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Dante Alighieri

(1265–1321), Italian poet, whose reputation rests chiefly on The Divine Comedy (c. 1309–20), an epic poem describing his spiritual journey through Hell and Purgatory and finally ...

Dante Alighieri

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The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
94 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) Poet , born at Florence of a Guelf family. During the early period of his life he fell in love with the girl whom he celebrates under the name of Beatrice in the Vita nuova and the Divina commedia . When she died, in 1290 , Dante was grief‐stricken and sought consolation in the study of philosophy. The Vita nuova , written in the period 1290–4 , brings together 31 poems, most of them relating to his love for Beatrice. There is a translation by Dante Gabriel Rossetti ( 1861...

Dante Alighieri

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
124 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ), poet and philosopher . Dante was born in Florence. He first met his Beatrice in 1274 ; after her death in 1290 , he promised her a poem ‘such as had been written for no lady before’, a promise fulfilled in the Divina Commedia . He then studied philosophy, entered politics, and was banished from Florence in 1301 . He became a supporter of the Emp. Henry VII , for whom he wrote the De Monarchia ; this argued the need for a universal monarchy to achieve the temporal happiness of humanity and the independence of the Empire...

Dante Alighieri

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
119 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) Italian poet . In his early years Dante wrote many canzoni to Beatrice Portinari , who remained the inspiration for much of his life's work. In 1300 , he became one of the rulers of Florence, but was exiled in 1302 after a feud between the White and Black Guelphs . He never returned to Florence, but wrote under the patronage of various nobles until he died impoverished in Ravenna. His writings include The New Life ( c .1293 ), Banquet ( c .1304–07 ), On Monarchy ( c .1313 ), and De Vulgari Eloquentia ( 1304–07 )....

Dante Alighieri

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
103 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ). Italian poet. Little is known of his early life, but as a child he met ‘Beatrice’ with whom he fell in love. She died in 1290 , the wife of another, provoking a crisis for Dante resolved by his writing Vita Nuova . In that, he promised her a poem ‘such as had been written for no lady before’. That poem was his Divine Comedy , written sometime between 1305 and 1314 . It is set in a period over Easter 1300 during which Dante travels from a dark forest (in which he has lost his way) through hell and purgatory to paradise...

Alighieri, Dante

Alighieri, Dante   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,892 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Alighieris were descendants of the Elisei, an ancient and noble Florentine family. Dante Alighieri . Miniature depicting Dante and Virgil Recognizing Ulysses , from the Divine Comedy , Italian, 14th century (Venice, Biblioteca Marciana). Photo credit: Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library International Dante may have studied at Bologna University, but he admitted to having taught himself the art of versifying. About 1283 he married Gemma di Manetto Donati, who bore him four children. His sons Pietro and Jacopo wrote commentaries on the Divine Comedy . Dante...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri   Reference library

Letizia Panizza

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
183 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ). Italian poet and political philosopher famed for his visionary poem The Divine Comedy , a daunting moral philosophical apologetic of individual freedom and responsibility, and their divine retribution and reward. Dante's most rigorously argued treatise is Monarchia , which proposes, in contrast to his contemporary Marsilius of Padua, a strong universal monarchy as the only solution to the ruinous Italian factionalism of his day. But Dante's most original theories cleanly separate the spheres of influence of Church and State. Human...

Dante Alighieri

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A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
596 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) Italian poet and philosopher . Born in Florence, Dante sought the consolations of philosophy after the death in 1290 of his beloved Beatrice Portinari, who was the wife of the painter Simone de Bardi . Active in the political life of Florence, Dante was sent to Rome as an envoy to the papal court in 1301 , and while absent was condemned to exile. He never returned to Florence, but died an honoured guest of Guido da Polenta , the ruler of Ravenna. Dante’s principal conventional philosophical work is the Convivio , or ...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,130 words

...Keen D. Alighieri , La Commedia secondo l’antica vulgata , ed. G. Petrocchi , 4 vols (1966–7). ——  Opere minori , ed. D. De Robertis et al ., 2 vols (1979–88). E. Auerbach , Dante, Poet of the Secular World , tr. R. Manheim (German original, 1929) (1961). Z. G. Barański , Dante e i segni (2000). M. Barbi , Problemi di critica dantesca , 2 vols (1941). T. Barolini , The Undivine Comedy: Detheologizing Dante (1992). P. Boyde , Dante, Philomythes and Philosopher (1981). S. Bemrose , A New Life of Dante (2000). G. Contini , Un’idea di Dante ...

Dante Alighieri

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The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
140 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ), the greatest of Italian poets, was a Florentine, exiled in 1301 , who died in Ravenna after completing his Divine Comedy (the title is not his). The poem, in three parts and 100 Cantos, is intended as a guide to salvation and describes ( Inferno ) Hell as an abyss of nine descending circles, beginning with Limbo and ending in the frozen lake reserved for traitors. The second and third Books ( Purgatorio and Paradiso ) describe the Earthly Paradise, concluding in the Beatific Vision. Dante's vision of Hell, far more...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Reference library

