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Didymus

(RE 11), ‘the musician’, author of significant writings on harmonics. (See music § 5.) His novel techniques on the monochord and his original, rather straightforward tetrachordal ...

Didymus

Didymus   Reference library

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
7 words

... 1881: 44; Hants. English: see Diddams...

Didymus

Didymus   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10 words

... . An alternative name for the Apostle St Thomas...

Didymus

Didymus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
26 words

... (the Gk form of the Heb. ‘Thomas’, i.e. ‘twin’) An alternative name in Jn 11: 16, 20: 24, 21: 2 for the Apostle Thomas...

Didymus

Didymus   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... This Greek word for a twin, itself from the prefix di -, ‘two’, repeated twice, was applied to St thomas , as the name Thomas in Aramaic means...

Didymus

Didymus   Reference library

Graham Barrett

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... and Verinianus Brothers, probably cousins of the Emperor Honorius , who led resistance to the usurper Constantine III and his son Constans in Spain , with an army including peasants and slaves. After success in Lusitania , they were captured by Constans, taken to Constantine in Gaul , and executed in 409. Accounts of their activities are given by Olympiodorus (16); Orosius (VII, 40, 5); Sozomen , IX, 11, 4; IX, 12, 1); and Zosimus (V, 42, 3–43, 2; VI, 1, 1; VI, 4, 3–4; VI, 5, 1–2). Graham Barrett PLRE II, Didymus 1 and...

Didymus

Didymus (1) (1st cent. bc)   Reference library

John Francis Lockwood, Robert Browning, and Nigel Guy Wilson

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
448 words

...on the death of Aeneas , the birthplace of Homer, etc., and a polemic against Cicero , De republica , which was answered by Suetonius ; but this last may be by his namesake Claudius Didymus (2) . M. Schmidt , Didymi Chalcenteri grammatici Alexandrini fragmenta (1854); A. Ludwich , Aristarchs homerische Textkritik (1884–5); H. Diels and W. Schubart , Didymus' Kommentar zu Demosthenes (1904); R. Pfeiffer , History of Classical Scholarship: From the Beginnings to the End of the Hellenistic Age (1968), 274–9; S. West , CQ 1970, 288–296; P....

Didymus

Didymus   Quick reference

John Francis Lockwood, Robert Browning, and Nigel Guy Wilson

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
342 words

... (1st cent. bc ) belonged to the school founded at Alexandria by Aristarchus (2) and himself taught there. A scholar of immense learning and industry (cf. his nicknames Chalkenteros (‘Brazen-bowels’) and Bibliolathas (‘Book-forgetting’), the latter because of occasional self-contradictions due to his having forgotten what he had said in earlier books), he is said to have written 3,500 or 4,000 works. His importance for literary history consists primarily in his compilation of the critical and exegetical work of earlier scholars. He was not an...

Arius Didymus

Arius Didymus   Reference library

Brad Inwood

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
112 words

...Didymus (1st cent.bc), of Alexandria (1), philosopher and adviser to Augustus ; procurator of Sicily. He wrote a now lost consolation for the death of Nero Claudius Drusus , addressed to Livia Drusilla . His doxographical work ( see doxographers ) is represented by two long fragments on Stoic and Peripatetic ethics, preserved by Stobaeus ( Ecl. 7, vol. 2, pp. 37–152 Wachsmuth); fragments on physics were edited by H. Diels ( Dox. Graec. 445–72 ). W. W. Fortenbaugh (ed.), On Stoic and Peripatetic Ethics: The Work of Arius Didymus (1983); D....

Didymus (3)

Didymus (3)   Reference library

Andrew D. Barker

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
152 words

... (3) ( RE 11), ‘the musician’ , author of significant writings on harmonics. ( See music § 5.) His novel techniques on the monochord and his original, rather straightforward tetrachordal divisions are closely criticized by Ptolemy ( Harm. 2. 13–14). Porphyry quotes extensive passages ( On Ptolemy's Harmonics 26. 6–29, 27. 17–28. 26) on distinctions between schools of harmonic theory, developed elaborately from the female musicologist Ptolemaϊs , and cites Didymus as authority for a report known to Ptolemy ( Harm. 1. 6), originating with ...

