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Darfur

Darfur is the westernmost state in Sudan. Despite its long and complex history, it has gained international attention only since 2003 when an insurgency emerged in the region, triggering a ...

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Graham Harrison

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
781 words

...in Sudan. During this period Darfur’s political system was modified and disrupted but it was only in 1916 that Darfur was fully annexed to the colonized Sudanese state. From 1916 to independence in 1956 , the British colonial administration, with its focus on Khartoum and the Blue Nile river basin, established Darfur’s modern marginality. Darfur’s population was disempowered and located at the border of a state consolidated through European colonization. If British colonialism achieved the subordinate incorporation of Darfur into Sudan, the bulk of the...

Darfur

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Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...government subsequently invaded Darfur, killed Ali Dinar, ended the sultanate, and incorporated Darfur into Sudan. After Sudan attained independence in 1956 , Darfur remained under Sudanese rule. The central Darfur region of Sudan is inhabited largely by Fur farmers; the northernmost section by nomadic camel herders; and the eastern and southern zones by Arab cattle herders. Periods of severe drought since the late 1960s forced the cattle and camel herders to encroach on the rich agricultural land in the central section of Darfur. As competition for access to...

Darfur

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Mark Naftalin

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,162 words

...Waal. Darfur: A New History of a Long War . 2d ed. (London, 2008). A seminal work on Darfur by two of arguably the most respected contemporary voices on the subject. Lanz, David. “ Save Darfur: A Movement and its Discontents .” African Affairs 108 (2009): 669–677. Mamdani, Mahmood. Saviors and Survivors: Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror . (New York, 2009). Marchal, Roland. “ Chad/Darfur: How Two Crises Merge .” Review of African Political Economy 33, no. 109 (2006): 467–482. Murphy, Theodore, and Jérôme Tubiana. “ Civil Society in Darfur: The...

Darfur

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Mark Naftalin

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,173 words

.... Darfur: A New History of a Long War . 2d ed. (London, 2008). A seminal work on Darfur by two of arguably the most respected contemporary voices on the subject. Lanz, David . “Save Darfur: A Movement and its Discontents.” African Affairs 108 (2009): 669–677. Mamdani, Mahmood . Saviors and Survivors: Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror . (New York, 2009). Marchal, Roland . “Chad/Darfur: How Two Crises Merge.” Review of African Political Economy 33, no. 109 (2006): 467–482. Murphy, Theodore , and Jérôme Tubiana . “Civil Society in Darfur: The...

Darfur

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Mark Naftalin

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,162 words

.... Darfur: A New History of a Long War . 2d ed. (London, 2008). A seminal work on Darfur by two of arguably the most respected contemporary voices on the subject. Lanz, David . “Save Darfur: A Movement and its Discontents.” African Affairs 108 (2009): 669–677. Mamdani, Mahmood . Saviors and Survivors: Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror . (New York, 2009). Marchal, Roland . “Chad/Darfur: How Two Crises Merge.” Review of African Political Economy 33, no. 109 (2006): 467–482. Murphy, Theodore , and Jérôme Tubiana . “Civil Society in Darfur: The...

Darfur

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Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
8,127 words

...tactics against Darfur's rising rebel groups. Aside from administrative neglect by the central government, Darfur also suffered by its proximity to Chad. Libyan leader Colonel Qaddafi regarded Darfur as his natural playground and staging area for a rebellion against the Chadian president, Hissen Habré . Throughout the 1980s, in exchange for funneling resources (both financial and military) to the Sudanese government, Qaddafi was allowed to fuel a Chadian civil war from his bases in Darfur, including the arming of pro-Arab militias in Darfur. The Chadian war...

Darfur

Darfur (Sudan)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Darfur , Sudan A state, and former independent sultanate which was annexed to Sudan in 1916 , with the name ‘Realm of the Fur’ from dār , here ‘realm’ and fur . ‘Fur’ was the name given to the inhabitants of the region by the Keira dynasty who ruled over them; in due course the Keira and the Fur merged....

Darfur

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,247 words

...Dinar's army, and killed Ali Dinar himself. Darfur belatedly became part of Sudan. The westernmost district acceded to Sudan in 1923 when the sultan of Dar Masalit signed an agreement with Khartoum; the desert border with Chad was demarcated only in 1939 . Britain neglected Darfur, investing just enough effort to rule through the so-called native administration system of chief's courts. At independence in 1956 , Darfur had the poorest health, educational, and agricultural services of any part of Sudan. Darfur is a prisoner of geography. Its remoteness has...

Darfur

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
339 words

...Darfur A semi‐arid region in western Sudan, in which Arab nomads and black African populations have competed for precious resources such as grazing land. In 2003 , African groups began to rebel by launching attacks against government installations, accusing the government of discriminating against them in favour of Arabs. The Arab Janjaweed militias formed in response. Supported by the government military, its bands have sought to expel Africans from their homes, raping and killing many residents. In 2006 , a peace deal was signed that involved the disarming...

Darfur conflict

Darfur conflict (2003– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Darfur conflict ( 2003–  ) A conflict between the Sudanese government and two main rebel groups—the Sudan Liberation Movement ( SLM ) and the Justice and Equality Movement ( JEM )—in the eastern region of Darfur. The conflict began in 2003 , fuelled by the government’s oppression of non-Arab populations in the region. The United Nations estimates that over 300,000 were killed in the main period of the war, which has been described by some academics and political leaders as a genocide against the Darfuri people perpetrated by the security forces...

Darfur

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
98 words

... • à deux, agent provocateur, astir, auteur, aver, bestir, blur, bon viveur, burr, Chandigarh, coiffeur, concur, confer, connoisseur, cordon-bleu, cri de cœur, cur, danseur, Darfur, defer, demur, de rigueur, deter, entrepreneur, er, err, farceur, faute de mieux, fir, flâneur, Fleur, force majeure, fur, hauteur, her, infer, inter, jongleur, Kerr, littérateur, longueur, masseur, Monseigneur, monsieur, Montesquieu, Montreux, murre, myrrh, occur, pas de deux, Pasteur, per, pisteur, poseur, pot-au-feu, prefer, prie-dieu, pudeur, purr, raconteur, rapporteur,...

Darfur

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
13 words
Darfur

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
18 words
Darfur

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
18 words
Darfur

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
47 words
Darfur

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
48 words
Darfur

Darfur  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Darfur is the westernmost state in Sudan. Despite its long and complex history, it has gained international attention only since 2003 when an insurgency emerged in the region, triggering a ...
Berti

Berti  

Ethnic group of north Central Africa.The Berti inhabit primarily Darfur Province, Sudan. They once spoke a Nilo-Saharan language, although today they speak Arabic. Some ethnologists consider the ...
Baggara

Baggara  

Ethnic group of Sudan; also known as the Seleim, the Mesiriya, the Ta’aisha, and the Rashaida.The Baggara primarily inhabit the Darfur and Kordofan regions of Sudan. They speak Arabic ...
Fur

Fur  

Ethnic group of the Sudan with an estimated population of more than one million.The Fur live mostly in the region of Sudan called Western Darfur, which is named for ...

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