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County of Provence

House of Barcelona Capetian House of Anjou Valois House of Anjou Bourrilly, V.-L., and R. Busquet, La Provence au moyen âge ...

Provence, County of

Provence, County of   Quick reference

Dynasties of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History
Length:
197 words

..., County of House of Barcelona 1112–1131 Raymond Berengar I (count of Barcelona as Raymond Berengar III ; married Douce, heiress of Provence , 1112 ) 1131–1144 Berengar Raymond (son) 1144–1162 Raymond Berengar II (brother; Barcelona 1131 ) 1162–1166 Raymond Berengar III (son of Berengar Raymond ) 1166–1196 Alfonso I (son of Raymond Berengar II ; king of Aragon 1164 ) 1178–1181 Raymond Berengar IV (brother; regent) 1181–1185 Sancho (brother; regent; deposed, died 1223 ) 1196–1209 Alfonso II (son of Alfonso I ) 1209–1245 Raymond Berengar V ...

County of Provence

County of Provence  

House of BarcelonaCapetian House of AnjouValois House of AnjouBourrilly, V.-L., and R. Busquet, La Provence au moyen âge (1112–1481) (Marseille, 1924).Busquet, R., Histoire de Provence (Monaco, ...
Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... appeared. This followed the publication of other county histories, with Theophilus Jones ( 1759–1812 ) responsible for the comprehensive History of the County of Brecknock (2 vols, 1805 , 1809 ), and Samuel Rush Meyrick ( 1783–1848 ) for the History and Antiquities of the County of Cardigan ( 1809–10 ). An edition of Fenton's manuscripts was published in the volume Tours in Wales 1804–13 ( 1917 ). While living in London, he was a member of influential literary and cultural societies. One of these was the Gwyneddigion, and other prominent...

Tracing a Family Tree: Getting Started

Tracing a Family Tree: Getting Started   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,642 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...parish register, but they can often be found in the registers of a group of neighbouring parishes. If a hearth tax return for the county that you are interested in is available in print, the index will enable you to identify the places where people with the same surname were living in the 1660s or 1670s. You will do well to get back to the 16th century, when parish registers began and wills became more common among ordinary people. Not many of us can get back into the Middle Ages by proving a direct line step by step, but it is often possible to show that...

The Antiquarian Tradition

The Antiquarian Tradition   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,837 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... The Records of the Nation: The Public Record Office, 1838–1988; The British Record Society, 1888–1988 (1990) . A major landmark at the end of the century was the establishment of The Victoria History of the Counties of England . The VCH , as it is commonly known, began as a private enterprise in 1899 . It aimed to be a comprehensive work of reference, an authoritative work of scholarship, and a starting point for future research for all the counties of England. The influence of the old county histories is reflected in the plan of the general...

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,365 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...History of Tudor and Stuart England in Honour of Professor R. H. Tawney ( 1961 ), she had established some of the approaches and the framework of explanations that were to prove so fruitful in volumes iv and v of the AHEW . She placed a new emphasis on the comparison of different types of countryside, or pays , such as the open fields of the Midland Plain, the wood pastures of the Kentish Weald, the fens of Lincolnshire, and the Pennine moors . The county (the typical unit of the early antiquarians ) was now considered to be a relevant area of study...

Policing

Policing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,788 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...report, which painted a terrifying picture of the vulnerability of the English countryside to a constant horde of itinerant criminals, vagrants, and beggars. That report, Chadwick claimed, ‘proved’ that crimes against property were not ‘caused by blameless poverty or destitution’ but by ‘the temptations of the profit of a career of depredation, as compared with the profits of honest and even well paid industry’. Chadwick was also the author of the deterrent New Poor Law of 1834 , with its central principle of ‘less eligible’ treatment for paupers in...

Irish Local and Family History

Irish Local and Family History   Quick reference

Kevin Whelan

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,945 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Deeds all carry essential genealogical records, as does the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. All these institutions have, however, other priorities, but are as cooperative as time and staffing levels permit. For those living outside Ireland who wish to pursue Irish genealogical research, the best advice remains to do as much as possible of the research in one's own country prior to consulting Irish records; without establishing a county of origin at a minimum, Irish research is likely to prove tedious and difficult. Armed with a county...

Surnames

Surnames   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,649 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...century most of Wales had adopted it. However, some pockets of resistance were found in remoter parts of the country during the 18th century. The type of surname that was favoured overwhelmingly was the patronymic. Sometimes this was done simply by adopting the father's name as a surname, e.g. Anthony, John, Richard, but more commonly the use of the suffix ‐s was preferred, no doubt because this was the system in widespread use in those English counties which lay just across the border. Because of this, and because of the rather narrow choice of male first...

Britain and America: A Common Heritage

Britain and America: A Common Heritage   Quick reference

George Redmonds

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,879 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Some of these names may be connected, but they need to be dealt with individually, each one supported by illustrative examples. Another problem is that many less common surnames are simply not included in works of reference. That is true, for example, of Colpitts, the surname of a man who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1775 on board the ship Jenny . Fortunately, Stephen Archer's atlas is not selective in its approach and his county map tells us that there were just 77 people called Colpitts in 1881 . Of these, 74 were living in the adjoining counties of Durham...

