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Dionysius

Of Heraclea (3) on the Pontus (c. 328–248 bc), pupil of Zeno (2) and others, including Heraclides (1) of Pontus. As a Stoic (see Stoicism) he wrote philosophical works, and ...

Dionysius

Dionysius   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
46 words

... A member of the court of * Areopagus at * Athens converted by Paul (Acts 17: 34). In the Middle Ages Neoplatonic writings of the 3rd to 4th cents. ce were mistakenly attributed to Dionysius and exercised great influence; these writings are now referred to as Pseudo‐Dionysius...

Dionysius

Dionysius (2) (c.170)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
26 words

... (2) ( c. 170 ), Bp. of Corinth . Several of his letters are described by Eusebius . Feast day in the E., 8...

Dionysius

Dionysius (11)(of *Samos)   Reference library

Jeffrey Stuart Rusten

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
30 words

... (11) , of Samos , Hellenistic ‘cyclographer’, published a Kuklos historikos in seven books, a mythographical romance or, perhaps more probably, a mythological handbook. FGrH 15. Jeffrey Stuart...

Dionysius

Dionysius (13)(of Sinope)   Reference library

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
34 words

... (13) , of Sinope , Middle (?) Comedy poet ( see comedy (Greek), Middle ). The learned cook provides humour in one piece (fr. 2). R. Kassel and C. Austin , PCG 5 (1986), 32...

Dionysius

Dionysius (14)(of *Thebes (1), poet, teacher of *Epaminondas)   Reference library

Eveline Krummen

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
52 words

... (14) , of Thebes ( 1 ) , poet, teacher of Epaminondas (Nep. Epam. 2), regarded by Aristoxenus (fr. 76 Wehrli, in ps.-Plut. De mus. 31 ) as a practitioner of the old style of music and listed together with Pindar , Lamprus, and Pratinas . Eveline...

Dionysius

Dionysius   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
195 words

...and dissolved his empire. Dionysius was confined to the citadel (Ortygia), which, after the death of Philistus ( 356 ), he entrusted to his son, and withdrew to Locri Epizephyrii. In 346 he recovered Syracuse. The Locrians then revolted and massacred his family. Dionysius soon retired into private life in Corinth. He was neither an ineffectual ruler nor a despot; but the abandonment of his father's crusade against Carthage deprived the regime of its purpose and glamour, and it was weakened internally by division and by Dionysius' ill‐advised attempt to...

Dionysius

Dionysius   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
129 words

... the pseudo-Areopagite ( c. 500 ). The name given to the author of a corpus of theological writings; until the end of the 19th cent., their authorship was generally ascribed to the Dionysius whom Paul had converted (Acts 17. 34). Four of his works ( The Celestial Hierarchy , The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy , The Divine Names , and The Mystical Theology ) and ten letters are extant. The central characteristic of these works is the synthesis of Christian and Neoplatonic thought. The leading theme is that of the intimate union ( henōsis ) of God and the...

Dionysius

Dionysius   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
176 words

... 3, of Halicarnassus , Greek critic and historian , lived and taught rhetoric at Rome, arriving ‘when Augustus put an end to the civil war’, and publishing the first part of his Roman Antiquities 22 years later. The 20 books of this great work go down to the outbreak of the First Punic War ; we have the first eleven (to 441 bc ), with excerpts from the others. Dionysius used the legends of Rome's origins to demonstrate that it was really a Greek city, and his whole history is a learned panegyric of Roman virtues. It is also very...

Dionysius

Dionysius (16) (? 2nd cent. ad)   Reference library

Jeffrey Stuart Rusten

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
56 words

... (16) ( ? 2nd cent. ad ) , a Greek, son of Calliphron, author of Description of Hellas (for schoolboys?); 150 feeble iambics survive: preface ( acrostics ); Ambracia – Peloponnese ; [gap]; Cretan cities ; Cyclades and Sporades islands. D. Marcotte , Le Poème géographique de Dionysios, fils de Calliphon (1990). Jeffrey Stuart...

Dionysius

Dionysius (8)   Reference library

Julia Annas

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
109 words

... (8) of Heraclea ( 3 ) on the Pontus ( c. 328–248 bc ), pupil of Zeno ( 2 ) and others, including Heraclides ( 1 ) of Pontus. As a Stoic ( see Stoicism ) he wrote philosophical works, and also poetry. An attack of illness in old age led him to abandon the Stoic position that pain, because not morally bad, is not an evil. Subsequently he went over to the Cyrenaic position that pleasure is our final end; hence his nickname ‘the Renegade’. At the age of 80 he committed suicide. Testimonia in Von Arnim , SVF 1. 93–6. Julia...

Dionysius

Dionysius (15)   Reference library

Peter Barr Reid Forbes, Robert Browning, and Nigel Guy Wilson

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
403 words

... (15) surnamed Thrax, ‘the Thracian’ ( c. 170– c. 90 bc ), son of Teres, of Alexandria ( 1 ) , was a pupil of Aristarchus ( 2 ) and later a teacher of grammar and literature at Rhodes , where his pupils provided him with the silver for a model to illustrate his lectures on Nestor 's cup (Athen. 489, 492, 501). His only surviving work is the Τέχνη γραμματική, an epitome of pure grammar as developed by the Stoics and Alexandrians ( see grammar, grammarians, Greek ). The work is essentially Alexandrian, but there are traces of Stoic influence. It...

