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Croesus

(6th century bc), last king of Lydia c. 560–546bc. Renowned for his great wealth, he subjugated the Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor before being overthrown by Cyrus the ...

Croesus

Croesus (6th century bc)([People])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
89 words

... [People] ( 6th century bc ) The last king of Lydia, a country on the east coast of the Aegean Sea in what is now Turkey. He was famed for his great wealth. The phrase ‘as rich as Croesus’ has become proverbial. > A very rich man The stakes will be very high (the winners rich as Croesus, the losers dead). Boston Review 2003 In 1999 , Agro and his wife, Camille, examined his 401 (k) retirement plan and felt like Croesus. CFO: Magazine for Senior Financial Executives ...

Croesus

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
29 words

... King of Lydia in Asia Minor ( r. c .560–546 bc ). Renowned for his wealth, he was overthrown by Cyrus the Great of Persia but served in his...

Croesus

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Percy Neville Ure and Simon Hornblower

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
146 words

... , last king of Lydia ( c. 560–546 bc ), son of Alyattes. He secured the throne after a struggle with a half-Greek half-brother, and completed the subjugation of the Greek cities on the Asia Minor coast. His subsequent relations with the Greeks were not unfriendly; he contributed to the rebuilding of the Artemisium at Ephesus and made offerings to Greek shrines, especially Delphi; anecdotes attest his friendliness to Greek visitors and his wealth. The rise of Persia turned Croesus to seek support in Greece and Egypt, but Cyrus the Great of Persia...

Croesus

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
147 words

... , last king of Lydia ( c. 560–546 bc ), son of Alyattes . He completed the subjugation of the Greek cities on the Anatolian coast. His later relations with the Greeks were not unfriendly though tribute was imposed; he contributed to the rebuilding of the Artemisium at Ephesus and made offerings to Greek shrines, esp. Delphi ; anecdotes attest his friendliness to Greek visitors and his wealth. The rise of Persia led Croesus to seek support in Greece and Egypt, but Cyrus (1) anticipated him: Sardis was captured and Croesus overthrown. By...

Croesus

Croesus (560–546)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
60 words

... King of Lydia ( c . 560–546 bc ) . He expanded his domains to include all the Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor, and the stories of his wealth indicate the extent of his power. However, he was unable to withstand Cyrus II (the Great) , and after his defeat Lydia entered the Persian empire of the Achaemenids....

Croesus

Croesus (c.560–546 bc)(last king of *Lydia)   Reference library

Percy Neville Ure and Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
206 words

... , last king of Lydia ( c. 560–546 bc ) , son of Alyattes . He secured the throne after a struggle with a half-Greek half-brother, and completed the subjugation of the Greek cities on the Asia Minor coast. His subsequent relations with the Greeks were not unfriendly; he contributed to the rebuilding of the Artemisium at Ephesus (Hdt. 1. 92 and Tod no. 6) and made offerings to Greek shrines, especially Delphi ; anecdotes attest his friendliness to Greek visitors and his wealth. The rise of Persia turned Croesus to seek support in Greece and...

Cro͞e'sus

Cro͞e'sus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
209 words

...the river Halys, the boundary of his empire, in an expedition against the Persian king Cyrus. Croesus was defeated and his capital Sardis taken. Legends telling of his fate seem to have sprung up soon after: that he set himself on his own funeral pyre, but was miraculously wafted to the Hyperboreans by Apollo out of gratitude for his gifts to Delphi; or that he was spared after being put on a pyre while still alive by Cyrus, who, hearing Croesus recall the warning of Solon about the uncertainty of life, reflected on his own mortality and repented of his...

Croesus

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
36 words

... • Crassus , Halicarnassus, Lassus • tarsus • nexus , plexus, Texas • Paracelsus • census , consensus • Croesus • narcissus • Ephesus • Dionysus • colossus • Pegasus • Caucasus • petasus • excursus , thyrsus,...

Croesus

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A New Dictionary of Eponyms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
240 words

... Croesus , the last king of Lydia, reigned from about 560 to 546 b.c. He was reputed to be the wealthiest man in the world, and from this reputation we have the eponym Croesus , meaning an extremely wealthy man. He had subjugated the Ionian cities and made the Greeks in Asia Minor tributary to him. The fame of his power and wealth drew many of the wisest Greeks to his court at Sardis, among them Aesop and Solon . His interview with Solon was celebrated in antiquity. In reply to Croesus's question, “Who is the happiest man you have ever seen?”...

Croesus

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... (6th century bc ), last king of Lydia c. 560–546 bc . Renowned for his great wealth, he subjugated the Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor before being overthrown by Cyrus the...

Croesus

Croesus   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of London Phrase & Fable

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... A nickname for Thomas Sutton ( 1532–1611 ), from the proverbially wealthy king of Lydia. Sutton got rich from the discovery of coal on his estate in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, augmented his income by working as a senior government official and by marrying a wealthy widow, and then made an even larger fortune as England's leading moneylender. He founded Sutton's Hospital in Charterhouse , and Sutton House in Homerton takes its name from him, although he did not live...

Croesus

Croesus 2 noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
14 words
Croesus

Croesus noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
40 words
Croesus

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
72 words
Croesus

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
Croesus

Croesus 1   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
Croesus

Croesus   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
47 words
Croesus

Croesus  

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Overview Page
(6th century bc),last king of Lydia c. 560–546bc. Renowned for his great wealth, he subjugated the Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor before being overthrown by Cyrus the Great.
Phanye

Phanye  

The daughter of Croesus (Cresus), who expounded his dream (VII.2758).
Lyde

Lyde  

An ancient kingdom in the centre of the western part of Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Its capital was Sardis. A powerful Lydian empire developed in the 7th and 6th c. ...

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