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Dalai Lama

1935– ) Tibetan Buddhist leader; spiritual and temporal ruler of Tibet (1951–59). He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989, in recognition of his appeals for the nonviolent ...

Dalai Lama

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
140 words

... Lama ( Grand Lama ) Supreme head of the Yellow Hat Buddhist monastery at Lhasa , Tibet . The title was bestowed upon the third Grand Lama by the Mongol ruler Altan Khan ( d.1583 ). In 1642 , the Mongols installed Ngawang Lopsang Gyatso ( 1617–82 ), fifth Dalai Lama, as political and spiritual ruler of Tibet. Dalai Lamas thereafter retained political leadership, but spiritual supremacy was later shared with the Panchen Lama . In 1950–51 , Tenzin Gyatso ( 1935 – ), 14th Dalai Lama, temporarily fled Tibet after it was annexed by the People's...

Dalai Lama

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A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
131 words

... Lama . An honorific title derived from Mongolian, the first part of which (dalai) means ‘ocean’. Altan Khan , the Mongol ruler of Kokonor, conferred this title on the early Gelukpa teacher Snam Gyatsho (bsod-nams rgya-mtsho, 1543–88 ) in 1578 . The same title was then applied retrospectively to his two previous incarnations, Gendün Drup (dge-'dun grub) 1391–1474 and Gendün Gyatsho (dge-'dun rgya-mtsho) 1476–1542 , who became known respectively as Dalai Lama I and Dalai Lama II . From that time onwards, the successive incarnations through to...

Dalai Lama

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
203 words

...Dalai Lama The title of the abbot of the Dge‐lugs‐pa (Yellow Hat) order of Tibetan Buddhist monks, who is revered as the incarnation of the angelic bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. The order was founded by the first Dalai Lama, Gendun Druba, in 1400 . The ‘Great Fifth’ Dalai Lama, Losang Gyatso, unified the country in 1642 and thus became Tibet's secular as well as spiritual ruler. Subsequently, Tibet was ruled by successive Dalai Lamas in a monastic bureaucracy from Lhasa. The Fourteenth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, was born in 1935 and enthroned in 1940 . He...

Dalai Lama

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Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
198 words

... Lama ( Tenzin Gyatso ; 1935–  ) Tibetan Buddhist leader; spiritual and temporal ruler of Tibet ( 1951–59 ). He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 , in recognition of his appeals for the nonviolent liberation of his homeland from Chinese rule. Born into a peasant family in Amdo province, Tenzin Gyatso was five when oracles proclaimed him the reincarnation of the thirteenth Dalai Lama, who had died in 1933 . He was enthroned at Lhasa in 1940 and ruled in his own right from 1950 . A year later the Chinese invaded Tibet; when the...

Dalai Lama

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The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
729 words

... Lama ( 1935 –) The fourteenth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, was born in the Amdo region of eastern Tibet in 1935 . Recognized at age six as the reincarnation of the thirteenth Dalai Lama, he was brought to central Tibet, where he began his formal education. Dalai Lamas traditionally are invested with full temporal power at age eighteen, but due to the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950 the date was moved up by two years. For the next nine years the Dalai Lama attempted to cooperate with Tibet's new Chinese rulers, but following an abortive popular uprising...

Dalai Lama

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
283 words

...Mongolian title ‘Ta le’ (Ocean [of Wisdom]) Lama, which, retrospectively applied to his two predecessors, made Gendun Drub the first ‘Ta le’ Lama (‘Dalai’ being a W. transcription). The current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso , has based himself in Dharamsala, India, from where he has become well-known internationally, and been styled a ‘god-king’ by the Western press. This potentially misleading term stems from the Tibetan consideration of eminent beings as emanations of Buddhas or bodhisattvas , and the Dalai Lama in particular as an emanation of ...

Dalai Lama

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Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
57 words

... Lama0 Dalai Lama 1935 –   the spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism Frankly speaking it is difficult to trust the Chinese. Once bitten by a snake you feel suspicious even when you see a piece of rope. attributed, 1981 If you want others to be happy, practise compassion. If you want to be happy, practise compassion....

