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Domitian

Younger son of Vespasian, b. ad 51, remained in Rome during his father's campaign against Vitellius. Surrounded on the Capitol with his uncle, he managed to escape and on Vitellius' death ...

Domitian

Domitian ([Na])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
6 words

... [Na] Roman emperor ad 81–96...

Domitian

Domitian (ad 51–96)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
46 words

... ( ad 51–96 ) Roman Emperor ( 81–96 ). A son of Vespasian , he succeeded his brother Titus . His rule was at first orderly but became increasingly tyrannical and paranoid. After several failed attempts, he was assassinated. Domitian was partly responsible for building the Colosseum...

Domitian

Domitian (51–96ce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,178 words

... 18 December 69 , Domitian, only eighteen years old, along with his uncle the prefect of the city and his cousin, both named Titus Flavius Sabinus, came into conflict with Vitellius and his troops. As a result the Flavians took refuge on the Capitoline Hill; Domitian's uncle was killed in the ensuing siege, but Domitian escaped, possibly disguised as a worshiper of Isis. Two days later Vitellius was dead, Vespasian—still absent from the city—had been proclaimed emperor, and Domitian took a public role as his father's representative. Domitian's ambitious...

Domitian

Domitian   Reference library

John Brian Campbell

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
964 words

...80 ; see consul ). Although Domitian exercised no formal power, he was clearly part of the dynastic plan, and there is no convincing evidence that he was kept in the background or consumed by jealousy of his brother, whom he succeeded smoothly in 81 . The literary sources, especially Tacitus and Pliny the Younger , represent a senatorial tradition hostile to Domitian. But this is a legitimate and important viewpoint, illustrating the tension between aristocratic officials and autocrat. Suetonius ’ account, though basically hostile, is more balanced and...

Domitian

Domitian (81–96)   Reference library

Jeremy Paterson

The Oxford Companion to Wine (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... , Roman emperor ( 81–96 ce ) who, in the words of the eulogy by the contemporary poet Statius ( Silvae 4. 3. 11–12), restored ‘to chaste Ceres the acres which had so long been denied her and lands made sober’. By a famous edict, possibly from 92 ce , Domitian banned the planting of new vineyards in Italy and ordered the destruction of at least half of the vineyards in the provinces (Suetonius, Domitian 7). He may also have sought to ban the planting within cities of small vineyards, of the sort which have been found at pompeii . His purpose...

Domitian

Domitian   Quick reference

John Brian Campbell

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
939 words

...and 80 ). Although Domitian exercised no formal power, he was clearly part of the dynastic plan, and there is no convincing evidence that he was kept in the background or consumed by jealousy of his brother, whom he succeeded smoothly in 81 . The literary sources, especially Tacitus and Pliny the Younger , represent a senatorial tradition hostile to Domitian. But this is a legitimate and important viewpoint, illustrating the tension between aristocratic officials and autocrat. Suetonius ' account, though basically hostile, is more balanced and suggests...

Domitian

Domitian   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
828 words

...pay by a third, and bestowed by edict additional privileges on veterans and their families; he remained popular with the army and praetorians . Domitian administered legal affairs diligently and tried to suppress corruption. Although authoritarian in his attitude to the provinces, Domitian tried to impress probity and fairness on his appointees; Pliny the Younger's letters to Trajan show that Domitian's administrative decisions were generally endorsed. The role and influence of equestrians in the administration increased in his reign, but as part of...

Domitian

Domitian   Reference library

John Brian Campbell

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,081 words

...( 73 and 80 ). Although Domitian exercised no formal power, he was clearly part of the dynastic plan, and there is no convincing evidence that he was kept in the background or consumed by jealousy of his brother, whom he succeeded smoothly in 81 . The literary sources, especially Tacitus (1) and Pliny (2) the Younger , represent a senatorial tradition hostile to Domitian. But this is a legitimate and important viewpoint, illustrating the tension between aristocratic officials and autocrat. Suetonius' account, though basically hostile, is more balanced...

Domitian

Domitian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
69 words

... Emperor from 81 to 96 ce (when he was assassinated). Under him the Romans made substantial military advances in Britain. He pressed his claim to divine honours in order to cement the unity under him of the empire, and therefore Christians' refusal to participate was regarded as sedition and rendered them liable to prosecution. This was possibly the occasion of the persecution referred to in Rev. 1:...

Domitian

Domitian (24 Oct ad 51)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
448 words

...of Imperial Victory on a Cuirassed Statue of Domitian , Rec. A. Mus., Princeton U. , xlv/1 (1986), pp. 2–15 K. S. Freyberger : Stadtrömische Kapitelle aus der Zeit von Domitian bis Alexander Severus: Zur Arbeitsweise und Organisation stadtrömischer Werkstätten der Kaiserzeit (Mainz, 1990) B. W. Jones : The Emperor Domitian (London, 1992) E. La Rocca : Das Forum Transitorium: Neues zu Bauplanung und Realisierung , Ant. Welt , xxix/1 (1998), pp. 1–12 T. V. Buttrey : The Goddess Maia on Denarii of Domitian , J. Roman Archaeol. , xv (2002), pp....

Domi'tian

Domi'tian (ad 51–96)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
301 words

...and his recall to Rome in 84 may reflect military need rather than Domitian's jealousy (as Tacitus implies in Agricola ). At home Domitian promoted moral rectitude, to the extent of executing three Vestal Virgins for breaking their vows of chastity, and burying alive the chief Vestal. He was also diligent in the administration of the law, and tried to suppress corruption; he seems to have been an efficient financial administrator. Many public buildings were executed or restored: Domitian was the last to rebuild the Capitol, and he added the complex...

Domitian, Titus Flavius

Domitian, Titus Flavius (51–96)   Reference library

David Gwynn

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
200 words

..., Titus Flavius ( ad 51–96 ) Roman emp. from 81. The younger son of Vespasian, he succeeded his brother Titus. Regarded as a tyrant by Roman contemporaries like Tacitus and Pliny the Younger, Domitian was assassinated in 96, although modern scholarship has highlighted his efficient if ruthless administration. Later Christian tradition ( Eusebius , HE 3.13ff.) depicted him as a persecutor, a view influenced by Domitian’s negative reputation but partly confirmed by I Clement 7. It was during Domitian’s reign that the apostle John , in exile on ...

Domitian, Titus Flavius

Domitian, Titus Flavius (51–96)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
55 words

..., Titus Flavius ( 51–96 ), Roman Emperor from 81. Roman historians ranked him as a tyrant; Christian tradition held him to have been a persecutor. Under his successor, being a Christian was already a capital offence, but this may have been the case continuously since the reign of Nero . See Persecutions, Early Christian...

Domitian

Domitian n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Domitian n dǝ'mɪsɪǝn sp Domitian 1 ...

Domitian

Domitian   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
504 words

... • ashen , fashion, passion, ration • abstraction , action, attraction, benefaction, compaction, contraction, counteraction, diffraction, enaction, exaction, extraction, faction, fraction, interaction, liquefaction, malefaction, petrifaction, proaction, protraction, putrefaction, redaction, retroaction, satisfaction, stupefaction, subtraction, traction, transaction, tumefaction, vitrifaction • expansion , mansion, scansion, stanchion • sanction • caption , contraption • harshen , Martian • cession , discretion, freshen, session • abjection...

Domitian

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Domitian

Domitian   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
19 words
Domitian

Domitian   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
Domitian

Domitian   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
40 words
Domitian

Domitian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Younger son of Vespasian, b. ad 51, remained in Rome during his father's campaign against Vitellius. Surrounded on the Capitol with his uncle, he managed to escape and on Vitellius' death was ...

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