added Persian and Hindu deities to the more familiar Latin and Greek pantheons, and the Middle Eastern gods of the Old Testament. A renewal of interest in accounts of indigenous Americans, as well as the *exploration [37] of the Pacific by * Cook and others further extended the global pantheon of myths and deities. This mythographic revolution had a parallel in studies in European *antiquarianism [35] . Bishop *Percy 's translation of Mallet 's...

2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,978 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...books of the ancient Jews represented a narrative about God’s interaction with His chosen people. Within this dramatic narrative, the major themes of Israel’s faith were related, which included the promise of the ancient patriarchs to be faithful to their deity, the divine deliverance of Israel from Egypt, divine guidance while wandering in the wilderness, the bestowing of the law at Sinai to the prophet Moses, and the inheritance of the promised land. This narrative is often shortened to and summarized as ‘the Exodus event’, which depicts God’s redemptive...

Feline Deities

Feline Deities  

The oldest and best known of the Egyptian feline deities is the cat goddess Bastet, who is attested since the Old Kingdom. Although Bubastis was obviously the town of her ...
Festival Calendars

Festival Calendars  

Egyptian temple walls or doorways were inscribed with a series of detailed accounts connected with the religious activity of the residing deity or deities. These texts are called “festival ...
Kamutef

Kamutef  

Literally, “bull of his mother,” is not exactly the name of a deity, but rather is a functional epithet associated with the name of a deity—usually Amun-Re, or less frequently ...
Hairstyles

Hairstyles  

In ancient Egypt, hairstyles changed through time, although deities and occasionally kings and queens were shown with archaic coiffures. Hair was worn at varying lengths and in various styles during ...
Atum-Re

Atum-Re  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Atum-Re is one of the many combinations of high gods in Egyptian mythology. For some Egyptians the mutual assimilation of Atum and the solar god Re (Ra) represented the setting sun.[...]
Solar deities

Solar deities  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
It is hardly surprising that from very ancient times humans have associated the sun—the source of heat and light— with a supreme deity, the master of the heavens, who drives ...
Deities

Deities  

This entry consists of two subentries:GoddessesGoddess MythsGoddessesGoddess MythsThe worship of goddesses has long been a global phenomenon documented in a myriad of societies, both past and ...
Heket

Heket  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Di]Egyptian frog goddess who was widely worshipped in Egypt, particularly at Antinopolis. Associated with water and the rapids in rivers, she often appears in connection with Khum. One of the ...
Bubastis

Bubastis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The local cat-goddess of Bubastis (mod. Tell Basta), also worshipped elsewhere in Egypt (see Herodotus 2. 60, 66–7). Analysis of Ptolemaic cat-mummies has shown that cats bred for dedication were ...
Kek and Keket

Kek and Keket  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Hermopolitan Egyptian pantheon known as the Ogdoad, made up of four couples representing primordial chaotic forces, Kek (Kuk) and Keket (Kauhet) were forces of darkness.
Apopis

Apopis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Apopis (Apophis, Apep) was the Egyptian serpent that attempted every night to overcome the barque of the sun god as it made its nightly passage through the Duat, the underworld ...
Audumla

Audumla  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
As the de facto mother of the gods in Norse mythology, the primal cow Audumla reminds us of the Egyptian cow mother-goddess Hathor. Created from the primal ice, Audumla suckled ...
Aton

Aton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Aton (Aten), represented by the solar disk, was the already existing aspect of the sun cult taken up by the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep IV, who renamed himself Akhenaton (Akhenaten) ...
Ogdoad

Ogdoad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Egyptian mythology, the pantheon of the center at Hermopolis was known as the Ogdoad (“The Eight”) and was made up of four couples representing primordial chaotic forces. Amun (Amon) ...

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