Anik Laferriere

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
497 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) Italian poet and philosopher. He was born in Florence, lost his parents before he was 18, and was betrothed at the age of 12, but married only in 1293. In 1274 he met Beatrice (prob. Bice Portinari, the daughter of a Florentine citizen and wife of Simone dei Bardi), becoming her poet nine years later. Her death in 1290 resulted in his Vita nuova (prob. in 1292, possibly later). He then turned to philosophy, prob. under the Dominicans , and wrote a series of allegorical Canzoni, or odes on the Lady Philosophy, Courtesy,...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
197 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ). Italian writer. Dante was the greatest of medieval poets and his vernacular Divine Comedy , written after 1302 when he was in exile from Florence and charting the journey through the three realms of the afterlife, the greatest of all medieval poems. Specific mentions of art are few, though highly significant, like the reference to the fame of the rising stars Giotto and Franco Bolognese eclipsing that of Cimabue and Oderisi ( Purgatorio 11), or the vivid description of the relief carvings on the cornice of Pride (...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
464 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) Poet , was born at Florence of a Guelf family. The circumstances of his early life are obscure, but in 1277 he was formally betrothed to his future wife, Gemma Donati , and in 1289 he took part in military operations against Arezzo and Pisa. During this early period of his life he fell in love with the girl whom he celebrates under the name of Beatrice in the Vita nuova and the Divina commedia . When she died, in 1290 , Dante was grief‐stricken and sought consolation in the study of philosophy. In 1295 he became...

Dante Alighieri

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Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
710 words

... Alighieri . ( 1265–1321 ). As in the works of Charles Baudelaire , Arthur Rimbaud , and other French Symbolists whom Conrad read and admired, allusions to Dante’s Inferno often figure in his writings in order to evoke conditions of unending suffering and stagnant despair. Predictably, many of these appear in his letters with reference to his own position as a writer consigned to suffer the ‘infernal’ torment of literary creation: ‘I am one of those who are condemned to run in a circle’, says Conrad of himself ( CL , ii. 243). Elsewhere, he echoes...

Dante Alighieri

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Cyril Barrett

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
333 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) Italian poet and philosopher , born in Florence . Very little is known for certain about his life. From 1295 he took an active part in local politics, which led to his exile. Having wandered for a time, spending part of it in Verona, he finally settled in Ravenna, where he died. On the death of Beatrice Portinari with whom he was secretly in love, he turned to philosophy ( c. 1290 ) of the Thomist variety. He differs from Thomas Aquinas in not conceding even indirect power to the papacy. Secular and ecclesiastical...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
867 words

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ), the Italian poet of La Divina Commedia , was a major influence on George Eliot : she read the Commedia many times over the course of her life and could recite several passages from memory. She spent an entire year ( 1879–80 ) reading and discussing Inferno and Purgatorio with John Walter *Cross , who later wrote, ‘The divine poet took us into a new world. It was a renovation of life’ (Cross, iii. 359). In her only extant love letter to him ( October 1879 ), she assumed the name of the beloved in Dante's Vita Nuova and...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri   Reference library

Peter S. Hawkins

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
6,598 words

...1972–1975. Alighieri, Dante . Il Convivio . Edited and translated by Richard H. Lansing . New York: Garland, 1990. Alighieri, Dante . Monarchia . Edited and translated by Prue Shaw . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Battaglia Ricci, Lucia . “Scrittura sacra e ‘Sacrato Poema.’ ” In Dante e la Bibbia , edited by Giovanni Barblan , pp. 295–422. Florence: L. S. Olschki, 1988. Biblia Sacra iuxta Vulgatam Versionem . Edited by Boniface Fischer . Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1983. Davis, Charles Till . Dante’s Italy and...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
3,389 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Uffizi. All Dante's works are published in a single volume, Le Opere di Dante , critical text by the Società Dantesca Italiana (Florence, 1921, 2nd ed. 1960). In the Società Dantesca Italiana's “Edizione Nazionale”, the following have been published: Monarchia (Milan, 1965), the Commedia (Milan, 1966–1967; 2nd ed. Florence 1994), the Fiore and the Detto d'Amore (Milan, 1984) and the Convivio (Florence, 1995). Commentaries: Dante Alighieri, La Divina Commedia , N. Sapegno (ed.), Milan, 1957 (3rd ed. Florence 1985). Dante Alighieri , The Divine...

Dante                 Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Reference library

Winthrop Wetherbee

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,609 words

... Dante Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) D. was born in 1265 in Florence. Between 1285 , when he married, and 1302 , when he was exiled from Florence, he was active in the cultural and civic life of the city, served as a soldier, and held several political offices. Since the early thirteenth century, two great factions, the Guelfs and the Ghibellines, had competed for control of Florence....

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... Alighieri ( 1265–1321 ) Italian poet Vita Nuova ( 1290–4 ) Poetry Poetry Convivio [unfinished] ( 1304–8 ) Non-Fiction Divina Commedia ( 1307–21? ) Poetry De Monarchia ( 1309–12 ) Non-Fiction...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri (12651321)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
122 words

...Dante Alighieri 1265 1321 Italian poet l Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita Mi ritrovai per una selva oscura , Che la diritta via era smarrita . [In the middle of the journey of our life I came to myself within a dark wood Where the straight way was lost]. ‘Inferno’, Canto 1, line 1, La Divina Commedia (?1320). This would be at the age of 35 – half of the biblical three score years and ten. The ‘dark wood’ represents sin and error. See also Clark 1 . Lasciate ogni speranza voi ch'entrate! [All hope abandon, ye who enter here!] In the same poem,...

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