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Overview

Economic Life

Work has always characterized African American life in the Americas. From the first arrivals in the 1610s blacks came or were brought to the New World to labor. During the ...

economic life

economic life   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... life The period of time over which an asset (such as a facility, structure, or source of resources) will have economic value and be...

economic life

economic life   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... life . The expected time frame over which an asset will provide reward to its owner ( cf. depreciation...

Economic Life

Economic Life   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,346 words
Illustration(s):
1

...States went through economic depressions, African Americans were disproportionately affected because of their already low economic status and political vulnerability. The sociologist John Sibley Butler has noted that African American economic life must be looked at differently from that of other minorities because of the role that race and systemic discrimination played, shutting off avenues for economic development available to other minorities. Changes in the economic environment greatly influenced African American economic life in both positive and...

Economic Life

Economic Life   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,972 words

...the work of the slavocracy. If in the northern states civil freedom translated into job discrimination and economic marginality, in the South slavery brought ample work but no freedom whatsoever. There were vast changes in the economic status and lives of African Americans between 1830 and 1895 , most obviously in the abolition of southern slavery in 1865 . Despite these changes, there were also significant continuities in African American economic life over this eventful sixty-five-year period. Agriculture and personal service continued to be the principal...

Economic Life

Economic Life   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

... Life . According to Josephus and Philo , wherever the Essenes lived, they were organized in cooperative fellowships, which to some extent were closed economic units. [See Judea, article on Economy .] The literary testimonies (descriptions by sectarian and nonsectarian writers), the archaeological finds from Khirbet Qumran and the surrounding area, and the background of the ecological conditions at the Dead Sea coast allow us to draw a number of conclusions concerning the economic structure and way of life of the Essene sect. Khirbet Qumran was...

Economic Life

Economic Life   Reference library

Philipp Robinson Rössner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,939 words

...space and time, and that would reject the notion of eternally valid or time-space-indifferent economic principles and “truths” inherent to the neoclassical or neoliberal vision, then we find indeed that Martin Luther • did have a lot to say on economic matters, and • did have an excellent grasp on economics and economic theory of his day. But he advocated a socially fairer vision of economic life, characterized by principles of charity and the Good Christian Life. In Luther’s vision, “liberal” meant that people were free of the possibilities of...

useful economic life

useful economic life   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
39 words

...economic life ( useful life ) The period for which the present owner of an asset will derive economic benefits from its use. In standard accounting practice, a fixed asset is depreciated over its useful economic life...

useful economic life

useful economic life   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
60 words

...economic life ( useful life ) The period for which the present owner of an asset will derive economic benefits from its use. In standard accounting practice, a fixed asset is depreciated over its useful economic life; an intangible asset is also considered to have a finite useful life, and its value is amortized over this...

economic life

economic life  

The period of time over which an asset (such as a facility, structure, or source of resources) will have economic value and be usable.
Economic Life

Economic Life  

Work has always characterized African American life in the Americas. From the first arrivals in the 1610s blacks came or were brought to the New World to labor. During the ...
useful economic life

useful economic life  

The period for which the present owner of an asset will derive economic benefits from its use. Under Statement of Standard Accounting Practice 12, Accounting for Depreciation, an asset should be ...
Islam and the Challenge of Economic Development

Islam and the Challenge of Economic Development   Reference library

Ahmad Khurshid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,573 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and means to remove those obstacles and achieve various dimensions of economic development. A major contribution of Islam lies in making human life and effort purposive and value-oriented. The transformation it seeks to bring about in human attitudes and pari passu in that of the social sciences is to move them from a stance of pseudo-value-neutrality towards open and manifest value-commitment and value-fulfilment. As such the first premises which we want to emphasise is that economic development in an Islamic framework as also Islamic development...

