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Demetrius (20)

Of Troezen (probably 1st cent. ad), wrote works on literary history. The only known title is that of his work on philosophers, Against the Sophists. Athenaeus 1. 29a;Diogenes ...

Greece

Greece   Reference library

Yannis Hamilakis, Neil Asher Silberman, John K. Papadopoulos, Ian Morris, H. A. Shapiro, Mark D. Stansbury-O’Donnell, Frank Holt, and Timothy E. Gregory

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
11,848 words

...commonplace to see early Byzantine Greece as an architectural crossroads, with influences coming from Constantinople, western Asia Minor, Syria, and Italy. Among the most important monuments of this period are the churches of Thessaloniki, especially the basilicas of St. Demetrius and the Acheiropoietos, and the “rotunda” of St. George. Nea Anchialos (Thessalian Thebes) preserves a remarkable series of early churches, and the islands of the Aegean are especially rich in the number and lavishness of the early Christian buildings, including the Panagia...

Tel Kedesh

Tel Kedesh   Reference library

Andrea M. Berlin and Sharon C. Herbert

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,536 words
Illustration(s):
4

...the Persian–Hellenistic Administrative Building, served under three successive foreign dynasties: the Achaemenid Persians, the Ptolemies, and the Seleucids. The building was abandoned after a nearby battle in 144/43 b.c.e. between the Hasmonean Jonathan and the Seleucid Demetrius II. It was partially reoccupied during the last third of the second century b.c.e. by people whose origins and affiliations are uncertain but whose lifestyle was different and poorer than that of the previous occupants. While the Administrative Building’s footprint remained...

Gezer

Gezer   Reference library

Steven M. Ortiz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,050 words
Illustration(s):
2

...period at Gezer is known only from tombs and material culture. The last occupation at Gezer was during the Hellenistic period. Naturally, one of the key questions is whether there is any archaeological evidence for the Seleucid and Hasmonean occupations. Several coins dating to Demetrius II (r. 145–139 and 129–125 b.c.e. ) were found, one with the name Antiochus VII (r. 138–129 b.c.e. ). In addition, several Rhodian jar handles were found, one with the stamp SIMIOU , “of Simon,” in Greek. Large quantities of Hellenistic pottery were uncovered. Most of the...

Antioch on the Orontes

Antioch on the Orontes   Reference library

Andrea U. De Giorgi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,480 words

...of St. Peter; research, however, did not extend farther south, where in all likelihood the synagogue of Ashmunit lay. Nevertheless, the textual accounts of the genesis and evolution of the synagogue are of interest: according to a tradition reported by Malalas, at the time of Demetrius I Soter (r. 162–150 b.c.e. ) the Maccabean martyrs had been buried somewhere in the Kerateion. However, the synagogue of Ashmunit that rose on the site of the martyrdom in all likelihood may not date before the Flavian period and should be situated sometime around the year 70 ...

Ephesus

Ephesus   Reference library

Katherine A. Shaner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
7,786 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Aquila, traveling companions of Paul, also spend time in Ephesus according to Acts 18:19–28 . Scholars are, however, very cautious when reconstructing historical events within Ephesus from the stories in Acts. For example, Luke, in Acts 19:23–41 , tells the story of Demetrius, the silversmith who accuses Paul of destroying the trade in silver Artemis shrines all over Asia Minor. Calling together his compatriots, a near riot ensues as they call a meeting of the ekklēsia , or democratic assembly of citizens in the theater. Eventually a representative...

Hazor

Hazor   Reference library

Sharon Zuckerman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
6,538 words
Illustration(s):
1

...king Tiglath-pileser III (r. 745–727 b.c.e. ) and the transfer of its inhabitants to Assyria. The latest written references to Hazor are dated to the first century b.c.e. In 1 Maccabees 11:67 the “plain of Hazor” is mentioned in the context of Jonathan’s campaign against Demetrius. Josephus’s Antiquity 5.199 refers to the location of Hazor. In neither case is there a reference to the existence of an actual settlement. Hazor: Comparative Table of Strata, Periods, and Related Finds Stratum (Upper Tell) Stratum (Lower City) Archaeological Period Absolute...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

Ekaterini G. Tsalampouni

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
7,209 words

...from the time of Vespasian (r. 69–79 c.e. ) onward and is associated with an orgiastic cult. He is depicted on the city walls holding a hammer and protecting it from barbarian intruders, a role which was later ascribed to the young martyr and patron saint of Thessaloniki, Demetrius. It is assumed that Paul’s emphasis on holiness in his first letter to the Thessalonians should be understood as an indirect critique against the orgiastic cult of Cabirus, who was also addressed as “holy” in Thessaloniki. However, Cabirus was not the only deity who was...

Til Barsip

Til Barsip   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,427 words

...bracelets, and other bronze vessels. The Hellenistic occupation was the most extensive of the later occupations but was still very limited. Dressed stones were found in this level that may have been part of the socle belonging to a small sanctuary. Coins of Antiochus VII, Demetrius II, Antiochus VIII, and Antiochus IX bracket a period between about 138 and 95 bce for this occupation. A selection of typical Hellenistic mold-made figurines was also associated with this level. Very little of the site's Islamic and modern remains has been published....

Hazor

Hazor   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
3,119 words
Illustration(s):
3

...in the Bible. 2 Kings 15:29 , describes the conquest of Hazor and most of the northern kingdom of Israel by Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria. The latest reference to Hazor in connection with historical event—the battle between the Hasmonean Jonathan and the Syrian Demetrius in 147 bce , on the Plain of Hazor—is made in 1 Maccabees 11:67 . It is last mentioned in Josephus ( Antiq. 5.199). Excavation Results. Excavation has revealed that there is a difference in the history of occupation for the lower and upper cities. For this reason, the...

Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
9,563 words

...interprets events in terms of eschatological justification. For the historian, the commentary on Nahum (4Q169) is doubtless the cornerstone of the continuous pesharim . The author mentions a “Demetrius, King of Greece” and refers cryptically to a Jewish ruler who crucified great numbers of his opponents. These references seem to be to the Seleucid ruler Demetrius III Eucaerus ( 95–88 bce ) and the Jewish king Alexander Jannaeus , who did indeed—according to the Jewish historian Josephus—put many Jewish insurgents to death in the course of a civil war....

Persia

Persia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
14,069 words

...dating the actual transfer of power after 148 . [See Bisitun .] The conquest of Mesopotamia was likewise not a swift and straightforward matter, as indicated by contemporary cuneiform tablets (Debevoise, 1969 , p. 22, n. 99). After a long struggle against the Seleucid king Demetrius II, the Parthians finally gained the upper hand. Mithridates was probably crowned in Seleucia on the Tigris In 141 , and in the same year his rule was acknowledged as far south as Uruk in southern Mesopotamia. After these successes the king soon had to turn his attention to the...

History of the Field

History of the Field   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
40,352 words

...Cycladic period) was explored by the German Institute under the direction of Otto Rubensohn , whose report appeared in 1917 . Important evidence for understanding the end of the Bronze Age on Paros has come from recent excavations at the site of Kou-kounaries, conducted by Demetrius Schilardi on behalf of the Greek Archaeological Society. At the site of Skarkos, on the Island of Ios, Marisa Marthari is excavating a very well-preserved Early Cycladic settlement, on behalf of the Greek Archaeological Service. On the island of Saliagos, between Paros and...

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