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Daniel Defoe

Subject: Literature

(1660–1731), born in London, the son of James Foe, a butcher. He changed his name to Defoe from c.1695. He attended Morton's academy for Dissenters at Newington Green with a view ...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
103 words

...of Defoe (1988) — Defoe De-attributions (1994) — A Critical Bibliography of Daniel Defoe (1998)...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
146 words

..., Daniel ( c. 1660–1731 ). Prolific English writer . Educated at a dissenting academy, Defoe was pardoned for fighting for Monmouth , and gaoled for bankruptcy in 1692 , before becoming William III 's unofficial apologist in the best‐selling True‐Born Englishman ( 1701 ). Imprisoned and pilloried for seditious libel for his satire on high‐church bigotry, The Shortest Way with the Dissenters ( 1702 ), Defoe was recruited as a propagandist by Robert Harley . Having finally made his peace with the Whigs, Defoe published Robinson Crusoe ( 1719 ),...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
80 words

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ) English journalist and novelist . He championed William III in his first notable poem, The True-born Englishman ( 1701 ). A politically controversial journalist, he was twice imprisoned, once for The Shortest Way with the Dissenters ( 1702 ). His reputation now rests on his fiction. His enduringly popular novels include Robinson Crusoe ( 1719 ), Moll Flanders ( 1722 ), Colonel Jack ( 1722 ), and Roxana ( 1724 ). A man of remarkably varied interests, Defoe is among the most prolific writers in the English...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

Rosemarie C. Sultan

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ), novelist . Although Dickens observed that Defoe personally must have been ‘a precious dry and disagreeable article’ and found ‘an utter want of tenderness and sentiment’ in the death of Friday (to Forster, ?5 and 6 July 1856 ), from childhood Robinson Crusoe ( 1719 ) was one of his favourite books, and it powerfully influenced the world of his imagination. He quotes or refers to it frequently, and names it as one of the books which ‘kept alive’ young David Copperfield 's fancy when the Murdstones imposed their regime ( DC 4). ...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ) , journalist and novelist, whose The Life and Strange and Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York Mariner ( 1719 ) Trollope considered the first ‘really popular’ novel. In his list of figures of English literature, Defoe and John son are the only two prose writers included. Planning his ‘History of World Literature’, Trollope intended to begin with Robinson Crusoe . RCT R. C....

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

..., Daniel ( c. 1660–1731 ) English writer , important in this context for his descriptions of country estates, many of them in the course of improvement when he recorded them in his A Tour thro’ the Whole Island of Great Britain (from 1724 (when the French Taste was still dominant)) with many later edns (when newer ‘natural’ landscapes (e.g. Painshill, Surrey) were coming into vogue). Defoe ( 1724–7 ) ; H & W ( 1988 ) ; ODNB ( 2004...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
48 words

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ). For local historians his most important work is A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain ( 1724–6 ), a record of journeys undertaken over many years which provides a vivid and informed account of Britain in the first quarter of the 18th...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (c.1660–1731)   Reference library

J. A. Downie

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
198 words

..., Daniel ( c. 1660–1731 ) . Prolific English writer. Educated at Charles Morton’s dissenting academy, Defoe was pardoned for fighting for Monmouth , and gaoled for bankruptcy in 1692 , before becoming William III ’s unofficial apologist in the best-selling True-Born Englishman ( 1701 ). Imprisoned and pilloried for seditious libel for his satire on high-church bigotry, The Shortest Way with the Dissenters ( 1702 ), Defoe was recruited as a propagandist and intelligence agent by Robert Harley , writing the seminal propaganda journal the Review ...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
1,732 words

...London: Oxford University Press, 1969. Defoe, Daniel . A New Voyage round the World . Edited by George A. Aitken . London: Dent, 1895. Defoe, Daniel . Robinson Crusoe . Edited by Tom Keymer . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Defoe, Daniel . Serious Reflections during the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe . London, 1720. Edwards, Philip . The Story of the Voyage . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Fishman, Burton J. Defoe, Herman Moll, and the Geography of South America . Huntingdon Library Quarterly 36, no. 3...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
923 words

...almost all Defoe's novels. Their general lesson is that through ingenuity, individual initiative, and labor the poorest person may attain success and happiness. [See also Astell, Mary ; Authorship ; Industry ; and Novel .] Backscheider, Paula . Daniel Defoe: A Life . Baltimore, 1989. Bender, John . Imagining the Penitentiary . Chicago, 1979. Earle, Peter . The World of Defoe . New York, 1977. Moore, John Robert . Daniel Defoe: Citizen of the Modern World . Chicago, 1958. Novak, Maximillian E. Economics and the Fiction of Daniel Defoe . Berkeley,...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660?–1731)   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Defoe, Daniel ( De Foe ) ( 1660?–1731 ) . English journalist and novelist, born in London of Flemish descent, son of a chandler, and best known for the novel Robinson Crusoe ( 1719 ). He sympathetically represented non-standard varieties of English in works like Colonel Jack ( 1722 ) and A Tour thro’ Somerset ( 1724–7 ), but in An Essay upon Several Projects ( 1702 ) proposed that England emulate the Académie française with an academy appointed ‘to encourage Polite Learning, to polish and refine the English Tongue, and advance the so much neglected...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,256 words