Dalai Lama

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Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
159 words

...Dalai Lama 1935 –   Tibetan Buddhist , spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism and, until the establishment of Chinese communist rule, the spiritual and temporal ruler of Tibet. The present Dalai Lama escaped to India in 1959 following the Chinese invasion of Tibet and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 Frankly speaking it is difficult to trust the Chinese. Once bitten by a snake you feel suspicious even when you see a piece of rope. attributed, 1981 trust the Chinese bitten by a snake see a piece of rope We are a part of humanity, so we...

Dalai Lama

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The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...and the machinations of power-hungry regents. According to tradition, from the death of one Dalai Lama to the investiture of the next Dalai Lama as head of state (generally a period of some twenty years), the nation was ruled by a regent, who was responsible for discovering the new Dalai Lama and overseeing his education. If the Dalai Lama died before reaching his majority, the reign of the regent was extended. ¶ The thirteenth Dalai Lama, Thub bstan rgya mtsho , was an astute and forward-looking political leader who guided Tibet through a period of...

Dalai Lama

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Alex McKAY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Dalai Lama Dálài Lǎma 达赖喇嘛 ‎ The Dalai Lama is the temporal and spiritual leader of the Tibetan Buddhist people, who regard him as the earthly manifestation of Chenrezi, the bodhisattva (incarnating deity) of compassion. Each Dalai Lama is regarded as the reincarnation of his predecessor, and after a Dalai Lama dies, a search is conducted for the young boy in whom the Dalai Lama is considered to have been reborn. The present Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (b. 1935 ), is the fourteenth in a line of succession that originated in a fourteenth-century...

Dalai Lama V

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A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
120 words

... Lama V ( 1617–82 ). Losang Gyatsho (Tib., blo-bzang rgya-mtsho), often deemed to be the greatest Dalai Lama on account of his political acumen, especially in his dealings with Manchu China , though he is not renowned as an exceptional scholar. He was largely responsible for the reunification of Tibet after a period of upheaval and the political dominance of the office of the Dalai Lama and the Gelukpa school in general, especially through suppression of the Karma-kagyü and Jonangpa schools during his time. His reign ushered in a golden age of...

Dalai Lama XIV

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A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
76 words

... Lama XIV ( 1935–  ). Tenzin Gyatso (Tib., bstan-'dzin rgya-mtsho). The current Dalai Lama now living in exile. Following the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950 , he tried to protect Tibetan interests through cooperation with the Chinese but, after the 1959 uprising, he eventually fled to India where he is now resident in Dharamsala. Well-known for his tolerence, humility, and tireless efforts to further the Tibetan cause internationally, he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989...

Songs of the Sixth Dalai Lama

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A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49 words

...of the Sixth Dalai Lama . The popular short collection of secular poem-songs composed by the controversial and tragic Dalai Lama VI , Tshangyang Gyatsho (Tib., Tshang-dbyangs rgya-mtsho, 1683–1706 ). Though the theme of many of these songs is of a romantic nature, some believe they conceal a profounder...

Dalai Lama

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... Lama the spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism and, until the establishment of Chinese communist rule, the spiritual and temporal ruler of Tibet. Each Dalai Lama is believed to be the reincarnation of the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, reappearing in a child when the incumbent Dalai Lama dies. The present Dalai Lama, the fourteenth incarnation, escaped to India in 1959 following the invasion of Tibet by the Chinese and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 . The name is from Tibetan, literally ‘ocean monk’, so named because he is regarded as ‘the ocean of...

Dalai Lama

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
70 words
Dalai Lama

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
124 words
Dalai Lama

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
117 words
Dalai Lama

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
120 words
Dalai Lama

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
124 words
Dalai Lama

Dalai Lama  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism and, until the establishment of Chinese communist rule, the spiritual and temporal ruler of Tibet. Each Dalai Lama is believed to be the reincarnation of the ...

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