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EUREKA

Codename for the Allied Teheran conference held from 28 November to 1 December 1943 to co-ordinate future strategy between the western Allies and the USSR (see Grand Alliance). Present ...

Eureka

Eureka ([Science])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
84 words

... [Science] According to the famous story, the Greek mathematician and inventor *Archimedes is supposed to have leapt out of his bath and run naked through the streets shouting ‘Eureka! Eureka!’ (‘I have found it! I have found it!). He had just hit upon the principle of fluid displacement after seeing his bath water overflow. > Used when someone makes a discovery or breakthrough There was a Eureka! moment when we realized we had a partial skeleton of an undiscovered species. National Geographic ...

EUREKA

EUREKA   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... A European program of development in a wide range of technologies including information technology ( IT ). The projects are collaborative with at least two different companies from different countries participating in a project. Some funding is provided by the national funding agencies. It is not limited to European Union countries. http://www.eurekanetwork.org/ The EUREKA home...

Eureka

Eureka (Canada, USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Eureka , Canada, USA There are 10 towns with this name in the USA and one in Nunavut, Canada. They are generally named after the Greek exclamation Heureka ‘I have found it’ by Archimedes when he discovered by chance a way to determine the purity of a gold crown he had been asked to test: any body displaces its own volume of water when immersed. The port in California was named after the ‘Eureka’ placed on the state seal, a reminder of the gold discovered in the...

Eureka

Eureka   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Thus he found that the crown was deficient in gold. When the idea flashed across his mind, the philosopher jumped out of the bath exclaiming, ‘Heureka! heureka!’ and, without waiting to dress himself, ran home to try the experiment. ‘Eureka!’ is the motto of California, in allusion to the gold discovered there. Eureka Stockade, The A fortified stockade erected by the diggers in the Ballarat gold field, Australia, in 1854 after the arrest of three of their fellows. It was the climax to their protests against ill treatment by the police, lack of political...

Eureka (3)

Eureka (3)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... (3) , a Higgins boat...

Eureka (2)

Eureka (2)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
32 words
Illustration(s):
1

... (2) , a navigation beacon, used by the RAF, SOE , and Anglo-American airborne forces. An aircraft or small boat equipped with Eureka's answering device, called Rebecca, could find it precisely (see...

Eureka Stockade

Eureka Stockade   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,222 words

...in Eureka. The radical nationalists of that decade were scarcely more than a generation removed from their counterparts the Stockade diggers, as is indicated by Henry Lawson 's story ‘An Old Mate [i.e. a Eureka mate] of Your Father's’; by his words ‘It is thirty-six years this December’ in his poem ‘The Fight at Eureka Stockade’; by his ‘Eureka (A Fragment)’, which was inspired by Peter Lalor 's death in 1889 ; by Mary Gilmore 's childhood reminiscence ‘Here comes a Eureka man!’ and her poem ‘The Men of Eureka’; and by Victor Daley's ‘A Ballad of Eureka’....

Eureka Street

Eureka Street   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Literature
Length:
38 words

... Street ( 1996 ), a novel by Robert McLiam Wilson , set in the pre-ceasefire Belfast of the Troubles , it tells of the adventures of Chuckie Lurgan, entrepreneur of the war-zone. Acidly comic, it registers the human cost of...

eureka moment

eureka moment n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... moment n. A point in time when a scientific discovery is made or an insight occurs; more generally, a moment of inspiration, an exciting or significant experience, or an aha experience . [From Greek heureka I have found it, from heuriskein to...

Eureka Stockade

Eureka Stockade   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
995 words

...that had been made to recreate a ranked society modelled on the Old World. Ideologically the Eureka Stockade has become a focus of national identity and pride. At the centenary pilgrimage and pageant in 1954 , Eureka was called a shrine with significance for Australians equal to that of Gettysburg for US Americans. Radical interpreters in 1954 argued that Eureka was the high point of widespread Class struggle on the goldfields, and that the ‘heirs of Eureka’ backed up the stockaders' achievements by starting the Eight Hour Day movement, developing mass...

Eureka Stockade

Eureka Stockade   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,388 words

...heroic versions of Eureka, seeing it as one of the first important statements of Australian nationalism , and as perhaps the first great event in the emergence of the labour movement. An important strand of this interpretation has stressed the Irish presence at Eureka—a theme in C. H. Currey's 1954 The Irish at Eureka and in John Molony's 1984 narrative account, Eureka . Literary writing from the 1880s tended also to reproduce a nostalgic and heroic account of Eureka. A sceptical left tradition has looked pessimistically on Eureka and its...

