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Dutch book

A money pump in which a person holds intransitive or cyclic preferences, for example, preferring x to y, y to z, and z to x. Such a person is therefore willing to pay to have any of them ...

Dutch book

Dutch book   Reference library

Jack Macintosh

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
84 words

... book . A Dutch book has been made against you if you accept odds and make bets in such a way that you lose regardless of the outcome. For example, suppose you bet $4 at 5–2 that the Canadiens will win the Stanley Cup, and $4 at 5–2 that the Nordiques will win. Hedging, you then bet $7 at even odds that neither will win. Whoever wins, you lose: Dutch book! Prof. Jack Macintosh B. Skyrms , Choice and Chance , 3rd edn. (Belmont, Calif.,...

Dutch book

Dutch book   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
196 words

... book A set of beliefs held with various degrees of confidence is open to a Dutch book if, were a subject forced to bet in accordance with these degrees of confidence, he could be made to lose whatever happens. For example, if I am confident that p but also confident that not- p , then in acting out that confidence I should accept a small stake from you in return for a large payout if not- p , thereby acting out my confidence that p , and similarly accept a small stake in return for a large payout if p , acting out my confidence that not- p . I then lose...

Dutch book

Dutch book n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... book n. A money pump in which a person holds intransitive or cyclic preferences , for example, preferring x to y, y to z , and z to x . Such a person is therefore willing to pay to have any of them exchanged for one that is preferred to it, and is then willing to pay to have that one exchanged for another, and so on indefinitely. The property that differentiates a Dutch book from any other money pump is that the price for each exchange is lowered until the person is willing to pay for it, although the term is often used as a synonym for a money...

Dutch book

Dutch book  

A money pump in which a person holds intransitive or cyclic preferences, for example, preferring x to y, y to z, and z to x. Such a person is therefore willing to pay to have any of them exchanged ...
23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries   Reference library

Paul Hoftijzer

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,047 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...became much more uniform. The first Dutch *book club had been founded in 1937 , but the great success of this means of distribution came in the 1960s and 1970s , when two more book clubs were created. Together they achieved a temporary market share of no less than 20 per cent. A characteristic feature of the Dutch book trade was the fixing of book prices, a collective agreement among publishers and retailers enforcing uniform pricing, with the intention of guaranteeing a varied supply of books ( cf . net book agreement ). One undesired effect,...

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

Andrew Vlies

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,292 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...by V. A. Schoonberg in 1799 , to be the first ‘book’ printed at the Cape. A private firm, Walker & Robertson, enjoyed a brief monopoly on printing after August 1800 ; they issued South Africa’s first serial, the Cape Town Gazette and African Advertiser (forerunner of the Government Gazette ), in August 1801 . The government took over the press the following October. Early South African book collections include over 4,000 volumes bequeathed to the Dutch Reformed Church by Joachim von Dessin , a Dutch East India Company soldier at the Cape between ...

42 The History of the Book in Japan

42 The History of the Book in Japan   Reference library

P. F. Kornicki

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
8,152 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...the help of Maeno Ryōtaku ( 1723–1803 ) and others to produce a translation. This was completed in 1774 and published under the title Kaitai shinsho (New Book of Anatomy). This book, of which a copy was tactfully presented to the shogun, legitimized Dutch studies and stimulated interest in Dutch books. (It should be remembered, however, that many of these Dutch books were, like the Kulmus, in fact Dutch translations of books published first in other languages.) Thereafter, the Dutchmen were requested to bring more medical and scientific books, and in the 19...

15 Children’s Books

15 Children’s Books   Reference library

Andrea Immel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,066 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Andrea Immel 1 Introduction 2 Origins and development 3 Children’s texts as printed books 4 The MS book 5 Defining the children’s book 1 Introduction The children’s book—a work conceived, produced, and marketed for the consumption of a young audience—appeared relatively late in the history of the western European printed book. Although its development is thought to be symptomatic of the so-called discovery of childhood, the emergence of the children’s book after the invention of printing in the late 15 th century cannot be understood without reference to...

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

Edwin Paul Wieringa

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,585 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...printed book in the archipelago was an edition of the Qur’ān published in Palembang in 1848 . A Malay version of a devotional text in praise of the Prophet Muḥammad was printed in Surabaya in 1853 . The third lithographic press in the archipelago was established in the 1850s at the Buginese-Malay court on the island of Penyengat in Riau. By the 1860s , Singapore emerged as the region’s Muslim printing centre. Its printing industry was run by a few men from the north coast of Java. In Singapore they were not subjected to the highly restrictive Dutch press...

31 The History of the Book in Hungary

31 The History of the Book in Hungary   Reference library

Bridget Guzner

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,982 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...books. Most 17 th -century Transylvanian Protestant printers, however, learned their art in workshops in The Netherlands. Ábrahám Szenczi Kertész became acquainted with Dutch book production while studying in Leiden. He founded his printing office in Nagyvárad (Oradea) in 1640 and printed more than 100 books, mostly in Hungarian. János Brewer brought his finely cut Dutch types back from Holland to his press at Lőcse (Levoča) to produce, with his brother Samuel, exquisite editions of *Comenius ' work, as well as the famous *calendars of Lőcse. Nicholas *Kis ...