The Psychological Role of Islam in Economic Development

The Psychological Role of Islam in Economic Development   Reference library

Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,229 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...for general organization allows us to set up all of our life, both spiritual and social aspects, on one foundation because Islam extends to both, whereas many of the social programs other than Islam are limited to the social and economic relations in the life of man and his ideals. If we take our general program for life from human sources instead of the Islamic system, we leave the organization of the spiritual side unsatisfied. There is no sound source for the organization of our spiritual life except Islam. There is no way but to establish both sides,...

Social Justice in Islam

Social Justice in Islam   Reference library

Sayyid Qutb

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,905 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...achievement. This breadth of vision in the Islamic view of life, together with the fact that it goes beyond merely economic values to those other values on which life depends—these things make the Islamic faith the more powerful to provide equity and justice in society, and to establish justice in the whole of the human sphere. It also frees Islam from the narrow interpretation of justice as understood by Communism. For justice to the Communist is an equality of wages, in order to prevent economic discrimination; but within recent days when theory has come...

The Concept of Islamic Socialism

The Concept of Islamic Socialism   Reference library

A. K. Brohi

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,409 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...provides a comprehensive code of life bearing upon questions related to the economic, political and social organisations of mankind; yet, on the other hand, we are called upon to say that there is an ideology called “Socialism” which is what we need provided we could somewhat modify it: thus it is said, not Islam simply, but Islamic Socialism will redeem us and will help us to organise our lives much more meaningfully than we are able to do so at present. If Islam is a universal religion, that is to say, a way of life which is valid for all time, for all...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a social and economic situation which sometimes required charity or statutory relief, but they were also terms of political analysis which conveyed specific values, attitudes, and explanations of how society in general was composed and governed. Questions of the origins of poverty, its inevitability, and whether and how it should be relieved were established in Christian belief, economic principle, and theories of *population . Between 1770 and 1830 , the experience and meanings of poverty came under pressure from *war [2] and rapid economic, social, and...

The Characteristics of Islamic Economics

The Characteristics of Islamic Economics   Reference library

Āyatullāh Mahmūd

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,392 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...either by law or by tradition. These obvious violations show that these two views are not views actually applicable to real life, but are rather the products of the fluctuations of industrial economics in the past century in Western countries. They must, after the period of fluctuation, be judged according to the absolute scale of truth and natural rights. Second, from the Islamic point of view, material attachments and economic relations are intertwined with modes of thought, innate characteristics, emotions and human instincts. . . . Islam posits the connection...

Islam vs. Marxism and Capitalism

Islam vs. Marxism and Capitalism   Reference library

Mustafā Mahmūd

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,177 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...capitalist economy and materialist socialist economy. These latter look at wealth as economic power and as a means for domination and conquest. Activity without a spiritual sense is dry and lifeless. We, however, say, “Seek, in what God gives you, this life and the next.” This makes our use of wealth in construction and development something similar to prayer or obligatory devotions by which we seek the next life in pleasing the Creator. . . . Were we to execute our economic plan with this religious, devotional spirit we would accomplish miracles in a few...

Industrialization

Industrialization   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,380 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...trend ‘towards earlier and more universal marriage’. Economic opportunity in a growing economy may provide the key to resolving the ‘conundrum’ of increasing marriage, higher birth rates, and the rapid acceleration of population growth from the late eighteenth century. But economic growth was by no means exclusively or even primarily industrial growth. Much of it was commercial expansion based in the capital, in the burgeoning ports, and in the prospering centres of consumption, leisure, and civic life in the provincial capitals and *spa towns . If the...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,809 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...has as good a claim as any to be called the first consumer society: a high percentage of the population was bourgeois, that is, lived in towns, and enjoyed sufficient economic surplus to be able to purchase large quantities and a wide range of luxuries, on top of necessities. Dutch culture found the very idea of a world of goods fascinating yet also morally perilous: the still-life paintings of the Golden Age made a great display of universal abundance, while encoding moral warnings against the seductiveness of things ( vanitas ) in a Providential order...

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