Eureka Rebellion

Eureka Rebellion (1854)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
105 words

... Rebellion ( 1854 ) An armed conflict between diggers and authorities on the Ballarat gold fields of Australia. Gold had been found here in 1851 ; by 1853 over 20,000 diggers from around the world had crowded into Ballarat. Their grievances, which included the licence system and its administration, corruption among officials, lack of political representation, and limited access to land, culminated in an attack by soldiers and police on diggers who were in a stockade on the “Eureka lead”. Thirteen diggers faced charges of high treason; one case was...

Eureka Stockade

Eureka Stockade   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
816 words

... Stockade . The Eureka Stockade, an 1854 uprising of gold miners on the Ballarat goldfields against a heavy-handed government, was easily crushed, but its symbolism has guaranteed its place in Australian history. The discovery of gold in Australia in 1851 , soon after the Californian rush of 1849 , led to a rush of diggers, particularly to the new colony of Victoria, whose administration was rapidly overstretched. To raise revenue to police the goldfields and to maintain control over Crown land, the lieutenant governor, C. J. La Trobe , instituted a...

Eureka Stockade

Eureka Stockade   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...been won by the government forces, who proceeded to bayonet the wounded and to shoot or arrest bystanders. Five soldiers and 20–30 miners died in the clash. Though militarily insignificant, Eureka has gained a place in Australian folklore largely because it was one of the few instances of organised violence between Whites in Australia. The stockade itself and the Eureka flag have been seen by Australian nationalists and by sections of the labour movement as symbols of Australian independence and resistance to...

EUREKA (1)

EUREKA (1)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... (1) , codename for the Allied Teheran conference held from 28 November to 1 December 1943 to co-ordinate future strategy between the western Allies and the USSR ( see Grand Alliance ). Present were Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin, and their diplomatic and military advisers. It was the first time the three leaders had met together. Stalin confirmed that the USSR would join in the war against Japan once Germany had been defeated. He stressed the importance of mounting an invasion of France to relieve pressure on Soviet forces fighting in the German–Soviet...

Eureka: A Prose Poem

Eureka: A Prose Poem   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
259 words

...: A Prose Poem , metaphysical work by Poe , published in 1848 . Based on the author's reading in Newton, Laplace, and others, the work accepts intuition, as well as induction and deduction, among legitimate paths to knowledge. Unity and diffusion are truths, because they are felt to be so, and “irradiation, by which alone these two truths are reconciled, is a consequent truth—I perceive it.” The universe, composed of atoms radiated outward from a primary divine unity to an almost infinite variety, is conceived to be governed by the complementary laws of...

Eureka: A Prose Poem

Eureka: A Prose Poem   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
259 words

...Eureka: A Prose Poem , metaphysical work by Poe , published in 1848 . Based on the author’s reading in Newton, Laplace, and others, the work accepts intuition, as well as induction and deduction, among legitimate paths to knowledge. Unity and diffusion are truths, because they are felt to be so, and “irradiation, by which alone these two truths are reconciled, is a consequent truth—I perceive it.” The universe, composed of atoms radiated outward from a primary divine unity to an almost infinite variety, is conceived to be governed by the complementary laws of...

EUREKA

EUREKA   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
5 words

... European Research Coordination...

eureka

eureka   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a cry of joy or satisfaction when one finds or discovers something. Recorded from the early 17th century, and said to have been uttered by Archimedes when he hit upon a method of determining the purity of gold (Greek heurēka ‘I have found it’). Eureka was the name given to a lode in the Ballarat goldfield. Eureka flag a blue flag bearing a white cross with a star at the end of each arm, first raised at the Eureka stockade ; it is also known as the Southern Cross . Eureka stockade scene of a clash between gold-miners and the police and military at...

eureka

eureka interjection & noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
98 words

... interjection & noun (also Eureka ) E17 Greek ( heurēka , 1st person singular perfect of heuriskein to find). A interjection E17 Expressive of exultation at a sudden discovery. B noun 1 M17 A cry of eureka! 2 M19 A fortunate discovery. 3 E20 ( Eureka ) (Proprietary name for) an alloy of copper and nickel used for electrical filament and resistance wire. The exclamation supposedly uttered by the Sicilian Greek philosopher Archimedes ( c. 287– c. 212 bc ) when he hit upon a method of determining the purity of gold, an inspiration which,...

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