6 The European Printing Revolution

6 The European Printing Revolution   Reference library

Cristina Dondi

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,151 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

... the *printer’s copy to determine which parts of it would come where on the respective sheets. During the 15 th century, three types of MS were prevalent: the academic book, generally written in two columns on *folio pages, for theological and legal works, and normally confined to library use; the humanistic and student’s book, of medium ( *quarto ) to small *format ; and the popular book, whether lay or religious, generally quarto or smaller (in Italy, even pocket-size). Each had its natural continuation in printed form. Data from the *incunabula ...

5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

Christopher de Hamel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...was almost no book illumination before 1400 . Utrecht, like Bruges, became important from about the 1430s , with painters such as the Masters of Zweder van Culemborg and the supreme, but not prolific, Master of Catherine of Cleves, illuminator of the eponymous book of hours (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, M. 917 and M. 945). Later in the century, distinctive styles of Dutch illumination and coloured penwork point to notable production in Delft, Haarlem, and almost certainly Zwolle, in the eastern Netherlands. At its boundaries, the Dutch style merges...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

Vincent Giroud

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,215 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...stature. Against this backdrop, the French 18 th century rivals the 16 th for its accomplishments in the arts of the book. Their prestige was such that Louis XV , as a child, was initiated into printing, while the regent and the marquise de Pompadour published their efforts as amateur book illustrators. Some of the great painters of the age—Oudry, Boucher, Fragonard—contributed to the genre, along with the more specialized book illustrators *Cochin , Charles Eisen (his most celebrated work was the 1762 ‘Fermiers Généraux’ edition of La Fontaine’s...

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries   Reference library

Charlotte Appel and Karen Skovgaard-Petersen

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,240 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...former Danish subjects. Book production and the book trade became increasingly differentiated during the 17 th century. Bookbinders formed special guilds, obtaining in Sweden a monopoly for the selling of bound books. Some of Stockholm’s printing houses—Ignatius Meurer, Henrik Keyser, Georg Gottlieb Burchardi—developed into important publishing firms with strong international relations. In Copenhagen, major booksellers, such as Joachim Moltke and Daniel Paulli , became the most important publishers. At international *book fair s, they exchanged...

24 The History of the Book in Germany

24 The History of the Book in Germany   Reference library

John L. Flood

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...claimed he would refuse to read a German book that was not printed in gothic type, for ‘a German word in Latin letters is as alien as a Greek word in German letters’—and the Reichstag was petitioned on the matter, though in 1911 it decided not to proceed. But the continuing preference for gothic typefaces deterred foreign readers—even conservative Sweden had increasingly adopted roman, largely under the influence of Carolus Linnaeus ( 1707–78 ), who induced the government to abolish customs duty on Dutch roman type. For scholars and scientists hoping...

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World   Reference library

Geoffrey Roper

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
13,249 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...History of the Book in the Muslim World Geoffrey Roper 1 The origins of the Arabic book 2 The Qur’ān: the book seen as divine revelation and redemption 3 Arabic scribal culture and its legacy 4 Physical aspects of the Muslim MS book 5 The Muslim MS book beyond the Arab world 6 The longevity of the Muslim MS tradition 7 The origins of printing in the Arabic script 8 Arabic-script book printing in the Muslim world 9 Printing the Qur’ān 10 Muslim book culture in the 20 th and 21 st centuries 1 The origins of the Arabic book Arabic is a Semitic...

33 The History of the Book in Poland

33 The History of the Book in Poland   Reference library

Janet Zmroczek

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,147 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...History of the Book in Poland Janet Zmroczek 1 The foundations and development of book culture 2 Printing to 1600 3 Relations between Polish and European cultures 4 The 17 th and 18 th centuries 5 Book culture in partitioned Poland 6 Nineteenth-century Polish publishing abroad 7 The 20 th century 1 The foundations and development of book culture When the Polish King Mieszko I was baptized in 966 , his acceptance of Catholicism set the course of Polish cultural history and the development of the Polish book. Evidence suggests that MS books had...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

Abhijit Gupta

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,070 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...high output: 65 titles from 1712 to 1720 , 52 more in the next decade, and a total of 338 titles for the 18 th century. The mission also received requests from the Dutch in Ceylon to print in Tamil and Sinhalese. A press at Colombo was reportedly set up by Peter Mickelsen, one of the casters of Tranquebar’s types. The first book printed in Ceylon was an *octavo Singhalese prayer book produced in 1737–8 for the East India Company. And what of the Jesuits? In 1717 , the controversial and colourful C. G. Beschi arrived in Elakkuricci near...

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus   Reference library

Christine Thomas

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,074 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...the first illustration in a Moscow-printed book. His Kanonnik of 1641 was the first Muscovite book to have a title-page. Under Tsar Alexei (r. 1645–76 ), the Printing House’s repertoire became more varied. Alexei, with aspirations to modernize Russia and to create an orderly and efficient realm, not only attempted to standardize church ritual and liturgical texts but instigated, in a limited way, secular printing. He commissioned codes of civil ( 1649 ) and canon law (completed in 1653 ), and a book on infantry warfare ( 1647 ), translated from the...

17 Bookbinding

17 Bookbinding   Reference library

David Pearson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,353 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...was *stabbing and stab-stitching, running a thread through the whole text block near the spine edge. 4 Post-mechanization structures Bookbinding practices, like all other aspects of the book-production and distribution industries, underwent major changes during the 19 th century. Towards the end of the 18 th century, rising leather costs, combined with ever-growing book production, led to greater experimentation with cloth and paper as alternative materials. During the 1820s and 1830s , books were increasingly issued with cloth-covered boards, secured...

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