Dionysius

Dionysius   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
606 words

... 1 I , b. c. 430 bc , son of a well‐to‐do Syracusan ; secretary to the generals ( 406 ), he distinguished himself in the Acragas campaign against Carthage. By unscrupulous demagogy he secured the dismissal of the generals and his own election as general plenipotentiary, obtained a bodyguard, occupied and fortified the citadel (Ortygia), and assumed control of the state. With a large allied army, he failed to raise the Carthaginian siege of Gela ( 405 ), but crushed a revolt of the aristocracy, and concluded the Peace of Himilco, which cost...

Dionysius (10)

Dionysius (10) (of Philadelphia)   Reference library

Jeffrey Stuart Rusten

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
34 words

... (10) , of Philadelphia , reputed author of an extant poem , Ὀρνιθιακά (a history of birds), which may, however, be by Dionysius (9) ‘Periegetes’ . A. Garzya , Byzantion 1957, 195 ff. Jeffrey Stuart...

Dionysius Exiguus

Dionysius Exiguus   Reference library

Barry Baldwin

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
215 words

... Exiguus , Christian scholar; fl.ca. 500 –ca. 550 . Dionysius was a monk (abbot in some sources) from Scythia who spent most of his life in Rome. Cassiodorus reports that Dionysius assumed the Latin epithet Exiguus (“the Little”) out of humility. His obsessive interest in the chronology of Easter produced his most famous achievement, the first reckoning of historical events from the birth of Christ rather than from Diocletian ( 284 ), using 753/4 a.u.c. ( ab urbe condita , “from the foundation of Rome”) as the year of the Incarnation. He also...

Dionysius Exiguus

Dionysius Exiguus (c.470)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
116 words

... Exiguus ( ‘the Little’ ) ( c .470 –before 544 ) Born in Scythia, he spent most of his adult life as an abbot in *Rome . Dionysius translated several important Greek works into Latin, but his greatest contributions were in chronology and western canon *law . While calculating the correct date for *Easter , he formulated a chronology based on the Incarnation (that is, 1 anno Domini ), which he fixed 754 years after the foundation of Rome. Use of Dionysius ’ ‘Era of the Incarnation’ or ‘Dionysian Era’ spread slowly throughout Europe and was...

Dionysius Exiguus

Dionysius Exiguus (c.470–544)   Reference library

William Adler

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Exiguus ( c .470–544 ) Christian monk, scholar, and inventor of the Christian (or Dionysian) era . If Dionysius chose the surname ‘exiguus’ (Lat. ‘little’) for himself, it was probably more from monastic self-deprecation than an allusion to diminutive stature. A native of Scythia Minor, Dionysius migrated to Rome c . ad 500. He was soon recognized there for his fluent Latin translations of Greek patristic writings, and his knowledge of the Bible, astronomy , and mathematics . His collections of synodal decrees and papal decretals laid...

Dionysius (2)

Dionysius (2) (170)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
156 words

... (2) ( c . 170 ) Bp of Corinth . He wrote several letters briefly described by Eusebius ( HE 4.23), in one of which he thanks the Roman Church for assisting Corinth and mentions that Clement ’s letter was habitually read in their church. Feast day in the E., 8 Apr. Four frags of Dionysius’ Ep. to Rome are preserved in Eusebius ( HE 4.23.10–12, and 2.25.8), who also records that Dionysius wrote an Ep. to the Nicomedians directed against Marcion (4.23.4). Frags collected in M. J. Routh , Reliquiae Sacrae, 1 (2nd edn, 1846), 175–201. W. Bauer...

Lardner, Dionysius

Lardner, Dionysius (1793–1859)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Literature
Length:
45 words

...Dionysius ( 1793–1859 ) , a science writer, he was the natural father of Dion Boucicault . Born in Dublin and educated at TCD, he lectured in science at London University from 1827 . He edited the Cabinet Encyclopaedia ( 1829–49 ) and the Edinburgh Cabinet Library ( 1830–2...

Thrax, Dionysius

Thrax, Dionysius (c. 170–c. 90bce)   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
63 words

...Dionysius ( c. 170–c. 90 bce ). Scholar trained in Alexandria, later settled in Rhodes. He authored a famous grammar of Greek, the Technē grammatikē . It is not clear whether the text that we have is a much later compilation or contains parts at least of what he originally wrote. See also History of Linguistics , article on Ancient Greece and Rome . Anna Morpurgo...

Dionȳ'sius

Dionȳ'sius   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
607 words

... 1. Dionysius I and II Tyrants of Syracuse . 2. Dionysius Thrax (‘Dionysius the Thracian’, of Alexandria, c. 170– c. 90 bc ) A pupil of Aristarchus and later a teacher of grammar and literature at Rhodes. His only surviving work is Technē grammatikē a Greek grammar (it does not cover syntax), which remained a standard work for many centuries. The form in which Latin grammar was set out was derived from this Greek model, and through Latin most modern grammars of the European languages are indebted to it. Its influence spread beyond Europe...

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