Family History

Family History   Quick reference

Anthony Camp

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The peerage writers of the 18th century Arthur Collins ( 1682–1760 ) and Joseph Edmondson ( d. 1786 ) almost exhausted that side of the market, but the local historians of the 18th and early 19th centuries wrote county histories containing pedigrees of the landed gentry , many embodying fabulous material as the price of a subscription, for, as Thomas Whitaker wrote, ‘in the genealogies of old families there are many vestiges of error, and some of fraud, which time and vanity have rendered sacred’. However, the movement at the end of the 18th and in the...

Place-Names

Place-Names   Quick reference

Margaret Gelling

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,757 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of early spellings from all surviving written records; and this principle remains the fundamental one as regards English names, though in Celtic‐speaking countries, where oral traditions are more reliable, the careful recording of local pronunciations is also important. In 1899 J. H. Round published a plea for the study of English place‐names county by county, a project which was taken up in 1922 by the institution of the Survey of English Place‐Names. The following year saw the founding of the English Place‐Name Society , the object of which was...

Women Local and Family Historians

Women Local and Family Historians   Quick reference

Joan Thirsk

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and the owner's explanations. It proves not to be an eccentric concern, for one name uncovers a legend about John of Gaunt ( 1340–99 ) giving East and West Fens to the poor of the Soke of Bolingbroke (Eileen Elder, ‘Sarah Sophia Banks, Sister of Sir Joseph Banks’, Lincolnshire Past and Present , 13 ( 1993 ). Another distinguished collector of dialect in Shropshire was Georgina F. Jackson, who started in 1870 , and published in 1879 , Shropshire Word‐Book: A Glossary of Archaic and Provincial Words … Used in the County ( 1879 ). Georgina Jackson's work...

Education

Education   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,295 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the journals of local historical societies and of the History of Education Society. For a county study, see John Roach , A Regional Study of Yorkshire Schools, 1500–1820 (1998). A number of schools retain a Tudor or Stuart building that was erected by the munificence of a local lord, or perhaps a local man who had made his fortune in London and who remembered his place of birth when he came to make his will . Such buildings were constructed in the vernacular style of the region and were commonly adorned with the coat of arms of the founder and...

Domestic Buildings

Domestic Buildings   Quick reference

Malcolm Airs

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,135 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Nikolaus Pevsner created for Penguin Books under the title of The Buildings of England in 1951 . All the English counties had been covered by 1974 , and the greatly expanded revised editions have been appearing since that date, although they are now published by Yale University Press. Bridget Cherry published a fascinating history and bibliography of the series in 1983 . The first volume of The Buildings of Scotland was published in 1978 , and The Buildings of Wales and The Buildings of Ireland followed in 1979 , although it will be many years...

African‐Caribbean Genealogy

African‐Caribbean Genealogy   Quick reference

Guy Grannum

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,002 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of slaves. Most West Indian wills and grants of administrations were proved in local courts and may survive locally. Owners who died with estates in England or Wales had their wills proved until 1857 by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury ( PCC ), the records of which are held by TNA. In 1858 the PCC's role in probate administration was abolished and the responsibility went to the Principal Probate Registry. People with estates in Scotland had their wills proved in Scottish courts; these are available online. Newspapers can contain a wide variety of...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...periods of heightened tension they could be more hostile and aggressive in support of economic protests and political demands. During the *Gordon riots of June 1780 London was out of control for several days, and the same thing happened in Birmingham in 1791 and in Bristol and Merthyr Tydfil in 1831 . In 1795–6 and 1800–1 Britain experienced the most serious and widespread food riots in its history, several counties experienced severe industrial disorder during the worst *Luddite protests of 1811–13 , while in 1830 thousands of agricultural...

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of prerogative taxation. Subsidies continued to be granted from time to time until the eve of the Civil War; the last forced loan was requested in 1626 . The 1640s appear to have been the pivotal decade in English taxation history, with the development of the parliamentary ‘weekly assessment’ and the excise. The Restoration saw the enactment of the hearth tax in 1662 , at a rate of 1 s. per hearth every six months. This was abolished in 1689 and replaced by the land tax in 1692 . Copies of the land tax were deposited with the county clerks of...

War

War   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,919 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Britain, and elsewhere was mostly successfully contained. When the costs of the war came to be counted, Britain's position in the Caribbean and India was still secure; and even the loss of the American colonies proved to have little impact on the continued expansion of British trade. Nevertheless, the American war provoked a pessimistic assessment of Britain's economic progress (and, by implication, of its future as a great power) which held considerable authority until about the turn of the century. Richard *Price was the most notable proponent of...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...law, history, and a canon of published great works by known authors. The second exemplary figure, Francis Grose, ex-army captain, draughtsman, historian, lexicographer, satirist, jester, and collector of ephemera, had already begun his remarkable career as a commentator on culture before the appearance of Brand 's Popular Antiquities . Grose's most massive if not his most original achievement is the Antiquities of England and Wales , (6 vols, 1773–87 ), a county-by-county record of surviving medieval buildings and ruins of note, partly illustrated by...

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