..., Daniel Defoe (Baltimore, 1989). Curtis, L.A. (ed.), The Versatile Defoe (1979). Earle, P. , The World of Defoe (1976). Furbank, P.N. and Owens, W.R. Defoe De-Attributions (1994). Furbank, P.N. and Owens, W.R. , A Critical Bibliography of Daniel Defoe (1998). Meier, T.K. , Defoe and the Defense of Commerce (Victoria, BC, 1987). Moore, J.R. , Daniel Defoe, Citizen of the Modern World (Chicago, 1958). Novak, M.E. , Daniel Defoe Master of Fictions: His Life and Ideas (Oxford, 2001). Novak, M.E. , Economics and the Fiction of Daniel Defoe ...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
687 words

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ) Author , born in London, the son of James Foe, a tallow chandler. He changed his name to Defoe from c. 1695 , after his first bankruptcy. He attended Morton's academy for Dissenters at Newington Green with a view to becoming a Dissenting minister, but by the time he married Mary Tuffley in 1683 /4 he was established as a hosiery merchant in Cornhill; the competing demands of trade and religion colour his early fictions. Defoe travelled in France, Spain, the Low Countries, and possibly Italy and Germany, and he was absorbed by...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
461 words

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ) Author, born in London, the son of James Foe, a tallow chandler. He changed his name to Defoe from c. 1695 , after his first bankruptcy. He attended Morton's academy for Dissenters at Newington Green with a view to becoming a Dissenting minister, but by the time he married Mary Tuffley in 1683 /4 he was established as a hosiery merchant in Cornhill. Defoe travelled in Europe, and he was absorbed by travel and travel literature throughout his career. He took part in Monmouth's rebellion, and in 1688 joined the advancing forces...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
544 words
Illustration(s):
1

...writing, the satirical “The Shortest Way with Dissenters,” was published anonymously in 1701 . When identified as the author, Defoe was arrested, fined, and jailed. In this pamphlet Defoe, although a Dissenter himself, called for the suppression of Dissenters. Daniel Defoe . Frontispiece to volume 1 of Robinson Crusoe (London: W. Taylor, 1719). Reproduced courtesy of the Cotsen Children's Library, Princeton University Library Defoe began writing novels when he was about sixty years old. He made his mark on the reading world when he published The Life and...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
69 words

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ) A prolific and versatile writer whose works are of great importance in the development of the novel and journalism. For local historians his most important work is A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain ( 1724–6 ), a record of journeys undertaken over many years which provides a vivid and informed account of Britain in the first quarter of the 18th...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
6,171 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Healey, George Harris , ed. The Letters of Daniel Defoe . Oxford, 1933; repr. 1955. Kennedy, Joyce D. , Michael Seidel , and Maximillian E. Novak , eds. An Essay upon Projects: The Stoke Newington Daniel Defoe Edition . New York, 1999. Secord, Arthur Wellesley , ed. Defoe's “Review” (1704–1713) . 22 vols. New York, 1938. Reproduced from the original editions. Further Reading Backscheider, Paula R. Daniel Defoe: His Life . Baltimore, 1989. The standard and definitive biography. Boardman, Michael . Defoe and the Uses of Narrative . New Brunswick, NJ,...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660?–1731)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
118 words

..., Daniel ( 1660?–1731 ), journalist and novelist : educ. London ( Stoke Newington : Newington Green); manages business in Chadwell St Mary 1694–1703 ; imprisoned in London ( City : Newgate St.) 1703 ; stays in Bury St Edmunds 1704 ; lives in London ( Stoke Newington : Stoke Newington Church St.) from 1709 ; visits Bristol , Cambridge , Chester , Chichester , Dartmouth , Exeter , Great Malvern , Holywell , Ipswich , Liverpool , Tunbridge Wells , York ; d. London ( City : Ropemaker St.) and buried in Bunhill Fields ( Finsbury ), gravestone at...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,045 words

..., Daniel ( 1660–1731 ) Daniel Defoe was born in London in autumn 1660 and died there on 24 April 1731 . Born Daniel Foe , he adopted the name ‘de Foe’ in 1695 , possibly for business purposes. He was educated by an ejected minister, James Fisher , in Dorking, then at Charles Morton's dissenter academy in Newington Green 1674–9 . Morton was later Vice-President of Harvard. Defoe was also a member of Samuel Annesley 's congregation in Bishopsgate. Instead of entering the Presbyterian ministry, however, Defoe became a merchant and commodity...

DEFOE, Daniel

DEFOE, Daniel (?1660–1731)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
355 words

...DEFOE, Daniel ( ?1660–1731 ) Author of Robinson Crusoe , he was the son of a London butcher, James Foe. He changed his name to Defoe when he was in his forties. He was brought up a Nonconformist and sent to a dissenting school, but instead of becoming a minister he went into business as a hosiery merchant and seems to have travelled widely in Europe; he became bankrupt in 1692 . After being involved in Monmouth’s rebellion against James II he began to write political tracts, and in 1701 published The True-born Englishman , which defended the Dutchness...

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