Arius Didymus

Arius Didymus (1st)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
51 words

...Didymus ( 1st c. bc ) Known mainly as a source for Stoic and Aristotelian ethics in the Hellenistic period, and also for earlier physics. He was the teacher of the Roman emperor Augustus, and wrote a consolation to Livia, his wife, on the death of Drusus, their...

Di'dymus

Di'dymus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
177 words

... (of Alexandria, first century bc ) A notable Greek scholar, nicknamed Chalcenteros (‘Brazen-guts’) on account of his enormous industry (he was said to have written 4,000 books). None of his works has survived entire, though some fragments have turned up on papyrus, yet the results of his labours can be seen in the learned notes ( scholia ) on ancient texts which are found in some manuscripts, in the lexica and etymologies compiled by scholars in later centuries, and in the collections of out-of-the-way learning represented by works such as the ...

Didymus the Blind

Didymus the Blind (c.313–398)   Reference library

George Demacopoulos

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... the Blind ( c .313–398 ) Theologian , biblical writer , and teacher from Alexandria . Though blind at an early age, Didymus was renowned for his erudition and served as the director of the famous catechetical school in Alexandria. Both Jerome and Rufinus attest to Didymus’ presence at the school and list him as their teacher. Rufinus claims that Didymus was appointed to his position by Athanasius . Didymus followed Athanasius in his Trinitarian theology, arguing for the consubstantiality of the Father and Son in his On the Trinity . Another...

Didymus (2), Claudius

Didymus (2), Claudius   Reference library

Peter Barr Reid Forbes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
49 words

... (2), Claudius , the Younger (1st cent. ad ), an Atticist lexicographer , wrote on the incorrect diction of Thucydides (2) (Περὶ τῶν ἡμαρτημένων παρὰ τὴν ἀναλογίαν Θουκυδίδῃ), abridged the Attic Lexicon of Heracleon of Ephesus, and wrote a monograph comparing Latin with Greek. Peter Barr Reid...

Didymus the Blind

Didymus the Blind (313–98)   Reference library

John Behr

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
718 words

...Zacharie (Graecitas Christianorum Primaeva, 6; Nijmegen, 1977). W. M. Hayes , SJ, ‘Didymus the Blind is the Author of Adversus Eunomium IV/V’, in E. A. Livingstone (ed.), Studia Patristica , 17 (Oxford, 1982), 1108–14, with survey of earlier lit. A. Louth in CHECL (2004), 280f. R. A. Layton , Didymus the Blind and his Circle in Late-Antique Alexandria: Virtue and Narrative in Biblical Scholarship (Urbana, Ill., 2004). G. D. Bayliss , The Vision of Didymus the Blind: A Fourth-Century Origenism (Oxford,...

Didymus the Blind

Didymus the Blind (c.313–98)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
137 words

... the Blind ( c. 313–98 ), Alexandrian theologian . He was a staunch Nicene in trinitarian theology, but he was condemned as an Origenist at the Council of Constantinople in 553, and much of his vast literary output has perished. His ‘On the Holy Spirit’ (in Jerome ’s translation), ‘Against the Manichees’ (in a mutilated text), and fragments of exegesis have long been known; ‘On the Trinity’ has been attributed to him since the 18th cent., but this ascription is now challenged. Books 4 and 5 of St Basil ’s Contra Eunomium are sometimes...

Didymus

Didymus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... the Greek word for ‘twin’, an epithet of St Thomas the...

Didymus

Didymus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
57 words

... • Current frequencies: GB 71, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 44 • Main GB location 1881: Hants English : See Diddams . Further information This variant has been assimilated by folk etymology to the New Testament Greek personal name Didymus , meaning ‘twin’, the Aramaic equivalent of which is Thomas . Didymus, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Didymus

Didymus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(the Gk. form of the Heb. ‘Thomas’, i.e. ‘twin’).An alternative name in Jn. 11: 16, 20: 24, 21: 2 for the Apostle Thomas.
Didymus

Didymus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(RE 11),‘the musician’, author of significant writings on harmonics. (See music § 5.) His novel techniques on the monochord and his original, rather straightforward tetrachordal divisions are closely ...
Didymus

Didymus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1st cent. bc) belonged to the school founded at Alexandria by Aristarchus (2) and himself taught there. A scholar of immense learning and industry (cf. his nicknames Chalkenteros (‘Brazen-bowels’) ...

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